|| The title of the thesis is〝 Research on poetics of Ying Kui Lu Sui by Fang Hui〞.The main purpose is to clarify the myth of evaluation about 〝Ying Kui Lu Sui〞for all ancient and modern scholars had. The description as follows: the essayists of Qing- dynasty have a polarization of the book. The polarization is resulted from the different recognition of poems essayists take, and also affects the evaluation of the poems. And modern scholars have the myth of judging what is the best school on researching the book chronically. The scholars defend the thoughts tenaciously, and show preference for understanding the previous poems without minding the precondition and criterion may be existed in the discussion. The thesis intends to develop the issue through the comments of Qing-dynasty scholars and the modern investigation. Besides, the thesis doesn’t stereotype what is the best school, it will construct the context within the poetics of 〝Ying Kui Lu Sui〞 by Fang Hui objectively and honestly.
The thesis do the research in the structure of Foundationism and Functionalism、Creativitism、Criticism of poems. There are strong connections between the three theories but in vertical thinking. For the literature, what we recognize the foundation of the poem affects the creation and comment of it. If a good poet considers what is a good poem, then he will definitely practice and look forward to create a poem as good as that in his mind. Only after establishing the foundation of the poem, we can realize how chooser standardizes every issue of the creation according to the foundation. However, as a reader, we often evaluate the advantage and inferiority of every poem in a basis of the best poem in our mind. As a result, the recognition of the poem is the key point understanding the poetic view scholars own and let us believe the strong connection of the structure.
Scholars advance creative discuss about〝 the foundation of the poem〞 standing on 〝the times they exist〞. What we are going to find out is what kind of creative discuss about the foundation in the book 〝Ying Kui Lu Sui〞by Fang Hui? We deduce that Fang Hui recognize the foundation of the poem is blended with〝form and spirit〞by analyzing source books. But how do we realize the definition of this foundation? And as we know, the foundation is with corresponding function. We are also trying to find out what kind of function of a poem should has in his mind?
In creativitism, we should emphasis on the efforts and training during the creation process. We are going to find out what abilities a poet ought to have to create a good poem ordinarily. Furthermore, only through learning can achieve creation. So, the attitude and approach from the old research are the key point creating a good poem. Above-mentioned we are going to discuss in this article. Besides, we will reveal what is 〝the flexible rule〞by Fang Hui, and find out the skills he advocates when creating poems, and whether the skills are corresponding to that rule.
The essayists often judge other people’s creations in a basis of their recognition of the foundation of the poem and their creating experience. So, in criticism, we will survey how Fang Hui do the criticize and what rules he adopts. We find out a rule called〝classification, thought, and phraseology〞, and analyze the meaning of them. And then construct the interpretation and evaluation these two purposes to survey the criticism by Fang Hui.
Finally, we will integrate each viewpoint and bring up the ultimate explain, and reconstruct the poetic of 〝Ying Kui Lu Sui〞 by Fang Hui.