淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
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系統識別號 U0002-2306201413315400
中文論文名稱 董事會性別多樣性與財務績效─以中國上市公司為例
英文論文名稱 Gender Diversity in the Boardroom and Firm Financial Performance─Empirical Evidence from Listing Companies in China
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 會計學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Accounting
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 張易安
研究生英文姓名 Yi-An Jhang
學號 601600165
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2014-06-04
論文頁數 97頁
口試委員 指導教授-徐志順
委員-鄭佳綾
委員-林芳綺
中文關鍵字 多樣性  性別  董事會  績效 
英文關鍵字 Diversity  Gender  Board  Performance 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究之目的在於探討董事會性別多樣性與財務績效之關聯性,並進一步檢驗曲線關係。以中國A股上市公司為研究對象,蒐集樣本公司2001年至2011年十一年期間的董事會性別與企業財務績效資料進行實證分析。
實證結果顯示:董事會性別多樣性與企業財務績效呈現先下降後上升的正U型曲線關係,亦即,女性董事比例須達到關鍵多數後對財務績效才會產生有利的影響;加入企業規模的調節後,規模較大的企業其董事會性別多樣性與會計績效(ROE)將呈現顯著正U型的曲線關係,而在企業規模大的情況下,董事會性別多樣性與市場價值(Tobin’s Q)將呈現顯著倒U型的曲線相關;以國營企業樣本進行迴歸分析,發現董事會性別多樣性與財務績效之關係無統計上的顯著性;加入國營企業的調節後,使國營企業董事會性別多樣性與財務績效間呈現倒U型曲線關係,與整體樣本結果相反,此結果反映國營企業董事的政治力會強化性別多樣性與財務績效的影響力。
本研究主要貢獻除了延伸開發中國家董事會性別多樣性議題於管理文獻上做一補充外,對於瞭解中國企業女性董事比例對財務績效的影響,具有實務價值。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between the board gender diversity and financial performance , and further testing curve relationship . A-share listed companies in China for the study, collected the Board of gender and corporate financial performance data sample companies during the 2001-2011 ten-year empirical analysis.
The empirical results show: The board gender diversity and corporate financial performance declined after the first rise showed a positive relationship between the U -shaped curve , that is , the proportion of women directors is required to achieve the critical mass will have a beneficial impact on the financial performance ; adding enterprise-scale adjustment after large-scale enterprise of its board gender diversity and performance accounting(ROE) will show a significant positive relationship between the U-shaped curve , and in the case of large- scale enterprises , the Board of gender diversity and market value(Tobin's Q) will be presented significantly associated inverted U-shaped curve ; to state-owned enterprises sample regression analysis, we found the relationship between gender diversity and financial performance of the Board of Directors of no significant statistical ; after adding state-owned enterprises to adjust , so that state-owned enterprises of the Board of gender diversity and financial performance between an inverted U -shaped relationship , with the overall sample results Instead, this result reflects the political power of the directors of state-owned enterprises will strengthen gender diversity and financial performance influence.
The main contribution of this study, in addition to extending the board gender diversity in developing countries to make a supplementary question on the management literature, to understand the impact of Chinese enterprises the proportion of female directors on financial performance , with practical value.
論文目次 目錄
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程圖 4
第貳章 文獻探討 5
第一節 董事會之意義與功能 5
第二節 董事會組成:中國現況 15
第三節 董事會組成要素 17
第四節 董事會性別多樣性相關理論 23
第五節 董事會性別多樣性與財務績效之相關文獻 29
第參章 研究方法 35
第一節 觀念性架構與研究假說 35
第二節 研究變數之衡量 38
第三節 實證模型 41
第四節 樣本與資料來源 42
第五節 資料分析方法 42
第肆章 實證結果及分析 44
第一節 敘述性統計 44
第二節 相關分析 46
第三節 迴歸分析 54
第四節 額外分析 58
第伍章 結論與建議 76
第一節 研究結論 76
第二節 管理意涵 79
第三節 研究限制與建議 82
參考文獻 83
中文文獻 83
英文文獻 84
表目錄
表2-1 董事會功能構面之理論意義 7
表3-1 各變數之定義 41
表3-2 樣本資料之篩選與整理 42
表4-1 整體樣本之敘述性統計 45
表4-2 分群樣本之敘述性統計 48
表4-2 分群樣本之敘述性統計(續) 49
表4-2 分群樣本之敘述性統計(續) 50
表4-2 分群樣本之敘述性統計(續) 51
表4-3 各變數間之Person相關係數矩陣 53
表4-4 董事會性別多樣性與財務績效之迴歸分析 55
表4-5 以不同董事會群體的虛擬變數進行迴歸分析 57
表4-6 董事會性別多樣性和企業規模與財務績效之線性迴歸分析 60
表4-7 董事會性別多樣性和企業規模與財務績效之曲線迴歸分析 62
表4-8 國營企業之敘述性統計 65
表4-9 非國營企業之敘述性統計 67
表4-10 國營企業董事會性別多樣性與財務績效之迴歸分析 69
表4-11 非國營企業董事會性別多樣性與財務績效之迴歸分析 71
表4-12 董事會性別多樣性和國營企業與財務績效之線性迴歸分析 73
表4-13 董事會性別多樣性和國營企業與財務績效之曲線迴歸分析 75
圖目錄
圖1-1 研究流程圖 4
圖2-1 各國董事會女性比例 20
圖3-1 觀念性架構 35
圖4-1 中國各年董事會女性比例 46
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