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系統識別號 U0002-2202201100565600
中文論文名稱 每股盈餘與股價報酬在負債比率變化下非線 性關聯研究–縱橫平滑移轉迴歸模型之應用
英文論文名稱 The Non-linear Relationship between Earning per Share and Stock Return under Variations in Debt Ratio—Application of Panel Smooth Transition Regression Model
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 財務金融學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Banking and Finance
學年度 99
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 黃紹彥
研究生英文姓名 Shau-Yan Huang
學號 797530374
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-12-27
論文頁數 43頁
口試委員 指導教授-聶建中
指導教授-姚蕙芸
委員-林建甫
委員-聶建中
委員-王友珊
委員-陳達新
委員-姚蕙芸
中文關鍵字 縱橫平滑移轉迴歸模型  每股盈餘  股價報酬  負債比率 
英文關鍵字 PSTR Model  Earning per Share  stock Return  Debt Ratio 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討我國上市(櫃)公司之每股盈餘對股價報酬在負債比率變化下是否存在縱橫平滑移轉效果,嘗試運用Gonza′lez, Teräsvirta and Dijk(2004, 2005)之縱橫平滑移轉迴歸模型,驗證每股盈餘對股價報酬在負債比率變化下存在縱橫平滑移轉效果,使得負債比率對股價報酬的影響變化呈現非線性關係,進而對於股價報酬受控制變數的影響進行評估與衡量。
實證結果發現,每股盈餘對股價報酬在負債比率變化下確實存在縱橫平滑移轉效果及非線性關係。研究中發現在負債比率為32.8553%時發生結構性變化,即產生一轉換區間,轉換速度為0.0058156,使得模型在轉換門檻值附近形成一平滑的轉換過程。
控制變數對股價報酬之影響方面,每股盈餘對股票報酬,在負債比率高於或低於32.8553%時,影響結果一致,皆呈現負相關,惟其影響程度不同,高於門檻值之影響程度較低於門檻值之影響程度大。股利率對股票報酬之影響結果亦相當一致,呈現顯著正相關,但當負債比率大於門檻值32.8553%時,股利率對股票報酬之影響程度降低。而移轉變數負債比率本身對股票報酬之影響,實證結果顯示兩者無顯著關係。因此,預計建議投資人擬定投資策略時,不能僅視每股盈餘很高,就盲目地大量長期投資,仍需多參考公司財務面的相關資訊(如:負債比率等),投資人可參考本文結論,對照自身的投資組合,擬定適當的投資策略。
英文摘要 The aim of this study is to investigate the non-linear relationship between earning per share and stock return under variations in level of the debt ratio. We examine the smooth transition effect of the EPS on the stock price by applying Gonza'lez, Teräsvirta and Dijk’s (2004, 2005) panel smooth transition regression model and using debt ratio as the transition variable. The confirmation of the nonlinear effect can further be accurately utilized for evaluating and measuring the impact of certain control variables considered on the stock return.
We empirically find that there does exist a panel smooth transition effect on stock return when the level of debt ratio is 32.8553% with a fairly smoothed coefficient of the speed of transition as 0.0058156.
The overall findings for those nonlinear effects of control variables on stock return are described as follows. The EPS shows the same negative impacts on the stock return no matter it is higher or lower than the threshold value of 32.8553% for the debt ratio. However, the magnitude of the impact is larger in the higher region of debt ratio. On the other hand, the impacts of dividend payout ratio on stock return are positive for both regions, whereas with relatively smaller impact under the higher debt ratio region. The other interesting finding is that the transition variable shows no significant impact on the stock return under both regions.
Our empirically results provide valuable suggestions to the investors that one should not long his position merely based on the EPS. Whereas consulting the related financial information (e.g., debt ratio) of the firms and referring the conclusion of this study might be more appropriate when doing asset allocation and invest strategy setting.
論文目次 目錄

第一章 緒論.................................1
第一節 研究背景與動機.......................1
第二節 研究目的.............................3
第三節 研究架構.............................4

第二章 文獻探討 ............................6
第一節 盈餘宣告後股價持續反應...............6
第二節 盈餘與股價之關係.....................9
第三節 負債與股價之關係.....................13

第三章 研究方法.............................15
第一節 縱橫單根檢定.........................15
第二節 縱橫平滑移轉迴歸模型.................18
第三節 縱橫平滑移轉迴歸模型之設定...........23

第四章 實證結果與分析.......................29
第一節 各變數之基本敘述統計分析.............29
第二節 縱橫單根檢定之實證結果...............31
第三節 負債比率對股票報酬之平滑移轉效果.....33

第五章 結論與建議...........................38
第一節 結論.................................38
第二節 未來研究建議.........................39

參考文獻.....................................40

表目錄

表 4-1-1 各變數基本統計量....................30
表 4-2-1 各變數原始序列之單根檢定............32
表 4-3-1 負債比率對股價報酬之同質性檢定......33
表 4-3-2負債比率對股價報酬之轉換區間個數檢定.34
表 4-3-3負債比率對股票報酬之模型估計結果.....35
表 4-3-4負債比率對股票報酬模型中解釋變數之影
響...................................37

圖目錄

圖1-1-1 發放現金股利及股票分割之股價變化.....1
圖1-1-2 公司負債比率與每股盈餘之關係.........2
圖1-3-1 研究流程圖...........................5
圖3-2-1 m = 1之轉換模型.....................21
圖3-2-2 m = 2之轉換模型.....................22
圖4-3-1負債比率對股票報酬之轉換函數..........36


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陳君達、洪福彬、陳達新與林欣和(2008),可轉換公司債發行動機:連續融資假說之實證,經濟與管理論第2期, 2008
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葉金成、李冠豪,盈餘與股價因果關係之實證研究,當代會計,2(1),17-38 頁,2001
張鴻基,台灣地區股票上市公司每季盈餘時間數列特性及資訊內容之研究,國立台灣大學商學研究所未出版碩士論文,1984
鄭慧文,「季盈餘宣告對股價之影響」,私立中原大學會計學研究所碩士論文,1999
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賴藝文,公司股票價格、每股盈餘與隱含價格之追蹤資料分析:以1957年來皆存在S&P500的公司為例,雲林科技大學管理研究所博士班,2009
戴伶仴,「處分效果與盈餘宣告後異常報酬續航效應」,國立中正大學會計與資訊科技所碩士論文,2007
薄榮瑩,「散戶交易與盈餘宣告後股價持續反應之關係」,臺灣大學財務金融學研究所碩士論文,2008


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