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系統識別號 U0002-2101201010270500
中文論文名稱 以Q方法探討教師對於數位學習關鍵成功因素之主觀看法
英文論文名稱 A Q methodology study on teachers’ subjective view of e-learning critical success factors.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊管理學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Information Management
學年度 98
學期 1
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 卓忠毅
研究生英文姓名 Chung-Yi Cho
學號 696630465
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-01-16
論文頁數 66頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳錦波
委員-董和昇
委員-施盛寶
中文關鍵字 Q方法  數位學習  關鍵成功因素  教學風格 
英文關鍵字 Q Methodology  E-learning  Critical Success Factors  Teaching Style 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
學科別社會科學資訊科學
中文摘要 由於資訊科技日新月異和網際網路的發達,使人類學習新知識的方式也產生了改變,透過數位學習,學習者可以不受時間、空間的限制,隨時隨地上網進行學習。因此,本研究以Q方法為研究方法,蒐集過去所有學者所提出的數位學習關鍵成功因素,整理出三十四個Q直述句,想要了解從事數位學習的教師,對於數位學習關鍵成功因素的主觀看法有何不同,研究結果發現九位受測的教師可分成三類:
第一類的教師注重「教材呈現方式」,認為數位學習的教材必須以生動活潑的方式呈現,這樣才能引起學生的學習動機去進行學習。除了教材設計之外,他們也很注重師生間的互動,其認為藉由師生間的頻繁互動,教師可以了解學生的學習情形並適時的調整教材內容。
第二類的教師則是注重教材的內容,其認為要有好的教材才能使數位學習成功,因此他們強調教師需精心編製教材,並且根據教學內容設計相關的討論問題,學生學習完教材內容後,針對討論議題做回應,了解自身對於所學知識的理解程度。
第三類的教師注重「學習平台的穩定性」以及「易於使用性」,由於所有的教學活動都是在平台上進行,因此其認為平台必須要非常穩定,這樣學生才能擁有良好的學習環境;除此之外,學習平台也必須容易使用,這樣才可以避免學生因為不熟悉平台的操作而影響其學習。
英文摘要 Thanks to the technology advancement and the rapid growth of internet, people have changed their methods of learning. Students can learn through internet in any time without time and locational limitation by taking e-learning courses. Therefore, this study uses Q methodology as the main research method, reviewing the relevant literature of e-learning critical success factors, developing 34 Q statements. The main intention of this study is to investigate teachers’ subjective view of e-learning critical success factors. The research result shows that nine teachers can be separated by three categories:
Type one’s teachers focus on the ways of course materials displayed; In order to inspire students’ motivation for learning, they think course materials must be displayed in an animation way. In addition to the attractive course content, they also keep an eye on the interaction between students and teachers. Teachers not only can know the students’ learning outcome but also can adjust the course content by interacting with students frequently.
Type two’s teachers focus on the course content; they consider that well-designed course content can make e-learning courses success. Therefore, they emphasize the delicacy course content and design relevant discussing questions. After students finished the course content, they can answer the discussing questions and understand how well they absorb the knowledge of course materials.
Type three’s teachers focus on the steadiness of learning platform and ease of use. Thanks to all of teaching activities conduct on the learning platform; they think stability is very important for providing great learning environment. Moreover, learning platform also must be ease of use. It can decrease the negative effects of learning outcome.
論文目次 第1章 緒論1
1.1 研究背景與動機1
1.2 研究目的3
1.3 研究流程3
第2章 文獻探討5
2.1 數位學習5
2.2 數位學習關鍵成功因素12
2.3 教學風格18
第3章 研究方法21
3.1 Q方法簡介21
3.2 研究流程:24
3.3 Q方法的進行步驟:25
3.4 Q直述句與P樣本27
3.5 教學風格量表33
3.6 WEBQ網站操作38
3.7 PQMETHOD分析工具40
第4章 資料分析44
4.1 教學風格分析44
4.2 Q類型分析46
第5章 結論與建議56
5.1 研究結論56
5.2 研究限制59
5.3 未來建議60
參考文獻 61

表目錄
表2-1數位學習的定義5
表2-2同步與非同步優缺點比較表10
表2-3數位學習與傳統學習方式比較10
表2-4數位學習與傳統學習方式比較11
表2-5數位學習關鍵成功因素構面與變數16
表2-6教學風格定義18
表3-1 Q排序表22
表3-2 Q方法與R方法比較表23
表3-3 Q直述句的發展-教師面29
表3-4 Q直述句的發展-學生面30
表3-5 Q直述句的發展-科技面31
表3-6 Q直述句的發展-學校支援面32
表3-7 成人學習量表34
表4-1 主成分因素分析44
表4-2 因素負荷量與背景資料45
表4-3類型一 最佳化排列46
表4-4 類型一 最重要與最不重要Q直述句47
表4-5 類型一與其他類型分歧句48
表4-6 類型二 最佳化排列49
表4-7 類型二 最重要與最不重要Q直述句50
表4-8 類型二與其他類型分歧句51
表4-9 類型三 最佳化排列52
表4-10 類型三 最重要與最不重要Q直述句53
表4-11 類型三與其他類型分歧句54
表4-12 三個類型的共識句55

圖目錄
圖1-1研究流程圖4
圖2-1數位學習演進圖7
圖2-2數位學習發展歷程9
圖3-1 研究流程圖24
圖3-2 WEBQ畫面38
圖3-3 Q直述句-分類39
圖3-4 Q直述句-排序40
圖3-5 PQMETHOD進入畫面41
圖3-6 Q直述句輸入41
圖3-7 Q排序結果輸入42
圖3-8 因素分析43
圖3-9 因素轉軸43
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岳修平(民93)。數位學習的教學形式與學習平台。
陳年興、楊錦潭 (民95)。數位學習理論與實務。博碩文化。
張明敏 (民90)。網路教學網站之營運策略與關鍵因素之探討。國立彰化師範大學商業教育學系碩士論文。
許淑華 (民91)。國民小學級任教師教學風格與班級氣氛之相關研究。臺中師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
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