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中文論文名稱 歐盟與聯合國全球環境治理合作關係之研究─以京都議定書為例
英文論文名稱 European Union and United Nations’s Cooperational Relations in Global Environmental Governance─Case Study: Kyoto Protocol.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 97
學期 2
出版年 98
研究生中文姓名 陳美妗
研究生英文姓名 Mei-Chin Chen
電子信箱 spf27angie@gmail.com
學號 696290047
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2009-06-17
論文頁數 118頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄒忠科
委員-洪美蘭
委員-沈中衡
中文關鍵字 歐盟  聯合國  全球環境治理  京都議定書  多邊主義  柔性權力 
英文關鍵字 European Union  United Nations  Global Environmental Governance  Multipolar Diplomacy  Soft Power 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要  氣候變遷在現今已是刻不容緩的全球議題,由於涵蓋範圍廣泛,無法透過國家的單一力量來規範,1997年開放簽訂的《京都議定書》也就應運而生,透過聯合國的框架來規範各國排放溫室氣體的質量。而歐盟在聯合國全球環境治理適時地發揮了規範性的角色,東擴後的歐盟成員國增加至27國,歐盟憲法又即將生效,預期在未來歐盟在國際上將扮演舉足輕重的角色。到了後冷戰時代,議題有多極化和全球化的趨勢,需要國際體系每個成員共同努力解決,歐盟和聯合國在人權和環境議題上的緊密合作即是最佳的例子;而當今規範氣候變遷最具代表性的國際公約即是《京都議定書》,歐盟便是在聯合國制定的框架下在世界扮演推動《京都議定書》的角色,與聯合國一起相輔相成達成減緩全球暖化的目標。
  此外,在多極的國際體系下,歐盟透過與成員互動之關係發揮其規範力量,一方面不僅可以加強聯合國全球環境治理的力量,歐盟自身的國際影響力也會因此獲得提升,進而凝聚歐盟內部會員國彼此間的意識,有助於歐盟東擴後的整合。《京都議定書》自1996年產出至2004年生效前,歷經很長一段爭辯時期,在幾次差點談判失敗的會議上,歐盟在其中扮演彈性的居中協調者,說服歐盟外部和內部的行為者,這一互動的過程不論是否順遂,都展現出歐盟意在運用多邊外交手段來建構出一個更為環境的國際氛圍,透過聯合國這一平台傳達價值。
  儘管歐盟和聯合國在環境議題方面合作無間,但雙方在攜手進行合作之時仍面臨些許困境,能否克服這些阻礙和困難將是歐盟和聯合國在未來希冀提升影響力時所必須思考,進而在環境議題上強化歐盟這一柔性強權和聯合國合作的規範性力量。然而可以確定的是,彼此的命運在未來將是休戚與共。
英文摘要 Climate changes is a very urgent global topic now, because it is hard to cope with by one country’s power. Kyoto Protocol was signed in 1997, standardize the quality that various countries discharge the gas of the greenhouse under the framework of the United Nations. European Union has played the regulatory role in the global environmental government. EU member states has increased to 27 countries after enlargement in 2004. And the Lisbon Treaty will come into force soon. Therfore it is expected that EU would play an more important role in the world in the future. Also, every topic has multipolarity and globalizes after cold war. EU and UN’s common values were similar. Both of them focus on some soft topics, such as human rights and environmental. Kyoto Protocol was the most representative international convention of climate changes nowadays. As a result, EU and UN always cooperate to promotes Kyoto goal under the framework of UN.
EU also do well in relating other UN member states. EU can not merely improve UN’s global environmental, but also increase its own international influence. Kyoto Protocol goes through a very long period and argues heavily from 1996 to 2004. EU always coordinate two parties among them. EU tried its best to make a conclusion during every conference EU’s purpose is to use the multilateral diplomacy to build and construct international sphere. And UN is the best platform to express EU’s purpose.
Kyoto protocol is a good case to study for understanding EU and UN’s cooperations. They have cooperated continuously in environmental for more than 30 years. However, in order to facilitate their cooperation, both sides still face some predicaments while entering into cooperation hand in hand, could overcome these hinder from with European Union and the United Nations must while hope to improve the influence in the future. And then strengthen their power on the environmental. One thing we can be sure is that EU and UN’s destiny would stick to each other very much in the future.
論文目次 目次

頁次
第一章 緒論..............................................1
第一節 研究背景..........................................1
第二節 研究動機..........................................1
第三節 研究目的..........................................2
第四節 研究範圍..........................................2
第五節 文獻回顧..........................................3
第五節 研究架構..........................................8
第二章 歐盟與聯合國合作之法源依據.......................13
第一節 多邊主義合作夥伴.................................13
第二節 歐盟與聯合國交往權限.............................16
第三節 歐盟在聯合國活動身份.............................20
第三章 《京都議定書》內容...............................29
第一節 內容簡介.........................................29
第二節 京都機制.........................................32
第三節 談判過程.........................................35
第四章 《京都議定書》落實...............................49
第一節 歐盟京都目標.....................................49
第二節 歐盟環境政策.....................................51
第三節 實施環境政策之困難...............................60
第四節 歐盟多邊外交.....................................67
第五章 歐盟與聯合國面臨的侷限...........................76
第一節 歐盟改革.........................................76
第二節 聯合國改革.......................................77
第三節 未來展望.........................................78
第六章 結論.............................................85
第一節 研究發現.........................................85
第二節 研究建議.........................................86
《參考文獻》.............................................88

