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系統識別號 U0002-2007202012305700
中文論文名稱 美國貿易代表署與國會的互動
英文論文名稱 Interactions between The Office of The USTR and Congress
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 郭力維
研究生英文姓名 Li-Wei Kuo
學號 607330098
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2020-07-01
論文頁數 112頁
口試委員 指導教授-何思因
委員-冷則剛
委員-李大中
中文關鍵字 美國貿易政治  美國貿易法  美國貿易代表署  美國國會 
英文關鍵字 U.S. Trade Politic  US Trade Law  USTR  Congress 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 當今國際貿易體制已在全球化上卻步。對美國而言,國內及國外貿易保護主義的壓力會越來越大。美國貿易代表署與國會之間的互動是美國能否持續其在第二次世界大戰戰後建立的自由貿易體制的關鍵。本論文首先分析1930年至1988年的美國貿易法的演進,藉以說明美國內外政經環境的變化對美國貿易立法的影響。其次,闡述貿易代表署的權責。再次,本文以「1991年爭取延長快速程序授權」以及「1993年簽訂北美自由貿易協定」兩個貿易立法作為案例,描述貿易代表署與國會的互動。貿易代表署與國會間的互動可以顯示美國國內產業所受到的壓力,以及美國貿易政策未來的變化。
英文摘要 Post-WWII international trading system is under tremendous stress. The United States, builder and orchestrator of the system, faces protectionist pressures from abroad and within. Institutionally, the U.S. relies on the office of Trade Representative and Congress to strike a political balance between protectionism and free trade. This thesis first examines the evolution of the U.S. trade laws from 1930 to 1988 to show the political balance in trade policy. It then analyses the mandate and responsibilities of the Trade Representative Office. The thesis next uses two legislative cases, “1991 For the Extension of the Expedited Procedure Authorization” and the “North American Free Trade Agreement in 1993,” to illustrate the interactions between the USTR and Congress. The thesis concludes that the USTR-Congress interaction is of crucial importance in shaping the U.S. foreign trade policy, hence having a strong bearing on the survival of global trading system.
論文目次 目錄
目錄...IV
圖目錄...VI
表目錄...VII
第一章 緒論...1
第一節 研究動機與目的...1
第二節 文獻檢閱...2
第三節 研究範圍與限制...8
第四節 研究途徑與...9
第五節 章節安排...10
第二章 1934年體制下的美國貿易法...12
第一節 1930年斯幕脫-霍雷關稅法...12
第二節 1934年互惠貿易協定法...15
第三節 互惠貿易協定法的延伸...23
第四節 1962年貿易擴張法...28
第五節 小結...35
第三章 1970與1980年代的美國貿易法...36
第一節 1970年代的貿易法...36
第二節 1988年綜合貿易及競爭力法案...46
第三節 小結...62
第四章 美國貿易代表署...63
第一節 貿易代表署的組織與功能...63
第二節 制定貿易政策的政治環境...66
第三節 小結...79
第五章 貿易代表署與國會的互動...81
第一節 1991年延長快速程序授權...81
第二節 1993年北美自由貿易協定...85
第三節 結果分析...89
第四節 小結...94
第六章 結論...95
參考文獻...100
一、中文部分...100
二、英文部分...103


圖目錄
圖2-1 1821-2106年美國平均關稅...15
圖3-1 1960-1994年美國通貨膨脹率...48
圖3-2 1960-1994年美國平民失業率...49
圖3-3 1961-1994年的美國、日本與西德GNP增長率...49
圖3-4 1978-1994年美國名義和實際有效匯率指數:基於消費者物價指數...50
圖3-5 1970-1994年各國匯率對數圖...52
圖4-1 美國特別貿易代表署組織架構圖...64
圖4-2 美國貿易代表領導跨部門貿易政策程序...72
圖4-3 國會立法流程圖...75
圖5-1 1991-1993年與貿易代表署相關報導佔比圖...90
圖5-2 1991-1993年同時提及貿易代表署與快速程序之報導數量圖...91
圖5-3 1991-1993年同時提及貿易代表署與北美自由貿易協定之報導數量圖...92


表目錄
表2 1「互惠貿易協定法」歷年修正表...19
表2 2 1948-1962年逃避條款調查結果摘要...26
表2-3 美國在貿易談判中的關稅減讓與關貿總協第1至6次談判成果...30
表3-1 1960-2000年美國GDP、進出口總額和貿易差額(單位:億美元)...39
表3-2 1980-1990年實施反傾銷案、平衡稅案和逃避條款案的數量調查...60
表3-3 1980-1990年反傾銷案及其結果....61
表3-4 1980-1990年鋼鐵業反傾銷案及處理結果...61
表4-1 1961-2017年歷任總統與貿易代表...68
表5-1 1991年5月23日美國眾議院對H Res 101的投票結果...84
表5-2 1991年5月23日美國眾議院對H Res 101 & H Res 146的投票結果...84
表5-3 1991年5月24日美國參議院對S Res 78的投票結果...85
表5-4 1993年11月17日美國眾議院對HR 3450的投票結果...88
表5-5 1993年11月20日美國參議院對HR 3450的投票結果...89
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