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系統識別號 U0002-2206200714430100
中文論文名稱 符合 QTI 標準的行動測驗平台
英文論文名稱 QTI compliant assessment system on Smartphone
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 劉義暐
研究生英文姓名 Yi-Wei Liu
學號 694190744
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-06-14
論文頁數 88頁
口試委員 指導教授-顏淑惠
共同指導教授-施國琛
委員-施國琛
委員-葉慶隆
中文關鍵字 行動裝置  遠距教學  測驗系統  智慧型手機 
英文關鍵字 Distance Learning  QTI  Smartphone  Mobile Learning 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 本論文擬採用行動測驗輔具供學生進行相關測驗活動,如試題之下載、測驗紀錄之同步化、學習評量回饋等。透過行動裝置、無線技術與試題間建立連結,受試者因此可遵循原有閱讀習慣與思考作答的行動環境,透過練習評量以檢視其學習成效,並能由行動裝置連結線上題庫以獲得試題,藉由反覆練習,以能充份瞭解評量之教材內涵並獲得完整之知識。為達到上述目標,我們將分析現有的研究工具、規劃可能的行動測驗模式、研究對象及場域、闡述我們的系統設計、規劃、分析支援教師與學習者的相關系統製作與數位平台設計。
英文摘要 This paper presents a QTI compliant assessment system developed on handheld devices such as Smartphone that consists of several major components to achieve a robust and sufficient mobile testing environment. The proposed system also takes account of the problems, assessment suspending and time-consuming process due to impermanent wireless connection and relatively weak computing power respectively. Therefore, through the implemented assessment download function and user’s behaviors tracking mechanism, the user can accomplish the required exams without considering the restriction of network status. The entire system includes the supporting of an Assessment Management System (AMS), and an exam reader on client platform both are based on web service technology.
論文目次 目 錄
第一章 緒論.............................................. 1
1.1 研究動機與目的................................... 1
1.2 系統簡介......................................... 2
1.3 論文組織架構..................................... 3
第二章 相關資料與研究.................................... 6
2.1 IMS QTI 架構介紹................................. 6
2.2 相關文獻......................................... 8
2.3 QTI ASI (Assessment,Section,Item) Model ....... 14
2.4 Result Reporting ................................ 17
2.5 Content Packaging ............................... 18
2.6 QTI 題型範例介紹................................ 21
第三章 QTI 行動裝置測驗系統.............................. 34
3.1 行動測驗系統架構................................ 34
3.2 行動裝置的特性.................................. 34
3.2.1 Pocket PC 行動測驗裝置........................ 35
3.2.2 Smartphone 行動測驗裝置....................... 36
3.3 行動裝置限制討論................................ 37
3.4 行動裝置測驗平台元件............................ 40
3.5 題型分析模組(Analysis Exam Model) ............. 44
3.6 循環出題模式.................................... 46
3.7 建立網路服務架構................................ 48
3.8 QTI 行動裝置測驗系統人性化設計.................. 49
3.8.1 題目呈現機制.................................. 49
3.8.2 測驗時間紀錄.................................. 51
3.8.3 即時回饋機制.................................. 52
3.8.4 錯誤試題即時瀏覽.............................. 52
第四章 QTI 行動裝置測驗系統實作與設計.................... 54
4.1 系統開發工具.................................... 54
4.1.1 Microsoft .NET Framework ..................... 54
4.1.2 Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2005 ............. 55
4.1.3 .NET Compact Framework ........................ 56
4.1.4 Smartphone Mobile 5 模擬器.................... 58
4.1.5 Microsoft ActiveSync .......................... 60
4.1.6 行動平台資料庫-ADO.NET 元件 DataSet .......... 61
4.1.7 Web Service ................................... 62
4.2 QTI 行動裝置實做- 以 Smartphone 為實做平台..... 63
4.2.1 Smartphone 題目呈現機制....................... 67
4.2.2 測驗時間與暫停機制............................ 68
4.3 QTI 行動裝置實做-AMS 與資料庫設計.............. 71
第五章 結論與未來展望................................... 74
5.1 結論與貢獻...................................... 74
5.2 未來展望........................................ 75
參考文獻................................................ 76
附錄 英文論文........................................... 79


圖 目 錄
圖2.1 考試系統的組成圖................................. 7
圖2.2 實體架構........................................ 12
圖2.3 實做結果問卷統計................................ 13
圖2.4 主要的ASI 資料結構.............................. 15
圖2.5 QTI 資料模型.................................... 17
圖2.6 主要的Result Reporting 資料結構................. 18
圖2.7 QTI Content package ............................. 21
圖2.8 Assessment item XML ............................. 22
圖2.9 Single choice ................................... 23
圖2.10 Multiple choice ................................. 23
圖2.11 Order ........................................... 24
圖2.12 Associate ....................................... 25
