||Behaviors and Attitudes Toward English Reading, English Writing, Writer's Block in English, and English Writing Apprehension–A Case Study of EFL Student Writers in Taiwan
||Department of English
Writer's Block in English
English Writing Apprehension
English Writing Strategies
English Writing Behaviors
||This study aims to investigate EFL English majors' behaviors and attitudes toward their English writing,and to examine the interrelationships among the following issues such as English reading behaviors, English writing behaviors, English writing strategies, revision behaviors, writer's block in English, and English writing apprehension. The research was conducted at Tamkang University in Taiwan. Participants of this study were 160 junior English majors from this university. Data were collected quantitatively and qualitatively by using three sets of questionnaires and interviews that focused on essay recalls. The result revealed that there was a significantly positive relationship between writer's block in English and English writing strategies. Moreover, there was a significantly positive relationship between writer's block in English and English writing apprehension. A significantly negative correlation existed between English writing apprehension and daily English writing hours. Based on the findings of this study, it was suggested that EFL instructors may avoid negative evaluations, and encourage their students to read more, to write more, and to use English writing strategies appropriately for alleviating their English writing anxiety or writer's block in English.
||TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHINESE ABSTRCT ……………………………………………………………….i
TABLE OF CONTENTS……………………………………………………….. …iv
LIST OF TABLES …………………………………………………………………vii
LIST OF FIGURES……………………………………………………………......viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Research Background 1
Purpose of the Study 4
Research Questions 5
Definition of the Terms 6
Significance of the Study 9
The Framework of the Study 9
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
Writer's Block 11
Notion of Writer's Block 11
Empirical Research of Writer's Block 14
Writing Apprehension 18
Notion of Writing Apprehension 18
Empirical Research of Writing Apprehension 21
Relationships among Writing Frequency, Writer's Block,
Writing Apprehension, and Writing Performance 26
Relationships among Writing Process, Writing
Strategies, and Writing Apprehension 30
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Data Collection Procedures 34
Quantitative Instruments: Three Sets of Questionnaires 36
Qualitative Instrument 42
Data Analysis 43
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND FINDINGS
Results of the Quantitative Analysis 45
Questionnaire Concerning English Reading and Writing Activities 46
Questionnaire of Writer's Block in English 52
English Writing Apprehension Scale 55
CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, IMPLICATIONS, AND CONCLUSION
Relationship Between Writer's Block in English
and English Writing Apprehension 61
Relationships among Writer's Block in English,
English Reading, and English Writing 64
Relationships among English Writing Apprehension,
English Reading, and English Writing 67
Pedagogical Implications 70
Limitations and Recommendations for Further Study 75
APPENDIX A Questionnaire Concerning English Reading and
Writing Activities (Chinese Version 83
APPENDIX B Questionnaire of Writer's Block in English
(Chinese Version) 87
APPENDIX C English Writing Apprehension Scale
(Chinese Version) 89
APPENDIX D Questionnaire Concerning English Reading and
Writing Activities (English Version) 91
APPENDIX E Questionnaire of Writer's Block in English
(English Version) 96
APPENDIX F English Writing Apprehension Scale
(English Version) 98
APPENDIX G Interview Questions (English Version) 100
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 Subjects’Background Information 47
Table 2 Means and Standard Deviations on Questionnaire Concerning English Reading and Writing Activities 49
Table 3 Factor Loadings and Cronbach’s Alphas for Questionnaire Concerning English Reading and Writing Activities 51
Table 4 Means and Standard Deviations on Questionnaire of Writer's Block in English 54
Table 5 Means and Standard Deviations on Writer's Apprehension Scale Items 57
Table 6 Inter-correlations among English Reading and Writing Activities, Writer's Block in English, English Writing Apprehension, and Revision Behaviors 58
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1 The Design Procedure of Questionnaire Concerning Reading and Writing Activities 38
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