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系統識別號 U0002-2106200713380700
中文論文名稱 影響美國財務會計準則第142號公報商譽減損之會計決策因素及市場反應
英文論文名稱 Determinants of goodwill impairments and stock price behaviour around announcements of write-offs.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 會計學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Accounting
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 呂沛霖
研究生英文姓名 Pei-Lin Lu
學號 694470161
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-06-27
論文頁數 62頁
口試委員 指導教授-曹嘉玲
委員-林維珩
委員-劉正田
委員-曹嘉玲
中文關鍵字 商譽  減損損失  盈餘管理  資訊內涵 
英文關鍵字 goodwill  impairments  earning management  information content 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學商學
中文摘要 美國於2001年6月發佈SFAS No.142: Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets公報,此號公報對於商譽評價有重大規定,商譽不再適用預計耐用年限之攤銷方式,而是做商譽減損測試。本研究分為兩部份,首先探討美國上市公司是否利用採用142號公報之時間點來達到盈餘管理之目的,因不再針對商譽作攤銷之會計處理,提早採用142號公報對公司之盈餘影響有可能為正向,也有可能為負向,本研究發現公司若提早採用此公報所造成的損益影響為正數時接近違反債務契約之公司,經理人會較傾向提早採用該公報,符合債務契約假說;此外,本文發現公司若採用此公報所造成的損益影響為負數時,會有洗大澡的情形,而提早採用142號公報;另外,本研究亦發現當公司有高階經理人變動時,公司會傾向提早採用142號公報。第二部分在探討美國上市公司是否利用認列商譽減損金額之大小來達到盈餘管理之目的,在延後採用該公報的公司方面,本研究發現接近違反債務契約之公司,經理人會傾向認列較小之商譽減損損失,若經理人有以財務績效為衡量之紅利時,會傾向認列較小之商譽減損損失;此外,不論提早或是延後採用的公司,皆有洗大澡及損益平穩化的現象。第三部分在探討商譽減損對市場反應之影響,研究結果顯示,當商譽減損皆視為非預期時,不論提早或是延後採用的公司,皆與股價呈現顯著負相關,而將商譽減損分為預期及非預期時,亦皆與股價呈現顯著負相關。總而言之本文之研究結果具體發現公司採用142號公報之時間點及認列商譽減損金額之大小,受到盈餘管理之動機影響,商譽減損對市場反應有著負向關係。
英文摘要 In June 2001, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.” The provisions of the pronouncement are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2001, with early adoption encouraged. Under SFAS No. 142, goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are not amortized, but instead are tested for impairment at least annually. The first objective of the study is to examine the managers’ adoption timing choice is associated with various earnings management motives. The empirical results reveal that firms that are close to violate their debt covenants are more likely to adopt early, if the adoption results in an increase in earnings, consistent with the debt/equity hypothesis. In addition, we found that firms with a negative effect of adoption on earnings and unfavorable earnings performance in the year of adoption tend to adopt early in an attempt to take a “big bath”, and that early adopting firms are more likely to experience a higher incidence of change in senior management in the year of adoption than do late adopters. The second objective of the study is to investigate whether reporting incentives determine the magnitude of goodwill write-offs. Specifically, for the late adopting sample, the paper documents that the level of goodwill write-offs is relatively smaller for more highly leveraged firms. We also found that late adopting firms with management compensation schemes directly tied to income also tend to record a smaller amount of goodwill impairment loss and act in a manner consistent with either “big bath” or “smoothing” behavior. Taken together, the findings imply that the adoption timing choice of SFAS No. 142 and the magnitude of goodwill write-offs are associated with various earnings management motives. The third objective of the study is to examine the influence of impairment declaration on American stock market. The results find that cumulative abnormal returns are negatively associated with both the expected portion and unexpected portion of asset write-offs for early and late adoption firms. this study finds that the stock market appears to respond to the impairment announcement negatively.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 2
第三節 研究目的 4
第四節 預期貢獻 4
第五節 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 代理理論 7
第二節 實證會計理論 11
第三節 資產減損與盈餘管理相關文獻 14
第四節 資產減損與市場價值相關文獻 17
第三章 研究方法 19
第一節 研究假說 19
第二節 研究模型及變數定義 22
第三節 研究方法分析 33
第四節 研究期間、樣本選取與資料來源 39
第四章 實證結果與分析 42
第一節 單變量分析 42
第二節 多變量實證結果與分析 47
第三節 敏感性分析 55
第五章 研究結論、限制與後續研究建議 57
第一節 研究結論 57
第二節 研究限制 58
第三節 後續研究建議 58
參考文獻 59
一、中文文獻 59
二、英文文獻 59
表目錄
【表3-1】樣本公司產業結構分布 40
【表3-2】142號公報商譽減損適用當年度之樣本選取 41
【表4-1】142號公報採用時間點之單變量分析 43
【表4-2】模型(2)單變量檢定-提早採用公司 45
【表4-3】模型(2)單變量檢定-延後採用公司 46
【表4-4】影響採用142號公報時間點之因素 49
【表4-5】影響商譽減損損失認列金額大小之因素 50
【表4-6】影響商譽減損損失認列之因素 51
【表4-7】宣告商譽減損前後之平均異常報酬 52
【表4-8】商譽減損宣告對股票市場的影響-提早採用公司 53
【表4-9】商譽減損宣告對股票市場的影響-延後採用公司 54
圖目錄
【圖1-1】研究步驟及流程圖 6
【圖3-1】觀察期、估計期與事件期 36

參考文獻 一、中文文獻
吳清在、謝宛庭,2005,「認列資產減損時點與金額之決定因素及其市場反應」,國立成功大學會計研究所博士論文。
陳和隆,2002,「企業合併及相關無形資產之國際會計規範與財報彙整」,私立元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
曹美娟,2006,「我國企業資產減損之資訊內涵與決定因素研究」,國立台北大學會計研究所博士論文。
黃聖凱,2004,「長期性資產價值減損與股票報酬率相關性之研究」,國立台灣大學會計學研究所碩士論文。
黃樹傑,2004,「商譽減損會計處理改變對台灣企業併購活動之影響探討」,國立交通大學高階管理學程碩士論文。
薑宏青,2003,「商譽信息的披露研究」,中國經濟評論,第三卷第八期,頁262-266。
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