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系統識別號 U0002-2101201911184400
中文論文名稱 以不同高級氧化程序及加藥形式處理含雙酚A水溶液之反應行為研究
英文論文名稱 Study on the reaction behavior of aqueous solution containing Bisphenol A by different Advanced Oxidation Process and Dosing Forms.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 水資源及環境工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
學年度 107
學期 1
出版年 108
研究生中文姓名 王怡璇
研究生英文姓名 Yi-Syuan Wang
學號 606480092
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2019-01-03
論文頁數 202頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳俊成
共同指導教授-申永順
委員-李柏青
委員-鄭耀文
中文關鍵字 高級氧化處理  過氧化氫  雙酚A  Fenton  Photo-Fenton  批次系統  半批次系統 
英文關鍵字 Advanced oxidation processes  hydrogen peroxide  Bisphenol A  Fenton  Photo-Fenton  batch system  semi-batch system 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學環境工程
中文摘要 高級氧化程序常用以處理難分解且濃度低的汙染物,因此該程序常會有過量使用氧化劑的問題。因此如何提高氧化劑的利用率,以減少氧化劑的使用,以節省成本及減少放流水內殘留氧化劑對生態的破壞,是應用高級氧化程序的重要課題。本研究比較以批次與半批次系統,進行以UV/H2O2與Fenton、Photo Fenton程序處理BPA,研究其最佳光催化效率,並探討光化學動力模式,以得出最好氧化劑利用率。
研究結果顯示四種氧化程序對於 BPA 之去除皆有顯著效果,然 Photo Fenton系統之去除效率為四種程序裡最佳的。光強度於三種程序皆呈現強度愈強其去除BPA效果愈佳之趨勢,顯示提高UV光穿透水溶液之能力可更快促使氧化劑產生自由基以去除污染物,然於UV/H2O2半批次系統中可改善批次系統的氧化劑利用率。BPA初始濃度會影響UV光催化氧化劑及亞鐵離子與過氧化氫碰撞機率,高濃度的BPA間接導致氧化劑之催化反應受阻,使BPA之去除效率下降。最佳pH 值在UV/H2O2批次與半批次系統降解BPA為5;Fenton及Photo Fenton系統則為3。
在所有操作條件下,Photo Fenton系統對BPA去除效率及反應動力常數皆較Fenton系統佳,且兩種程序之半批次系統的BPA最終去除率亦較佳。經比較化學反應劑量利用率於各操作條件,顯示氧化劑去除BPA之利用程度亦受各操作因子影響。電能量損耗效益(EE/O)於氧化劑濃度愈高之情況下所需耗能愈低,然過高的氧化劑量對於降低電能損耗並無明顯幫助,且所有批次系統之EE/O皆低於半批次系統。光促進效應亦受各操作因子影響而有所不同,但其中影響最大的操作因子為pH值。氧化劑促進比較顯示Fenton和Photo Fenton系統皆有隨著H2O2倍率增加氧化劑促進效應越高的趨勢,且Photo Fenton系統效果比Fenton系統更佳。經比較四種程序後發現Photo Fenton 系統降解 BPA 的能力,即使在低劑量的氧化劑下仍明顯優於 UV/H2O2 批次與半批次系統。
英文摘要 When applying advanced oxidation process in treating hardly degraded pollutants with low concentration, one has to overcome the challenge from excess dose of oxidants induced cost concern and impact on natural waterbody by effluent oxidant residues. Therefore, how to improve oxidant utilization is concerned in AOPs application. This study intends to explore whether the dosing procedure can improve the utilization of the oxidant. This study compares the pollutant removal efficiency, oxidant utilization characterized as stoichiometric efficiencies(RSEs) and energy efficiency characterized as electrical energy per order(EE/O) of AOPs that include UV/H2O2, Fenton/Photo Fenton processes in both batch and semi-batch operations to obtain the optimal AOPs application in treating BPA solution with best oxidant utilization.
