The purpose of the study:
This study is trying to analyze the content of Lu Fu in the early Song dynasty, including its introductory, rhythm, symmetry and the theme of the verse.
The scope of the study:
The research materials are selected within four kingdoms period, Emperor Taizu, Emperor Taizong, Emperor Zhenzong and Emperor Renzong, from 960 B.C. to 1032 B.C.; and the contents are chosen from imperial examinations in former times and personal practice writing. Although this study is focusing on independent Fu, Shi Lei Fu Ju, a very important work, written by Shu Wu is a tool book consisting a hundred correlated Fu which can not be left out when discussing Fu in this study.
Total 116 Fu are picked in this study and according to Comprehensive Index of Extant Works by Song Persons, Chuan Song Wen and Li Dai Fu Lu, those pomes are listing by year of author’s birth or year that a author success in the highest imperial examinations.
This study makes generality comments on Lu Fu in Early Song dynasty based on traditional aesthetic and literary criticism book, for example Han Fu, A Discourse on Literature by Pi Cao, Wen Fu by Ji Lu and Shi Ping by Ron Chung. The aesthetic on Fu was changing by the literature trend and the political situation in different dynasty. Until the first work of aesthetics and also the first systematic work of literary criticism, The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragon by Xie Liu, Fu formed a unique characteristic and style of its own and became a major poetic genre.
Comparing to the former aesthetic views to look for if Lu Fu match to the traditional criterion is the key emphasis in this study. The second, this study is trying to find out why Lu fu became a main stream in the imperial examination in the Song dynasty. This research using the approach of natural deduction, brining up several famous writers to proof the magnificent features of Lu Fu.
The limitation of rhyme scheme makes Lu fu very difficult to compose, but the perplexity of Lu Fu brings out the true beauty within the verse. Furthermore, when reading a Lu Fu, readers can appreciate the beautiful introductory, symmetry and rhyming pattern of it. Hoping through study, Lu Fu can be rehabilitated its reputation and status in Chinese literature history.