|| The Hakka people have their social position in Taiwan. Their origin and immigration history have long become the subject for academic study. The main purposes of this thesis are to explore the festival culture, the development of festival culture of the Hakka people after they came to Taiwan, and we pay special attention to the relationship between dietary tradition and festival, and their effects on the material daily life activities such as diet, clothing, housing, transportation, and on the spiritual daily life such as education and recreation.In the process of the transition of history, there are 2 activities occurring simultaneously, one is the material civilization and the other spiritual civilization, which lead to the formation of culture. Festival culture is the combination of natural and human activity, which consists of many functions with colorful contents. Since the ancient time, festival has been given with special meaning, through the promulgation of the rules of rite, the festival activities would be carried out according to tradition. The dietary tradition in the festival has special meaning to the development of festival. Dietary culture evolved with the daily life of human being, different dynasties and people all have their unique dietary culture, so they deserve our study.
Chapter 1: Introduction, which describes the motivation, objective, the source of reference, research method, and the value and development of this thesis.
Chapter 2: To analyze the forming factors of festival characteristics, the changes occurring from agricultural society to industrial society, and from literature review, we know that the earlier rites were closely related with ancestor saluting activity, and legend always adds spiritual meaning to festival, and the recreational activities during the festival always make people expect, and excite, all of these lead to the continuous development and expansion of the festival activity.
Chapter 3: From the Chinese festival and dietary tradition, we explore the origin of traditional festival, its historical background and time meaning, and tradition is the important component of culture. From literature review, we know the evolutions of festival and its special characteristics during different dynasties. Dietary tradition during festival is another topic of this study, which would lead festival activity to its highlight.
Chapter 4: The description of the Hakka people in Taiwan, to explore their origin and immigration history to Taiwan, and their present distribution in Taiwan.
Chapter 5: To know the characteristics of the Hakka people in Taiwan, and to study the daily dietary behavior and food materials of the Hakka people. Among them, the “Pan Lei” or rice-based food is the key point of this chapter.
Chapter 6: The main theme of this study “Study on the festival and dietary culture of the Hakka people in Taiwan”. Based on the forming factors of the origin of the Chinese festival, to explore in depth the characteristics and development of Hakka festival, which include the dietary tradition and the difference between the daily life dietary tradition and festival dietary tradition of the Hakka people.
Chapter 7: To analyze the characteristics of Hakka festival and dietary tradition, to study the meaning of festival tradition and it’s cultural background; to explore the application and selection of food during festival, for example, the food used during rite, to escape evil god , or pray for son, etc.
Chapter 8: Conclusion, the result of this study. To describe the relationship between festival and such material life factors as diet, clothing, housing, transportation, and spiritual life such as education and recreation. The restraint factors and shortcomings of this study are also included, in order to serve as useful reference for further study.