The considered parameters include applied UV or light intensity, initial BPA concentration and pH value. The experimental results show that all processes can effectively remove BPA, while the removal efficiency of the Photo-Fenton system is the best among the four processes. The stronger the light intensity the better BPA removal indicates the increased UV light intensity can penetrate more into BPA solution that prompts more generation of free radicals to react with BPA. For the UV/H2O2 process, the RSEs in semi-batch operation is improved when compared to batch operation. The initial concentration of BPA affects the UV photocatalytic oxidant generation. The high concentration of BPA indirectly leads to the inhibition of the catalytic reaction of oxidant, which reduces the BPA removal efficiency. The oxidant utilization in the semi-batch operation has been improved when compared with the batch operation. Regarding the pH effect in BPA removal by the studied AOPs, the best pH setting in both UV/H2O2 batch and semi-batch operation is at pH 5; while the Fenton and Photo-Fenton systems perform the best BPA removal at pH 3. Regardless of all operating conditions, the BPA removal efficiency and the reaction kinetics of the Photo-Fenton system were better than the Fenton system and the BPA removal capability of the semi-batch operation for both systems were improved compared with batch operation.
The more oxidant doze requires less energy to produce oxidants results in better energy efficiency, however excess oxidant doze does not improve energy efficiency significantly. In this study, the energy efficiency or EE/O of the batch operation are all lower than that of semi-batch operation indicates batch operation has better energy efficiency than the semi-batch operation. This study concludes that the semi-batch operation for various AOP systems can improve the oxidant utilization than the batch operation in the expense of more power consumption.
論文目次 圖目錄 IV
表目錄 XI
第一章 前言 1
1-1. 研究起源 1
1-2. 研究目的 3
1-3. 研究內容 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2-1. 環境荷爾蒙 (Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals, EDCS) 5
2-2. 高級氧化程序 (Advanced Oxidation Processes, AOPS) 6
2-3. 雙酚A (Bisphenol A, BPA) 之物化特性 9
2-4. 過氧化氫特性與應用 11
2-5. UV/H2O2 反應機制及相關研究彙整 12
2-6. UV/H2O2 程序操作因子之影響 21
2-6-1. pH之影響 21
2-6-2. H2O2 劑量之影響 24
2-6-3. 污染物濃度之影響 25
2-6-4. UV光強度之影響 26
2-7. 光化學反應動力模式 28
2-8. 硫酸亞鐵特性與應用 30
2-9. Fenton反應機制及相關研究彙整 31
2-10. Fenton程序操作因子之影響 38
2-10-1. pH 之影響 38
2-10-2. [Fe2+]/[H2O2]莫耳比率之影響 39
2-10-3. 污染物濃度之影響 41
2-10-4. H2O2濃度之影響 41
2-10-5. 溫度之影響 43
2-11. Photo-Fenton反應機制及相關研究彙整 44
2-12. Photo-Fenton程序操作因子之影響 50
2-12-1. pH 之影響 50
2-12-2 [Fe2+]/[H2O2]莫耳比率之影響 51
2-12-3 污染物初始濃度之影響 54
