||2007, Chinese President Hu Jintao in the Communist Party of China held its 17th National Congress, an explicit proposal to "implement the FTA Strategy, expand bilateral and multilateral trade and economic cooperation." This is the first time in China's Free Trade Area of external provisioning as a national strategy to enhance the free trade zone in China's economic development and the importance of building level. China believes that the bilateral FTA negotiations, China and its object is the dialogue on an equal footing, and can be shorter and smaller increments open market at the expense of an agreement with the past in China applied to join the WTO in which a single opening up the market, living in relatively unequal position, there is a great difference.
According to the WTO Regional Trade Agreements Information System, as of November 2010, notified the WTO Regional Trade Agreements in force totaled 290, FTA (Free trade Agreement; FTA) is the largest number of 160, followed by tariff Union (Customs union) of 15; from the time point observation, which came into effect in 2002 the total number of regional trade agreements 191; Sub-regional perspective, the RTA in East Asia signed a total of 47 total, plus the vast majority of FTA on economic integration agreements; from the time point of view, except for the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement for the early signing of a few other foreign, mostly concentrated in 2004 after the signing, and the rapid increase after 2007, driven by a wave of regional economic integration in East Asia.
China is so actively negotiating a free trade agreement since 1978 mainly due to the reform and opening up 30 years ago, the use of foreign trade in China led to high growth in China's booming economy, but also China's trade dependence has increased annually. The Chinea against the high dependence on trade to promote economic growth mode, but also because after joining the WTO has been most countries (especially in developed countries)identified as non-market economy status, so China to implement anti-dumping and other trade sanctions has its legal basis; Second, the financial crisis in the United States and under the influence of the European debt crisis, but also China facing recession due to end export market demand, resulting in exports also contributed to the affected, the economy toward a recession synchronization ; Third, the suspension of the Doha negotiations on behalf of the global multilateral trading system disruption, but also the bilateral trade (FTA) and the importance of regional economic integration continues to increase.
Because of free trade agreements (FTA) with the WTO itself, legality, and the elasticity with respect to the multilateral trade framework, making China in large quantities and many other countries (mainly developed countries) to circumvent the trade negotiation and signing of FTA plight and hope In East Asia, the Asian regional economic integration to enhance China's international status.