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系統識別號 U0002-2008201810473700
中文論文名稱 觀念的分歧:美國與中國誤解缘何加劇
英文論文名稱 Incompatibility of Ideologies: the Exacerbating Cause of Mutual Misunderstanding between the U.S. and China
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 臺灣與亞太研究全英語碩士學位學程
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Taiwan and Asia-Pacific Studies, College of International Studies (English-Taugh
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 夏凱文
研究生英文姓名 Carlos Lome Morales
電子信箱 xiakaiwen@gmail.com
學號 605245074
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2018-06-25
論文頁數 66頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳一新
委員-盧業中
委員-王高成
中文關鍵字 中國  美國  文明  世界觀  文化 
英文關鍵字 China  United States  Civilization  Weltanschauung  Culture 
學科別分類
中文摘要 國際關系與國際政治塑造著我們當今的世界;因此,為了更好地理解它們,我們需要密切關註國際結構的各個組成部分;而對於許多學者來說,國家是國際關系的基本因素,是國際關系最基礎的結構:了解國家能夠使我們更好地理解各國的行為和它們的政治策略。然而,塞謬爾·亨廷頓在《文明衝突論》一書中指出:了解文明與文化背景可以幫助我們看穿各國利益和行為的大局;不同的文明背景可能會導致國家之間的衝突。在本文中,我分析了中國和美國的一些文明特徵、它們的差異以及根源,同時我也指出中美之間的誤解和不信任都是由於觀念的差異所造成的。最後,我建議兩種文明之間需要進行更多的文化交流,以便雙方能夠深刻地理解對方文明不同的歷史進程。
英文摘要 International relations and international politics are shaping our modern world, and in order to understand them better it is necessary to closely observe the components that conform to the current international structure. For many scholars, states are the atoms, the most basic structure, of international relations. Understanding states allow us to better comprehend countries’ behavior and political strategies, however, when Samuel Huntington wrote his book The Clash of Civilizations, he pointed out that, civilizations and culture can help us to see the big picture of states’ interests and behavior; besides, different civilizational backgrounds can lead to a clash. In this thesis I analyze some of the civilizational features of China and the United States, their differences and origins, and ascribe their mutual misunderstandings and mistrust of each other to these features. Based on the conclusions of this thesis, policy proposals will be made which call for increasing cultural exchanges and deepening understanding of the different historical processes that shaped both civilizations.
論文目次 1. Introduction 01
1.1 Research Topic 01
1.2 Research Motivation 04
1.3 Research Methodology 06
1.4 Research Limitations 09
1.5 General Results 09
2. Literature Review 11
3. Civilizations 13
3.1 What is a civilization? 13
3.2 Does the civilizational issue matter? 15
4. Chinese and Western Civilizations World Outlook 21
4.1 Chinese Weltanschauung 21
4.2 Chinese Perception of the Western political values 33
4.3 The Western Civilization 35
5 The Clash of Two Civilizations 43
5.1 Mutual Misunderstanding and Failure in Consensus 43
5.2 The Consequences 55
6 Conclusion 58
Bibliography 62
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