2-12-4 H2O2濃度之影響 54
2-12-5 UV光強度之影響 56
第三章 實驗材料與方法 57
3-1. 實驗設備 57
3-2. 實驗藥品及藥品配置 58
3-2-1. 實驗藥品 58
3-2-2. 雙酚A水溶液製備 59
3-2-3. 過氧化氫氧化劑儲存溶液製備 59
3-2-4. 硫酸亞鐵儲存溶液製備 59
3-2-5. 氧化劑殘餘量分析-碘定量法 59
3-3. 實驗裝置 60
3-4. 實驗方法 61
3-4-1. 實驗架構 61
3-4-2. 化學實驗流程 62
3-5. 分析測定方法 63
3-5-1. HPLC分析 63
3-5-2. 過氧化氫殘餘量測定-碘定量法 64
第四章 結果與討論 65
4-1. 背景實驗 65
4-1-1. 不照光實驗 65
4-1-2. 直接光解試驗 66
4-2. 以UV/H2O2程序降解含雙酚A水溶液之探討 67
4-2-1. 光強度效應 67
4-2-2. 汙染物初始濃度效應 80
4-2-3. 氧化劑加藥量效應 91
4-2-4. pH效應 120
4-3. 以Fenton及Photo-Fenton程序降解含雙酚A水溶液之探討 131
4-3-1. 光強度效應(only Photo-Fenton process) 132
4-3-2. 污染物初始濃度效應 134
4-3-3. 氧化劑加藥量效應 142
4-3-4. 鐵離子劑量效應 152
4-3-5. pH效應 160
4-3-6. 溫度效應(only Fenton process) 168
4-3-7. H2O2加藥流速 170
4-4. 各類AOPS處理含雙酚A水溶液比較 176
4-4-1. 光強度效應 177
4-4-2. 汙染物初始濃度效應 179
4-4-3. 氧化劑加藥量效應 181
4-4-4. pH效應 183
第五章 結論與建議 185
5-1. 結論 185
5-2. 建議 190
參考文獻 191

圖目錄
圖2- 1藉由UV光催化氧化劑並進行污染物之降解作用 8
圖2- 2由不同高級氧化技術產生氫氧自由基之機制 9
圖2- 3 UV/H2O2 去除 EDCs 機制圖 13
圖2- 4 Fenton反應示意圖 32
圖2- 5 Fenton用UV照射時發生的反應 45
圖3- 1光反應槽示意圖 60
圖3- 2整體實驗流程架構 61
圖3- 3雙酚A檢量線 63
圖4- 1 BPA = 20 ppm、molar ratio (BPA/H2O2) = 1:25時BPA之降解情形 65
圖4- 2 BPA = 20 mg/L、UV=5.96 mW/cm2,直接光解BPA之變化圖 66
圖4- 3 UV/H2O2系統中不同光強度降解BPA之變化圖 68
圖4- 4 UV/H2O2系統中不同光強度降解BPA之反應動力常數變化圖 68
圖4- 5 UV/H2O2系統中H2O2於不同光強度下之殘餘量變化圖 70
圖4- 6 UV/H2O2 系統中不同光強度下之瞬間利用率變化圖 70
圖4- 7 UV/H2O2 系統中不同光強度下之單位光強度利用率變化圖 71
圖4- 8 UV/H2O2 系統中不同光強度下之累積利用率變化圖 72
圖4- 9 UV/H2O2 系統中不同光強度所需之電耗能變化圖 73
圖4- 10 UV/H2O2 系統中實際投入水體之不同光強度所需電耗能變化圖 73
圖4- 11 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同光強度降解BPA之變化圖 74
圖4- 12 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同光強度降解BPA之反應動力常數變化圖 75
圖4- 13 UV/H2O2半批次系統中H2O2於不同光強度下之殘餘量變化圖 75
圖4- 14 UV/H2O2 半批次系統中不同光強度下之瞬間利用率變化圖 76
圖4- 15 UV/H2O2 半批次系統中不同光強度下之光瞬間利用率變化圖 77
圖4- 16 UV/H2O2 半批次系統中不同光強度下之累積利用率變化圖 77
圖4- 17 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同光強度所需之電耗能變化圖 78
圖4- 18 UV/H2O2半批次系統中實際投入水體之不同光強度所需電耗能變化圖 78
圖4- 19 UV/H2O2 系統中不同BPA初始濃度降解變化圖 82
圖4- 20 UV/H2O2 系統中不同BPA初始濃度之反應動力常數變化圖 82
圖4- 21 UV/H2O2 系統中H2O2於不同BPA初始濃度之殘餘量變化圖 83
圖4- 22 UV/H2O2 系統中不同BPA初始濃度之瞬間利用率變化圖 84
圖4- 23 UV/H2O2 系統中不同BPA初始濃度下之累積利用率變化圖 84
圖4- 24 UV/H2O2 系統中不同BPA初始濃度所需之電耗能變化圖 85
圖4- 25 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同BPA初始濃度降解之變化圖 86
圖4- 26 UV/H2O2 半批次系統中不同BPA初始濃度之反應動力常數變化圖 86
圖4- 27 UV/H2O2 半批次系統中H2O2於不同BPA初始濃度之殘餘量變化圖 87
圖4- 28 UV/H2O2 半批次系統中不同BPA初始濃度之瞬間利用率變化圖 88
圖4- 29 UV/H2O2 半批次系統中不同BPA初始濃度下之累積利用率變化圖 88
圖4- 30 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同BPA初始濃度所需之電耗能變化圖 89
圖4- 31 UV/H2O2系統中不同 H2O2 加藥量去除BPA之變化圖 92
圖4- 32 UV/H2O2系統中不同H2O2加藥量去除BPA之反應動力常數變化圖 93
圖4- 33 UV/H2O2系統中H2O2於不同氧化劑加藥量之殘餘量變化圖 94
圖4- 34 UV/H2O2系統中不同氧化劑加藥量之瞬間利用率變化圖 94
圖4- 35 UV/H2O2系統中不同氧化劑加藥量之累積利用率變化圖 95
圖4- 36 UV/H2O2系統中不同氧化劑加藥量所需之電耗能變化圖 96
