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中文論文名稱 知識獲取、吸收能力與創新能力關聯性之研究
英文論文名稱 A Study on the Relationships among Knowledge Acquisition, Absorptive Capacity and Innovation Capability.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 管理科學研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Management Science
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 崔廣安
研究生英文姓名 Kuang-An Tsui
學號 694560607
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-06-01
論文頁數 98頁
口試委員 指導教授-廖述賢
共同指導教授-劉士仙
委員-游佳萍
委員-胡守任
委員-費吳琛
中文關鍵字 知識管理  吸收能力  知識獲取  創新能力 
英文關鍵字 Knowledge Management  Knowledge Acquisition  Absorptive Capacity  Innovation capability 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
中文摘要 現今企業所處之環境變化快速,大幅所短了組織核心資源的壽命,企業已無長期的競爭優勢。所以一企業必須不斷地進行市場破壞,透過知識創新,提高創新能力(innovation capability)才能夠維繫其競爭優勢。然而創新必須依賴大量的知識基礎,而企業的知識來源來自於企業內部與外部,也因此企業吸收外部知識的吸收能力(absorptive capacity)與知識獲取(knowledge acquisition)顯然與企業的創新能力息息相關。
因此,本研究主要在探討知識獲取、吸收能力、與創新能力在製造業與金融業中所造成的影響。以天下雜誌所公佈1000大製造業與100大金融為母體,製造業有效問卷227,金融業135份,共計回收有效問卷362份,透過線性結構化方程式模型將知識獲取、吸收能力、與創新能力之間的關聯性影響進行實證分析。本研究透過競爭模式發展,完全中介模式、部份中介模式與直接模式,結果發現完全中介模式為最佳模式,並且發現吸收能力為知識獲取與創新能力的中介變項,知識獲取的效果,必須透過吸收能力的中介才會對於創新能力有顯著的影響。而吸收能力係對創新能力具顯著的正向影響。
本研究發現完全中介模式為兩產業的最佳模式,因此以完全中介模式為基底模式,利用多群體分析,發現吸收能力與創新能力的關係,會受到不同產業的調節。
英文摘要 This study investigates the roles of knowledge absorptive capacity, knowledge acquisition and innovation capability in finance and manufacture industries. Based on the sample from 1000 manufacture and 100 financial industries in Taiwan and 362 valid questionnaires, we use structure equation model to confirm the relationships among absorptive capacity, knowledge acquisition and innovation capability. The results indicate that the absorptive capacity is the mediation between knowledge acquisition and innovation capability. It also proves that knowledge acquisition has positive effect on absorptive capacity. Furthermore, the full mediated model is the best model in two kinds of industries in this paper,. Finally, we use multi-group approach and found industry is a moderator between absorptive capacity and innovation capability.
論文目次 目錄
摘要......................................................I
Abstract................................................III
表目錄...................................................IV
表目錄...................................................IX
圖目錄...................................................XI
第一章 緒論..............................................1
1.1研究背景與動機.........................................1
1.2 研究目的..............................................2
1.3 研究流程..............................................3
第二章 文獻探討...........................................5
2.1吸收能力之定義.........................................5
2.1.1吸收能力...........................................5
2.1.2吸收能力的衡量....................................12
2.1.3結論..............................................17
2.2 知識獲取.............................................18
2.2.1知識獲取之定義....................................18
2.2.2知識獲取的衡量....................................19
2.2.3 結論.............................................22
2.3創新能力..............................................22
2.3.1創新能力之定義......................................22
2.3.2創新能力的衡量......................................25
2.3.3結論 ................................................32
2.4研究假設..............................................32
2.4.1吸收能力與創新能力..................................32
2.4.2知識獲取與創新能力..................................34
2.4.3知識獲取與吸收能力..................................35
2.4.4 吸收能力之中介效果.................................36
2.4.5 產業別之調節效果...................................36
2.5概念性架構............................................37
第三章 研究方法..........................................41
3.1研究架構..............................................41
3.2操作型定義與變數衡量..................................41
3.2.1吸收能力............................................42
3.2.2知識獲取............................................42
3.2.3創新能力............................................42
3.2.4個人變項............................................43
3.3研究對象..............................................43
3.4問卷預試與信效度分析..................................47
3.4.1系統性偏誤..........................................47
3.4.2信效度分析..........................................48
3.5資料分析方法..........................................50
第四章 資料分析..........................................53
4.1敘述性統計分析........................................53
4.2測量模型分析..........................................55
4.2.1信度分析............................................55
4.2.2驗證性因素分析模型..................................56
4.2.3二階驗證性因素分析..................................58
4.2.4建構信度(construct reliability)...................59
4.2.5收斂效度(Converge Reliability)......................59
4.2.6各構面之區辨效度分析(Discriminant validity).........60
4.3相關分析..............................................61
4.4結構化模型方程式......................................63
4.4.1競爭模型與模型配適度分析............................63
4.4.2研究假設檢定........................................65
第五章 結論與建議........................................75
5.1研究結論..............................................75
5.2研究貢獻..............................................76
5.3管理實務意涵..........................................78
5.4未來研究方向與研究限制................................81
參考文獻.................................................84
一、中文文獻.............................................84
二、英文文獻.............................................85
附錄一:本研究正式問卷...................................95

表目錄
表 2.1吸收能力的概念與相關議題研究彙整....................6
表 2.2 2002年後吸收能力相關研究..........................10
表 2.3吸收能力之彙整.....................................13
表 2.4創新能力衡量與分類.................................30
表 3.1製造業問卷發放對象.................................44
表 3.2金融業問卷發放對象.................................46
表 3.3各構面之信度分析...................................49
表 4.1受測資料表.........................................53
表 4.2各構面之平均數、標準差、偏勢與峰度.................54
表 4.3正式問卷構面Cronbach’s α值........................55
表 4.4各配適指標.........................................57
表 4.5二階驗證性因素分析各配適指標.......................59
表 4.6建構信度與收歛效度表...............................60
表 4.7區辨效度表.........................................61
表 4.8相關矩陣...........................................62
表 4.9競爭模式表.........................................64
表 4.10直接效果與間接效果................................65
表 4.11路徑檢定表........................................66
表 4.12製造業之相關矩陣..................................69
表 4.13金融業之相關矩陣..................................70
表 4.14製造業完全中介模式配適指標........................71
表 4.15金融業完全中介模式配適指標........................71
表 4.16不同產業別之路徑檢定表............................71
表 4.17結構恆等性檢定....................................73
表 4.18因素負荷量恆等檢定................................73
表 4.19潛在路徑參數檢定..................................74
表 5.1 研究假設與驗證結果彙整表..........................76

圖目錄
圖 1.1研究流程圖..........................................4
圖 2.1研究地圖...........................................40
圖 3.1 研究架構圖........................................41
圖 4.1研究架構路徑圖.....................................64
圖 4.2最適化模式之路徑圖.................................67



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