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系統識別號 U0002-2306200801093500
中文論文名稱 高等教育機構創新資本對組織績效影響之未來圖像:以T大學為例
英文論文名稱 The Effect of Innovative Capital on the Organizational Performance of Higher Education Institutions: Future Images of T University.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 未來學研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Futures Studies
學年度 96
學期 2
出版年 97
研究生中文姓名 林筠婕
研究生英文姓名 Yun-Jie Lin
學號 695700020
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2008-06-04
論文頁數 96頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳瑞貴
委員-莊忠柱
委員-沈景茂
中文關鍵字 創新資本  智慧資本  組織績效  高等教育  未來圖像 
英文關鍵字 Innovative Capital  Intellectual Capital  Organizational Performance  Higher Education  Future Images 
學科別分類 學科別人文學哲學
中文摘要 隨著知識經濟時代的來臨,培養創新能力及持續學習成為因應全球化變遷的關鍵所在。教育是國家競爭力提升的基石,如何衡量教育組織的創新資本對提升組織績效之影響將為重點所在。本研究以智慧資本的角度切入探討創新資本對於組織績效之影響,進一步探討台灣高等教育機構背景因素,以建構教育創新對組織績效之可能影響。本研究試圖達成下列目的:
一、探討創新資本對組織績效之影響。
二、探討創新資本之技術創新對組織績效之影響。
三、探討創新資本之管理創新對組織績效之影響。
四、嘗試勾劃出創新資本對高等教育機構之未來圖像。
本研究首先採用文獻分析法,從智慧資本之理論出發,探討創新資本特性,及教育創新之內涵,進而透過問卷調查蒐集資料並加以分析,以獲知創新資本衡量對組織績效之影響。其研究結果如下:
一、創新資本對組織績效之影響為顯著正向影響。
二、創新資本之技術創新在「產品創新」對組織績效之影響為顯著正向影響。
三、創新資本在管理創新著重以「人員創新」對組織績效之影響為顯著正向影響。
本研究依上述研究結果,分別對後續研究者提出建議。
英文摘要 Abstract:

With the arrival of the era of knowledge-driven economy, innovation training ability, and continuing-learning became key points of changing in conformity with globalization. Education is the foundation stone in which national competitiveness improves. That is why education will be the key to influence organizational performance on how to measure and teach organized innovation capital. This research through the intelligence capital probes into the innovative capital to influence organizational performance. Therefore, this research will also find out the probable effect in educational organizations in Taiwan higher education institutions.
The purpose of this research is focus on influential factors of innovative capital that exists in higher education such as, technical innovation, and administrative innovation. The purpose of this research is to also to:
1. To discuss the influence generated by innovative capital on organizational performance in higher education.
2. To discuss the influence generated by technical innovation on organizational performance in higher education.
3. To discuss the influence generated by administrative innovation on organizational performance in higher education.
4. Try to imagine innovative capital scenarios to create the futures images of the higher educational institution.
Finally, this research first adopts the literature review, later proceeds to the theory of intelligence capital, probe into the innovative capital characteristic and the intension of educational innovation, to later collect important data through a survey, in order to know that innovative capital is an important factor that influences organizational performance.
論文目次 目 錄I
表 次II
圖 次V
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究範圍與限制 3
第四節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 智慧資本 7
第二節 創新資本 14
第三節 組織績效 23
第四節 台灣高等教育之發展 26
第五節 未來圖像 28
第三章 研究方法 33
第一節 觀念性研究架構 33
第二節 研究假說 34
第三節 變數之操作性定義與衡量 37
第四節 研究對象與問卷發放 44
第五節 資料分析方法 46
第四章 資料統計與分析 48
第一節 樣本回收與資料分析 48
第二節 信度與效度分析 56
第三節 相關分析 63
第四節 實證分析 66
第五節 未來圖像之情境分析 73
第五章 結論與建議 77
第一節 研究結論 77
第二節 研究建議 79
第三節 後續研究建議 80
參考文獻 81
中文部分 81
英文部分 84
附錄 預試及研究問卷 91

表 次
表2-1智慧資本之定義9
表2-2近代各學者對智慧資本之分類12
表2-3近代各學者對創新意涵之定義15
表2-4創新資本相關文獻之衡量指標17
表2-5近年來各學者創新資本型態之分類18
表2-6近代各學者探討創新資本對組織績效之文獻22
表2-7各學者對教育組織績效之分類24
表2-8情境分析之觀點歸納31
表3-1技術創新之衡量構面與問項38
表3-2管理創新之衡量構面與問項40
表3-3組織績效之衡量構面與問項41
表3-4問卷設計結構42
表3-5基本資料問項43
表4-1資本資料彙整表50
表4-2 技術創新彙52
表4-3人員創新彙整表53
表4-4策略創新彙整表53
表4-5制度創新彙整表54
表4-6台灣高等教育機構組織績效彙整表55
表4-7 研究變數與構面Cronbach α值57
表4-8研究變數與構面之相關係數59
表4-9技術創新、管理創新與組織績效各構面內容61
表4-10創新資本與組織績效之相關分析表63
表4-11技術創新與組織績效之相關分析表64
表4-12管理創新對組織績效之相關分析表65
表4-13創新資本對組織績效之簡單迴歸模式分析表66
表4-14創新資本對組織績效之複迴歸模式分析表67
表4-15技術創新對組織績效之簡單迴歸模式分析表68
表4-16技術創新對組織績效之複迴歸模式分析表69
表4-17管理創新對組織績效之簡單迴歸模式分析表70
表4-18管理創新對組織績效之複迴歸模式分析表70
表4-19研究假說與驗證結果彙整72

圖 次
圖1-1研究步驟6
圖2-1 Brooking(1996) 智慧資本架構圖10
圖2-2斯堪地亞智慧資本架構圖11
圖2-3智慧資本之關係架構圖11
圖2-4情境分析之類型30
圖3-1觀念性研究架構33
圖4-1情境分析步驟76

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