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中文論文名稱 運用任務型教學法提升學習動機: 以英語為外語學習者的大學生為例
英文論文名稱 Using Task-based Instruction to Motivate Learning: A Case Study of EFL College Learners
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 陳怡妏
研究生英文姓名 Yi-Wen Chen
學號 695110154
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2009-06-12
論文頁數 109頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃月貴
委員-杜德倫
委員-葉潔宇
中文關鍵字 任務型教學法  任務  學習動機  合作學習 
英文關鍵字 Task-based Instruction  Task  Learning Motivation  Cooperative Learning 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討運用任務型教學法於大學英語語言練習課程中的可行性,並進一步探究任務型教學法是否能有效提升學生的英語學習動機,及調查學生對此教學法的態度及觀感。
本研究對象為北部某私立大學62位大一學生,接受為期一學期,共計16週的任務型教學法。本研究同時運用質性研究和量化研究方法。資料蒐集的方法包含問卷調查、學生訪談、課堂觀察以及教師教學日誌。
量化研究結果顯示,學生在參與任務型教學法後,對其英文能力的自信心明顯提升,統計上達顯著差異。另外,質化研究發現,任務型教學法提升學生的學習態度、學習動機以及課堂活動的參與度。就學生對任務型教學法的態度及觀感而言,量化及質化結果均顯示學生對此教學法持正向的態度及看法,並認為透過任務型活動學習英語是有趣且愉快的學習經驗。
本研究建議英語教師需根據學生的語言程度以及實際教學環境,適當的調整任務型教學法,以符合學生學習需求及教學現況,並進一步提升英語的學習動機和課堂活動的參與度。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study is to examine whether Task-based Instruction (TBI) motivates students to learn and to investigate students’ perceptions of task-based activities. The subjects were sixty-two college students from the Department of Educational Technology at a private university in northern Taiwan. Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used in this study. The instruments used in this study included a motivation questionnaire, a TBI perception questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, classroom observations and the researcher’s weekly teaching logs.
The statistical results of pre-instruction and post-instruction motivation questionnaire indicated that the task-based activities enhanced the students’ self-confidence in English ability. The data collected from interviews, classroom observations and teaching logs showed that TBI promoted higher class involvement and learning motivation. The data on students’ perceptions suggested that students held positive attitudes toward TBI and thought learning English through tasks was interesting.
This study suggests that TBI may be a viable alternative for teachers of EFL English Language Drill class to enhance students’ learning motivation, participation and engagement in class activities if it is adapted according to the students’ proficiency level, the teaching context and the educational setting.

論文目次 中文摘要.....................................i
ABSTRACT....................................ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS...........................iii
TABLE OF CONTENT............................iv
LIST OF TABLES..............................vi
LIST OF FIGURES............................vii

Chapter One Introduction
1.1Research Background ...................................1
1.2Purpose of the Study...................................5
1.3Research Questions.....................................5
1.4Significance of the Study..............................6

Chapter Two Literature Review
2.1Task-based Instruction.................................7
2.1.1 Definitions and Characteristic of Task-based Instruction...............................................8
2.1.2 Theoretical Background for Task-based Instruction...10
2.1.3 The Framework of Task-based Instruction............14
2.2 Task.................................................17
2.2.1 The Definitions of Task............................18
2.2.2 Task and Exercise...................................19
2.2.3 Task Components....................................20
2.2.4 Task Classification................................21
2.3 Cooperative Learning in Task-based Instruction.......22
2.4 Motivation for Second Language Learning..............24
2.4.1 Gardner’s Motivational Construct..................24
2.4.2 Expanding the Motivational Construct...............26
2.5 Task-based Instruction in Classroom Practice.........27

Chapter Three Methodology
3.1 Participants.........................................32
3.2 Instruments..........................................33
3.3 Instructional Design.................................34
3.4 Procedure............................................37
3.5 Data Collection......................................39
3.5.1 Classroom Observation..............................39
3.5.2 Semi-structured Interview..........................40
3.5.3 Teaching Logs......................................40
3.5.4 Students’ Weekly Group Work Self-Reflection
Worksheets and Work......................................40
3.6 Data Analysis........................................41

Chapter Four Results and Discussion
4.1 Results of Research Question 1.......................43
4.1.1 Analysis of Motivation Questionnaire...............44
4.1.2 Analysis of Qualitative Data.......................49
4.2 Results of Research Question 2.......................52
4.2.1 Analysis of TBI Perception Questionnaire...........52
4.2.2 Analysis of Qualitative Data.......................58
4.3 Discussion of the Findings...........................63
4.3.1 TBI and Learning Motivation........................63
4.3.2 TBI and the Participants’Perception...............67

Chapter Five Conclusion
5.1 Summary of the Major Findings........................70
5.2 Pedagogical Implications.............................71
5.3 Limitations and Suggestions for Further Research.....73

References...............................................76
Appendix A...............................................82
Appendix B...............................................84
Appendix C...............................................87
Appendix D...............................................90
Appendix E...............................................93
Appendix F...............................................94
Appendix G...............................................95
Appendix H...............................................97
Appendix I ..............................................98
Appendix J...............................................99
Appendix K..............................................104
Appendix L..............................................107

LIST OF TABLES
Table 4.1 Paired-Sample T-test of Motivation……………………………………..44
Table 4.2 Results of the Motivation Questionnaire in Six Categories …………….45
Table 4.3 Paired-Sample T-test of Motivation: Six Individual Categories ………..48
Table 4.4 Attitude and Perceptions toward Curriculum Design …………………...53
Table 4.5 Attitude and Perceptions toward TBI and Group work ………………....54
Table 4.6 Holistic Language Learning through TBI ………………………………56
Table 4.7 Opportunities for Oral Communication through Group Work ………….57

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 2.1 The Framework of Task-based Instruction ………………………………16
Figure 2.2 Task Components ………………………………………………………..20
Figure 2.3 The Scale of Attitudes Motivation Test Battery…………………………..25
Figure 3.1 The Task Types Used in This Study………………………………………36


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