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系統識別號 U0002-2008201210231200
中文論文名稱 救贖亦或毀滅?言說不可言說在凱特.蕭邦的《覺醒》
英文論文名稱 Salvation or Destruction? Speaking the Unspeakable in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 鄒政威
研究生英文姓名 Cheng-wei Tsou
學號 695110295
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2012-06-20
論文頁數 73頁
口試委員 指導教授-黃逸民
委員-史文生
委員-郭家珍
中文關鍵字 陰性語言  母性空間  符號衝動  象徵語序  陽性中心語言 
英文關鍵字 ecriture feminine  chora  semiotic  symbolic  bricoleur  phallogocentric languge 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本文旨在分析凱特•蕭邦的《覺醒》一書,其所言之覺醒,除了多年來學者所認同的情慾覺醒外,此覺醒可解讀為女性對長期受到陽性中心語言壓迫的覺悟,而此小說可視作女主角艾德娜追求解放女性聲音的陰性語言之歷程。除此之外,本文亦期望突顯,年代遠早於茱莉亞•克莉斯蒂娃以及伊蓮•西蘇兩者的蕭邦,在其社會風氣相對更為封閉之情況下,早已思索陰性語言的可能性,且其作品竟得與後繼女性主義者遙相呼應。透過兩位女性主義者的理論,本文解讀艾德娜之語言、精神狀態及其謎樣般的死亡,以簡視凱特對於女性追求陰性語言之態度。
本文主要分成三章。首章旨在證明文中女性追求語言自由的議題不斷於書中再現,並透過艾德娜與其他男性角色的互動,分析陽性中心語言之暴力。章二則主要借用克氏以及西蘇之理論,來分析書中艾德娜對於陰性語言之追求。第三章則分析女主角與海洋的關係,並論證其投身於海何以被視為精神上返回母性空間之舉動,而其死亡,亦得以視為作者對其女性同胞做出追求語言自由之建議。
關鍵字:陰性語言、母性空間、符號衝動、象徵語序、陽性中心語言
英文摘要 Many researchers have studied Kate Chopin's The Awakening from the angle of the protagonist Edna's sexual awakening, but this thesis attempts to suggest a different approach. My study of the novel has two aims. First, I intend to prove that Edna's awakening can be interpreted as linguistic awakening, and her dedication to the sea testifies to her wish to return to what Julia Kristeva calls the chora, a state when language is still free, fluid and semiotic without the interference of symbolic order. Second, my thesis aims to show that Chopin is an avant-garde writer, who had pondered upon the same theme of female linguistic freedom long before later feminists Julia Krestiva and Hélène Cixous presented very similar concepts; and that through Edna, Chopin illustrates her view of what women should do to obtain their linguistic freedom.
The thesis is composed of three chapters. Chapter One first justifies my reading that indeed the theme of female linguistic freedom permeates the novel, and that the conversations between Edna and other male characters reveal the linguistic violence in phallogocentric language. Chapter Two applies Kristeva's and Cixous's theories to analyze how the novel can be understood as Edna's search for écriture féminine. Chapter Three illustrates how Edna's mysterious death in the sea can be read as her return to the chora and also as spiritual victory but social defeat.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Introduction……………………………………………………………………………1
Chapter I: The Linguistic Oppression and Edna’s Gradual Awakening……………...11
I. The Myth of Philomel………………………………………...11
II. Phallogocentric Language…………………………………18
Chapter II: Struggling Toward L'écriture Feminine………………………………….34
I. The Other Bisexuality………………………………………..34
II. Art as a Means to the Semiotic………………………………40
Chapter III: Returning to the Chora………………………………………………….51
I. The Sea………………………………………………………52
II. Suicide……………………………………………………....55
Conclusion: …………………………………………………………..........................61
Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………...70

參考文獻 Works Cited
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Barker, Deborah E. "The Awakening of Female Artistry." Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara de Saussure Davis. Kate Chopin Reconsidered. Beyond the Bayou. Baton Rouge: Louisiana Up, 1992: 61-79.