圖4- 37 UV/H2O2批次與半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速去除BPA之變化圖 97
圖4- 38 UV/H2O2半批次系統不同H2O2加藥流速去除BPA之反應動力常數變化圖 97
圖4- 39 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之氧化劑殘餘量變化圖 99
圖4- 40 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之瞬間利用率變化圖 99
圖4- 41 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之累積利用率變化圖 100
圖4- 42 UV/H2O2系統中不同氧化劑加藥流速所需之電耗能變化圖 101
圖4- 43 UV/H2O2批次與半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速去除BPA之變化圖 103
圖4- 44 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之反應動力常數變化圖 103
圖4- 45 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之氧化劑殘餘量變化圖 105
圖4- 46 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之瞬間利用率變化圖 105
圖4- 47 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之累積利用率變化圖 106
圖4- 48 UV/H2O2系統中不同氧化劑加藥流速所需之電耗能變化圖 107
圖4- 49 UV/H2O2批次與半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速去除BPA之變化圖 109
圖4- 50 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之反應動力常數變化圖 109
圖4- 51 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之氧化劑殘餘量變化圖 111
圖4- 52 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之瞬間利用率變化圖 111
圖4- 53 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之累積利用率變化圖 112
圖4- 54 UV/H2O2系統中不同氧化劑加藥流速所需之電耗能變化圖 113
圖4- 55 UV/H2O2批次與半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速去除BPA之變化圖 115
圖4- 56 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之反應動力常數變化圖 116
圖4- 57 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之氧化劑殘餘量變化圖 117
圖4- 58 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之瞬間利用率變化圖 117
圖4- 59 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之累積利用率變化圖 118
圖4- 60 UV/H2O2系統中不同氧化劑加藥流速所需之電耗能變化圖 119
圖4- 61 UV/H2O2系統中不同pH去除BPA之變化圖 122
圖4- 62 UV/H2O2系統中不同pH之反應動力常數變化圖 123
圖4- 63 UV/H2O2系統中不同pH之氧化劑殘餘量變化圖 123
圖4- 64 UV/H2O2系統中不同pH之瞬間利用率變化圖 124
圖4- 65 UV/H2O2系統中不同pH之累積利用率變化圖 125
圖4- 66 UV/H2O2 系統中不同pH所需之電耗能變化圖 125
圖4- 67 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同pH去除BPA之變化圖 126
圖4- 68 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同pH之反應動力常數變化圖 127
圖4- 69 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同pH之氧化劑殘餘量變化圖 128
圖4- 70 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同pH之瞬間利用率變化圖 128
圖4- 71 UV/H2O2半批次系統中不同pH之累積利用率變化圖 129
圖4- 72 UV/H2O2 半批次系統中不同pH所需之電耗能變化圖 129
圖4- 73 Photo-Fenton系統中不同光強度去除BPA之變化圖 132
圖4- 74 Photo-Fenton系統中不同光強度之反應動力常數變化圖 133
圖4- 75 Photo-Fenton系統中不同光強度所需之電耗能變化圖 133
圖4- 76 Photo-Fenton系統中實際投入水體之不同光強度所需之電耗能變化圖 134
圖4- 77 Fenton系統中不同BPA初始濃度去除BPA之變化圖 135
圖4- 78 Fenton系統中不同BPA初始濃度之反應動力常數變化圖 135
圖4- 79 Photo-Fenton系統中不同BPA初始濃度去除BPA之變化圖 136
圖4- 80 Photo-Fenton系統中不同BPA初始濃度之反應動力常數變化圖 137
圖4- 81 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中BPA初始濃度為10 mg/L之去除BPA變化圖 138
圖4- 82 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中BPA初始濃度為20 mg/L之去除BPA變化圖 139
