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系統識別號 U0002-2106201121322800
中文論文名稱 軍事威脅與經濟成長
英文論文名稱 Military Threat and Economic Growth
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Economics
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 張嘉銘
研究生英文姓名 Chia-Ming Chang
學號 698570131
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2011-06-01
論文頁數 29頁
口試委員 指導教授-莊希豐
委員-胡春田
委員-陳智華
中文關鍵字 內生成長  軍事威脅  軍事支出 
英文關鍵字 endogenous growth  foreign military threat  military expenditure 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學經濟學
中文摘要 本文主要在探討軍事威脅對經濟體系的影響力,利用Shieh et al. (2007) 的內生成長模型作為基礎,在生產函數方面則是納入國外軍事威脅來作考量。發現國內軍事支出的增加對經濟成長有幫助,這是因為國內軍備存量對民間部門的生產有正的外部效果,提供廠商一個穩定的投資環境,還可以嚇阻敵對國家的侵略。而國外軍事威脅程度愈高對經濟成長愈不利,這是因為我們在生產函數中只討論國外軍事威脅對生產有負面的管道,而且國外軍事威脅程度愈高,廠商的投資意願愈低,故國外軍事威脅和經濟成長成現負相關的結果。由以上可知,軍事在經濟成長中扮演著重要的角色,且國外軍事對我國有何種影響有進一步討論的空間。






英文摘要 This paper attempts to examine the effect of the level of foreign military threat on the steady-state growth rate. The modeling strategy follows the viewpoints of Sandler and Hartley (1995) and Shieh et al. (2007) to emphasize the role of national defense in affecting economic growth from the perspective of both the demand and the supply sides. We thus combine the foreign military threat with production function, assuming that foreign military threat is a negative function of domestic production. It is found that higher domestic military expenditure enhances economic growth but higher level of foreign threat reduces growth.
論文目次 目 錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
第一節 軍備存量與效用函數 5
第二節 國內軍事支出和經濟成長 6
第三節 國外軍事威脅與經濟成長 8
第三章 模型設定 10
第一節 基本模型設定 10
第二節 均衡與比較靜態 13
第四章 恆定狀態下的國內、外軍事與經濟成長關係之分析 18
第一節 國內軍事支出與經濟成長的關係 18
第二節 國外軍事威脅與經濟成長的關係 20
第五章 結論 23
參考文獻 25

圖目錄
圖一 中華民國國防支出預算 3


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