Baym, Nina, ed. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 6th. Vol. C. New York: Norton, 2003.620-22.
Boren, Lynda S. "Taming the Sirens: Self-Possession and the Strategies of Art in Kate Chopin's The Awakening." Ed. Lynda S. Boren and Sara de Saussure Davis. Kate Chopin Reconsidered. Beyond the Bayou. Baton Rouge: Louisiana Up, 1992: 180-96.
Bray, Abigail. Hélène Cixous: Writing and Sexual Difference. Ed. Julian Wolfreys. NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 50-1.
Christ, Carol P. Diving Deep and Surfacing: Women Writers on Spiritual Quest. NY: Beacon, 1980. 39.
Chopin, Kate. “The Awakening.” Ed. Nina Baym. The Awakening and Other Stories. NY: The Modern Library, 170-354.
Chuang, Tzu-hsiu 莊子秀. “Postmodern Feminism 後現代女性主義.” Ed. Ku Yen-ling 顧燕翎. 3rd ed. Theory and Sects of Feminism 女性主義理論與流派. Tapei: Nu Shu, 2004. 299-338.
Cixous, Hélène. “The Laugh of the Medusa.” Ed. Hazard Adam & Leroy Searle. Critical Theory Since 1965. Tallahassee: Florida State Up, 1986. 308-20.
Collins Cobuild English-Chinese Dictionary. Taipei: Haper Collins Publishers, 2000.
Derrida, Jacques. “Structure, Sign, and, Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences.” Ed. Hazard Adam & Leroy Searle. Critical Theory Since 1965. Trans. Alan Bass. Tallahassee: Florida State Up, 1986. 83-94.
Dyer, Joyce. The Awakening: A Novel of Beginnings. Robert Lecker Ed. NY: Tawayne Publishers, 1993.
Higonnet, Margaret. "Suicide: Representations of the Feminine in the Nineteenth Century." Poetics Today. vol. ., No. 1/2. NC: Duke UP, 1985. 103-118.
Kristeva, Julia." Revolution in Poetic Language." The Kristeva Reader. Ed. Toril Moi New York: Columbia UP, 1986. 89-135.
Lacan, Jacques. Écrits : a selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. Lodon : Routledge, 1977. 33-125.
Porcher, France. St. Louis and the World's fair: An Illustrated Courier and Advance Souvenir of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. St. Louis: Robert Allan Reid, 1904, 3-4.
Ringe, Donald A. "Romantic Imagery in Kate Chopin's The Awakening." American Literature. Vol. 43, No 4. NC: Duke UP, 1972. 580-88.
Mou, Xianfeng. "Kate Chopin's Narrative Techniques and Separated Space in The Awakening." The Southern Literary Journal. Vol. XLIV, No. 1. Chapel Hill: U of NC P, 2011.
Muirhead, Marion. "Articulation and Artistry: A Conversational Analysis of The Awakening." The Southern Literary Journal. Vol. XXXIII, No. 1. Chapel Hill: U of NC P, 2000.
Parvulescu, Anca. "To Die Laughing and to Laugh at Dying: Revisiting The Awakening." New Literary History. Vol. 36, No. 3. Baltimore: U of JH P, 2005.
Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Philosophy of Composition.” Edgar Allan Poe: Poetry, Tales, and Selected Essays. Ed. Patrick F. Quinn and G. R. Thompson. New York: The Library of America, 1996. 1379.
Rabkin, Eric S., ed. Fantastic Worlds: Myths, Tales and Stories. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979.
Sarup, Madan. An Introductory Guide to Post-Structuralism and Postmodernism. 2nd Ed. Athen: U of Georgia Press, 1993.
Wyrick, Jean. Steps to Writing Well. 9th ed. Boston: Thomson, 2005.
Yaeger, Patricia S. "'A Language Which Nobody Understood': Emancipatory Strategies in The Awakening." Contexts for Criticism Ed. Donald Keesey. California: Mayfield P, 1987. 433-49.
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