圖4- 83 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中BPA初始濃度為35 mg/L之去除BPA變化圖 139
圖4- 84 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中BPA初始濃度為50 mg/L之去除BPA變化圖 140
圖4- 85 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同BPA初始濃度之反應動力常數變化圖 140
圖4- 86 Photo-Fenton系統中不同BPA初始濃度所需之電耗能變化圖 141
圖4- 87 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同BPA初始濃度之光促進因子效應 142
圖4- 88 Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥量去除BPA之變化圖 143
圖4- 89 Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥量之反應動力常數變化圖 144
圖4- 90 Photo-Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥量去除BPA之變化圖 145
圖4- 91 Photo-Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥量之反應動力常數變化圖 146
圖4- 92 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中H2O2加藥量為2.465 mg/L去除BPA之變化圖 147
圖4- 93 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中H2O2加藥量為4.93 mg/L去除BPA之變化圖 147
圖4- 94 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中H2O2加藥量為10 mg/L去除BPA之變化圖 148
圖4- 95 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中H2O2加藥量為19.72 mg/L去除BPA之變化圖 148
圖4- 96 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥量之反應動力常數變化圖 149
圖4- 97 Photo-Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥量所需之電耗能變化圖 149
圖4- 98 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥量之光促進因子效應 150
圖4- 99 Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥倍率之氧化劑促進因子效應 151
圖4- 100 Photo-Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥倍率之氧化劑促進因子效應 151
圖4- 101 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥倍率之氧化劑促進因子效應 152
圖4- 102 Fenton系統中不同鐵離子劑量去除BPA之變化圖 153
圖4- 103 Fenton系統中不同鐵離子劑量之反應動力常數變化圖 154
圖4- 104 Photo-Fenton系統中不同鐵離子劑量去除BPA之變化圖 155
圖4- 105 Photo-Fenton系統中不同鐵離子劑量之反應動力常數變化圖 156
圖4- 106 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中鐵離子劑量為0.182 mg/L去除BPA之變化圖 157
圖4- 107 hoto-Fenton和Fenton系統中鐵離子劑量為1.62 mg/L去除BPA之變化圖 157
圖4- 108 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中鐵離子劑量為3.25 mg/L去除BPA之變化圖 158
圖4- 109 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中鐵離子劑量為6.49 mg/L去除BPA之變化圖 158
圖4- 110 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同鐵離子劑量之反應動力常數變化圖 159
圖4- 111 Photo-Fenton系統中不同鐵離子劑量所需之電耗能變化圖 159
圖4- 112 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同鐵離子劑量之光促進因子效應 160
圖4- 113 Fenton系統中不同pH去除BPA之變化圖 162
圖4- 114 Fenton系統中不同pH之反應動力常數變化圖 162
圖4- 115 Photo-Fenton系統中不同pH去除BPA之變化圖 163
圖4- 116 Photo-Fenton系統中不同pH之反應動力常數變化圖 164
圖4- 117 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中pH為2.5去除BPA之變化圖 164
圖4- 118 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中pH為3去除BPA之變化圖 165
圖4- 119 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中pH為3.5去除BPA之變化圖 165