附錄一、聯合國氣候變遷框架公約《京都議定書》中文版本.....93
參考文獻 《參考文獻》

一、中文部分
(一) 專書
周弘,2008。《歐盟是怎樣的力量︰兼論歐洲一體化對世界多極化的影響》。北京:中國社會科學院文庫。
周煦,1993,《聯合國與國際政治》。臺北:黎明文化。賈德諾,1965,《聯合國與世界和平》。香港:今日世界。
科赫著,周弘譯,2008。《歐洲一體化與歐盟治理模式》。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
(二) 論文
黃博暉,1998,《中國參與國際機制之研究: 以京都議定書為例》。臺北:淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士論文。
楊健寧,1990。《環境法之整合化趨勢及我國之借鏡:以歐盟及德英二國為例》。臺北:臺灣大學三民主義研究所博士論文。
魏子迪,1995,《歐洲環境聯盟對歐盟環保決策的行動與影響成效》。臺北:淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。

二、英文部分
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Gupta, Joyeeta and Michael Grubb, 2000. Climate Change and European Leadership: A Sustainable Role for Europe? Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Jan Wouters, Frank Hoffmeister and Tom Ruys, 2006. The United Nations and the European Union : an Ever Stronger Partnership. Netherlands: T.M.C Asser Press.
Jeremy Rachardson, 2006. European Union: Powrer and Policy=making” (3rd). NK: Routledge, Abingdon.
Kimio Uno, 2002. Economy-energy-environment simulation: Beyond the Kyoto Protocol. Germany: Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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KPE Lasok, 2001. Laws & Institutions of the European Union. London: Dicken opt.
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Michael Faure, Joyeeta Gupta, Andries Nentjus, 2003. Climate Cahnge and the Kyoto Protocol: the Role of Institutions and Instruments to Control Global Change. Chentleham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Newell, Peter, 2000. Climate For Change: Non-State Actors and the Global Politics of the Greenhouse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1999. National Climate Policies and the Kyoto Protocol. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Paul G. Harris, 2007. The European Union and Global Climate Change. UK:MPG.
Peter F. Kunzlik, 1994. European Union Policy Briefings. UK: Longman.
Ralph H. Folson, 2005. European Union Law in a Nutshell. Thompson.
Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel, 2006. Global Cooperation: Challenges and Opportunities in the Twenty-first Century. England: Ashgate.
Stephen Gill, 1997. Globalization, Democratization and Multilateralism. Tokyo: United Nations University.
Taylor, Paul Graham, 2008. The End of European Intergration: Anti-Europeanism Examined. London/New York: Routledge.
(二) 期刊
B. Fassbender, 2004/3-4. “The Better Peoples of the United Nations? Europe’s Practice and the United Nations”, The European Journal of International Law. Vol.15 No.5, pp.857-884.
Barkdull, John and Paul G Harris, 2002. Environmental Change and Foreign Policy: a Survey of the Theory, Global Environment Policy, pp.63-91.
Brendan Flynn, 2000. “Is local truly better? Some reflections on sharing environmental policy between local governments and the EU,” European Environment, Vol.10, pp.75-84.
Camilla Adelle, Julia Hertin, Andrew Jordan, 2006. “Sustainable development outside the European Union: what role for impact assessment?”, European Environment, Vol.16, p.57-72.
David Gibbs, Andy Jonas, Aidan While, 2002. “Changing governance structures and the environment: economy-environment relations at the local and regional scales”, Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, Vol.4, pp.123-138.
Duncan Liefferink, Andrew Jordan, 2005. “An ever closer union of national policy? The convergence of national environmental policy in the European Union,” European Environment, Vol.15, pp.102-113.
Elisa Morgera, Gracia Marín Durán, 2006. “The 2005 UN World Summit, the Environment and the Role of the EU: Priorities, Promises and Prospects”, Review of European Community & International Environmental Law, Vol.15, pp.11-22.
Jon Burchell, Simon Lightfoot, 2004. “Leading the way? The European Union at the WSSD”, European Environment, Vol.14, pp.331-341.
Jonatan Pinkse, 2007. “Corporate intentions to participate in emission trading”, Business Strategy and the Environment, Vol.16, pp.12-25.
Kerstin Tews, 2005. “The diffusion of environmental policy innovations: cornerstones of an analytical framework European Environment”, European Environment, Vol.15, pp.63-79.
Maarten J. Arentsen, Hans Th.A. Bressers, Laurence J. O'Toole Jr., 2000. “Institutional and Policy Responses to Uncertainty in Environmental Policy: A Comparison of Dutch and U.S. Styles”, Policy Studies Journal, Vol.28, pp. 597-611.
Matthieu Glachant, 2001. “The need for adaptability in EU environmental policy design and implementation European Environment,” European Environment,Vol.11, pp.239-249.
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Oberthur, Sebastien, 1999. “The EU as an international actor: the protection of the ozone layer’s”, Journal of Common Market Studies, pp.641-659.
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Simon Lightfoot, Jon Burchell, 2005. “The European Union and the World Summit on Sustainable Development: Normative Power Europe in Action?”, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol.43, pp.75-95.
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Yoram Krozer, Andries Nentjes, 2008. “Environmental Policy and Innovations,” Business Strategy and the Environment, Vol.17, pp.219-229.
(三) 官方資料、網路資料

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