圖2.13 Match ........................................... 25
圖2.14 Gap Match ....................................... 26
圖2.15 Inline choice ................................... 27
圖2.16 Text entry ...................................... 27
圖2.17 Extend text ..................................... 28
圖2.18 Hot text ........................................ 28
圖2.19 Hot spot ........................................ 29
圖2.20 Select point .................................... 30
圖2.21 Graphic order ................................... 30
圖2.22 Graphic associate ............................... 31
圖2.23 Graphic gap match ............................... 32
圖2.24 Position object ................................. 32
圖2.25 Slider .......................................... 33
圖3.1 目前一般Pocket PC 規格......................... 36
圖3.2 目前一般Smarthpone 規格........................ 37
圖3.3 行動裝置與AMS 架構圖........................... 38
圖3.4 行動測驗平台元件示意圖.......................... 43
圖3.5 Analysis Exam Model ............................. 46
圖3.6 循環式出題分析模型.............................. 47
圖3.7 網路服務與各系統的架構圖........................ 49
圖3.8 Item Display .................................... 50
圖3.9 Item Full Screen ................................ 50
圖3.10 Time Stop ....................................... 51
圖3.11 Evaluation Topic ................................ 52
圖3.12 Review Wrong Item ............................... 53
圖4.1 Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2005 ............... 56
圖4.2 Creating Smart Device Application ............... 56
圖4.3 .NET Compact Framework 平台架構................. 58
圖4.4 SmartPhone 模擬器 與 Pocket PC 模擬器........... 59
圖4.5 Microsoft ActiveSync ............................ 61
圖4.6 ADO.NET 架構.................................... 62
圖4.7 登入首頁與測驗資訊說明.......................... 65
圖4.8 QTI 行動測驗平台題型展示........................ 66
圖4.9 題目最大化與時間暫停機制........................ 68
圖4.10 測驗結果回饋與錯誤題目回顧...................... 69
圖4.11 程式流程圖...................................... 71
圖4.12 測驗學習結果資料庫.............................. 72
圖4.13 資料庫表單示意圖................................ 73
參考文獻 [1] Segall, N., Doolen, T. L.& Porter, J. L., (2004). A usability comparison of PDA-based quizzes and paper-and-pencil quizzes. Computers & Education.
[2] Savill-Smith, C., Kent, P. (2003). The use of palmtop computers for learning.Learning and Skills Development Agency. UK.
[3] Sa, M & Carrico, L. (2006). Handheld Devices for cooperative Educational Activities. In Proceedings of SAC'06, ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, Mobile Computing and Applications Track, Dijon, France, pp. 1145-1149
[4] S. Bull and E. Broady. (1997)"Spontaneous Peer Tutoring from Sharing Student Models", Proceedings of Artificial Intelligence in Education, IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp. 143-150.
[5] Ho, R. G & Yen, Y. C.(2005).Design and Evaluation of an XML-Based Platform-Independent Computerized Adaptive Testing System.Education, IEEE Transactions on Volume 48,Issue 2, May 2005 Page(s):230 – 237
[6] Shim, S.S.Y.& Yen-Jen L(2002). “Interactive TV: VoD meets IEEE the Internet Computer , Volume: 35 , Issue: 7 , July 2002 Pages:108 – 109
[7] Seaborne A. (2004), RDQL – A Query Language for RDF. , http://www.w3.org/Submission/RDQL/. World Wide Web,
[8] S. Bull (2003), "User Modelling and Mobile Learning", User Modeling 2003: 9th International Conference, Springer- Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2003, pp.383-387.
[9] Bull, S. & Yanchun Cui & McEvoy, A.T. & Reid, E. & Wei Yang.(2004), Roles for mobile learner models. Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education, 2004. Proceedings. The 2nd IEEE International Workshop on 2004 Page(s):124 – 128
[10] Garcia, R., J. Blat, et al. (2004). Supporting Usability and Reusability Based on eLearning Standards. Fourth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT'04), Joensuu, ICALT.
[11] Learning Resource Meta-data Specification,IMS Global Learning Consortium, Inc.(2001), http://www.imsglobal.org/metadata/index.cfm/
[12] IMS Question & Test Interoperability (2002), IMS Global Learning Consortium, Inc., http://www.imsglobal.org.
[13] IMS Question and Test Interoperability Implementation Guide, Version 2.0 Final Specification, http://www.imsglobal.org/question/qti_v2p0/imsqti_implv 2p0.html
[14] Microsoft MSDN Taiwan,http://www.microsoft.com/taiwan/msdn/default.mspx
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