圖4- 120 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中pH為4去除BPA之變化圖 166
圖4- 121 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同pH之反應動力常數變化圖 166
圖4- 122 Photo-Fenton系統中不同pH所需之電耗能變化圖 167
圖4- 123 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同pH之光促進因子效應 167
圖4- 124 Fenton系統中不同溫度去除BPA之變化圖 169
圖4- 125 Fenton系統中不同溫度之反應動力常數變化圖 169
圖4- 126 Fenton半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速去除BPA之變化圖 171
圖4- 127 Fenton半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之反應動力常數變化圖 171
圖4- 128 Photo-Fenton半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速去除BPA之變化圖 172
圖4- 129 Photo-Fenton半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之反應動力常數變化圖 173
圖4- 130 Photo-Fenton及Fenton半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之反應動力常數變化圖 173
圖4- 131 Photo-Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥流速所需之電耗能變化圖 174
圖4- 132 Photo-Fenton和Fenton系統中不同H2O2加藥流速之光促進因子效應 175
圖4- 133三種AOP主要反應機制圖 176
圖4- 134最佳BPA去除率條件下各種AOPs BPA降解變化圖(光強度) 178
圖4- 135不同光強度下各種AOPs之反應動力常數變化圖 178
圖4- 136最佳BPA去除率條件下各種AOPs BPA降解變化圖(汙染物初始濃度) 179
圖4- 137不同BPA初始濃度下各種AOPs之反應動力常數變化圖 180
圖4- 138最佳BPA去除率條件下各種AOPs BPA降解變化圖(氧化劑加藥量) 182
圖4- 139不同氧化劑加藥量下各種AOPs之反應動力常數變化圖 182
圖4- 140最佳BPA去除率條件下各種AOPs BPA降解變化圖(pH) 184
圖4- 141不同pH下各種AOPs之反應動力常數變化圖 184


表目錄
表2- 1常見的氧化劑標準還原電位 8
表2- 2雙酚A之物化特性 10
表2- 3過氧化氫之物化特性 11
表2- 4以 UV/H2O2 處理 EDCs、藥物等之相關研究 14
表2- 5硫酸亞鐵之物化特性 30
表2- 6 Fenton反應中可能的反應式和速率常數 34
表2- 7以Fenton處理汙染物之相關研究 35
表2- 8以Photo-Fenton處理汙染物之相關研究 46
表2- 9最佳 Fenton 試劑比值 52
表3- 1本研究所需各項實驗設備之來源與目的 57
表3- 2實驗藥品 58
表3- 3使用HPLC於雙酚A水溶液之操作條件 64
表4- 1 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同光強度下之瞬間利用率 79
表4- 2 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同光強度下之光瞬間利用率 80
表4- 3 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同光強度下之累積利用率 80
表4- 4 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同BPA初始濃度下瞬間利用率 90
表4- 5 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同BPA初始濃度下累積利用率 90
表4- 6 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速下瞬間利用率 102
表4- 7 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速下累積利用率 102
表4- 8 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速下瞬間利用率 108
表4- 9 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速下累積利用率 108
表4- 10 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速下瞬間利用率 114
表4- 11 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速下累積利用率 114
表4- 12 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速下瞬間利用率 120
表4- 13 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同H2O2加藥流速下累積利用率 120
表4- 14 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同pH條件下之瞬間利用率 131
表4- 15 UV/H2O2 批次和半批次系統中不同pH條件下之累積利用率 131



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(中文)
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