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系統識別號 U0002-2301201302085800
中文論文名稱 底特律市長柯爾曼.揚治理之研究
英文論文名稱 The Study on the Governance of Detroit Mayor Coleman Young
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 美洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program, Graduate Institute of the Americas
學年度 101
學期 1
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 戴立甫
研究生英文姓名 Li-Pu Tai
學號 699250030
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2013-01-09
論文頁數 97頁
口試委員 指導教授-紀舜傑
委員-李本京
委員-陳信傑
中文關鍵字 底特律市  柯爾曼.揚市長  府際關係  治理聯盟 
英文關鍵字 DetroitCity  MayorColemanYoung  IntergovernmentalRelationship  GoverningCoalition 
學科別分類
中文摘要 美國的都市為全美國最基層的行政單位,現今的大部分的大都市已採用強勢市長制度。強勢市長制度雖賦予市長較大的法定權力,市長法定的權力有時也要視府際關係是否能給予更多的權力或是經費而定。市長政績的好壞,仍需視府際關係、市長與企業菁英、社會菁英互動而定,和現實環境而定。

美國幅員廣大,都市治理方式因地而異。本文以底特律黑人市長柯爾曼.揚作為個案的研究。治理聯盟主要是以市長為中心,市長獲得法定權力後,與都市內的企業菁英建立聯盟。對於市長而言,可以鞏固個人的政治勢力。底特律市在1970年代,逐漸面臨逆都市化的挑戰,雖然底特律市政府雖有心轉型成以銀行業為主的的產業,但是底特律市並非聯邦政府銀行重要據點,因此失敗。另一方面,底特律市重要經濟命脈被三大汽車公司(福特、通用、克萊斯勒汽車)所控制;美國汽車工人協會又以工資問題緊勒住三大汽車公司的命脈。因此,柯爾曼.揚市長不得不遵循三大汽車公司(福特、通用、克萊斯勒汽車)建設方針。

然而,任何政策或措施的施行總有一體兩面。雖然,治理聯盟經由談判、利益衝突、到利益交換等過程之後,市長能夠牢牢掌控底特律市區,擺平市區內政治、社會、企業菁英的衝突,彌補黑人先天在政治地位的弱勢。一但市政府無法獲得充足的行政資源,治理聯盟就有土崩瓦解的可能。在1993年,柯爾曼.揚市長在底特律市主要企業菁英、白人、部分黑人菁英不支持下,放棄角逐底特律市長連任的選舉。
英文摘要 In the United States ,City Governments are considered as primary administrative units, and most of the cities have adopt strong mayor system. Although Strong Mayor System offer mayor much power ,mayor obtain much power variables depend on intergovernmental relationship ,real condition or budget condition. Also ,Mayor’s Performance is interactive with political elite, business elite, social elite.

The Studies objection stress on Detroit Mayor Coleman Young. Governing coalition is Strength from Mayor. After Mayor obtain Legitimate power ,Mayor may build governing coalition ,and solidify Mayor’s power .Since 1970s ,Detroit is suffered from counterurbanization trends , Mayor Coleman Young fail to transform Detroit Economy Structure, because Ford ,General Mortors, Chrysler Company are dominate Detroit Political Economy Structure. Furthermore, United Auto Worker Union is dominate Ford ,General Mortors, Chrysler Company structure. Therefore, Mayor Coleman Young must follow Ford ,General Mortors, Chrysler Company’s direction.

Although governing coalition has experienced interests conflict, exchange benefits , negotiate benefits …,and so on. Mayor Coleman Young may dominate political, social, business elite through governing coalition. Once Detroit City Government lost abundance budget , governing coalition ,governing coalition had gradually dissolve . In 1993, Mayor Coleman Young gave up reelection.

論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範圍與問題 4
第三節 研究方法與研究設計 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 都市體制 9
第二節 底特律市發展史 13
第三節 底特律市人口結構改變與族群問題 17
第四節 柯爾曼•揚的崛起 20
第三章 柯爾曼•揚市長的法定權力 27
第一節 美國都市權力結構 27
第二節 底特律市憲章與市長權力 34
第三節 底特律市政府的府際關係 40
第四章 治理聯盟建立之過程 47
第一節 底特律復興中心的興建與底特律河岸區工程 47
第二節 通用汽車公司中央工業園區興建 51
第三節 克萊斯勒汽車公司傑佛遜工業園區興建 62
第五章 治理聯盟對底特律市的影響 67
第一節 就業問題 67
第二節 減稅與稅收 71
第三節 公共利益 75
第四節 治理聯盟的挑戰 78
第六章 結論 83
參考文獻 89

表目錄

表2-1 底特律市人口數及比例 16
表3-1 1974年底特律市警察局族裔結構 36
表3-2 1991年底特律市警察局族裔結構 36
表3-3 1918年版與1974年版底特律市憲章 39
表4-1 通用汽車公司新建廠房消耗費用 54
表4-2 1980年底特律市政府向聯邦政府申請經費表55
表5-1 底特律市兩大建設案就業機會人數 68
表5-2 底特律市與鄰近郡製造業廠商數與就業機會 68
表5-3 中央工業園區落成後預計各方收入 72
表5-4 1989年底特律市政府收入 74
表5-5 公共與私人行動者在核心事務、價值與策略的差異 79

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