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中文論文名稱 結合物化及生物處理程序去除EDTA及金屬螯合物
英文論文名稱 Integration of physical-chemical and biological processes for the treatment of EDTA and metal-EDTA complexes
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 水資源及環境工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生中文姓名 譚光勛
研究生英文姓名 Kuang-Hsun Tan
學號 607480141
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2020-07-03
論文頁數 55頁
口試委員 指導教授-李奇旺
委員-陳孝行
委員-彭晴玉
中文關鍵字 臭氧  過硫酸鹽  光催化  EDTA  好氧生物處理 
英文關鍵字 Ozonation  Persulfate  Photocatalysis  EDTA  Aerobic biological process 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學環境工程
中文摘要 本研究利用高級氧化方法進行預處理(如UV/PS處理及臭氧處理),並結合好氧生物處理來處理不易生物降解的有機物(如EDTA),針對UV/PS及臭氧這兩項程序進行研究,並比較兩項程序對EDTA及金屬-EDTA的去除效率。利用UV對Persulfate (PS)於30分鐘的光催化反應下及相對於100%的理論PS完全氧化EDTA的劑量 (即PS與EDTA莫爾比為17:1),進行光催化處理EDTA及金屬-EDTA廢水,於EDTA、Fe(II)EDTA和CuEDTA的廢水中TOC去除率分別為68.46%、30.97%及94.96%,並將pH調整到7時,銅跟鐵的去除率分別為95.34%及97.61%。然而利用臭氧程序處理EDTA及金屬-EDTA最高的TOC去除率只有10%,銅跟鐵的去除率幾乎為零,由於反應時間太短,導致無法行成氫氧根降解EDTA及金屬-EDTA。
利用UV/PS程序對EDTA及金屬-EDTA進行預處理並結合好氧生物程序進一步處理,在EDTA的廢水中,PS劑量為30%的理論COD、在Fe(II)EDTA的廢水中,PS劑量為10%的理論COD。經由UV/PS進行預處理再用好氧生物處理進一步處理,EDTA廢水及Fe(II)EDTA的TOC去除率皆可達到60%, 將有機負荷率分別控制在1 kg/m3-day 及0.5 kg/m3-day於EDTA及Fe(II)EDTA的廢水。未進行預處理及利用臭氧處理方法進行預處理的TOC去除率僅僅1%,但採用UV/PS進行預處理時,TOC去除效率可以達60%。
英文摘要 In this study, pre-treatment processes such as ozonation and photocatalysis of persulfate (UV/PS), followed by aerobic biological treatment process were employed to treat recalcitrant organic substances, i.e., EDTA and metal-EDTA wastewater. In the UV/PS process, the removal of TOC reached 68.46, 26.75, and 93.16% for EDTA, Fe(II)EDTA, and CuEDTA, respectively, and after adjusting pH to 7 the removal of Cu and Fe was 95.34% and 97.61%, respectively, at PS:EDTA molar ratio of 17:1 corresponding to 100% of the theoretic PS dosage required to oxidize EDTA completely and irradiation time of 30 min. Meanwhile, the highest removal of TOC using ozonation process was only 10% for both EDTA and metal-EDTA and Cu and Fe removal were negligible. It is due to insufficient reaction time for generating enough OH• to degrade EDTA and metal-EDAT.
With the UV/PS pre-treatment process using 30% and 10% of the theoretical PS dosage required for complete oxidation of the theoretical COD for EDTA wastewater and Fe(II)EDTA wastewater, respectively. TOC removal was 60% with the organic loading rate of 1 kg/m3-day for EDTA wastewater and removal was 60% with organic loading rate of 0.5 kg/m3-day for the Fe(II)EDTA wastewater. The TOC removal using aerobic process without pre-treatment or using ozone pre-treatment were negligible (∼1%).
論文目次 Acknowledgements i
中文摘要 ii
Abstract iii
Contents vi
List of Tables viii
List of Figures ix
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background information 1
1.2 Objectives 2
1.3 Research scope 3
2 Literature reviews 4
2.1 Wastewater containing CuEDTA or FeEDTA 4
2.2 Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for the treatment of metal-EDTA complexes 5
2.2.1 Electro-Fenton or Fenton process 6
2.2.2 PS related process 7
2.2.3 Ozone process 10
2.3 Biological treatment process 11
3 Materials and Methods 13
3.1 Chemicals and materials 13
3.2 Experimental setup and procedures 13
3.2.1 UV/PS process 13
3.2.2 Ozonation process 15
3.2.3 Integration of physical-chemical and biological processes 17
3.3 Analytic methods 19
3.3.1 HPLC for EDTA analysis 19
3.3.2 Chemical oxygen demand (COD) 20
3.3.3 TOC 21
3.3.4 Flame atomic adsorption spectrophotometer 21
4 Results and Discussion 22
4.1 UV/PS process 22
4.1.1 Treatment of EDTA 22
4.1.2 Treatment of CuEDTA 27
4.1.3 Treatment of Fe(II)EDTA 31
4.2 Comparison of TOC removal for CuEDTA, FeEDTA and EDTA by UV/PS process 35
4.3 Ozonation process 37
4.4 Biological process 38
4.4.1 Biological process for EDTA without pre-treatment 38
4.4.2 Biological process for EDTA and Fe(II)EDTA with pre-treated by UV/PS process 39
4.4.3 Biological process for EDTA with pre-treated by ozonation process 42
5 Conclusions 44
5.1 Conclusions 44
5.2 Recommendations 45
References 46

List of Tables
2.1 The effect of metal-EDTA stability constants in electro-Fenton process [30] 7
2.2 Compare the decomplexation of CuEDTA using UV/PS and UV/H2O2 10
3.1 PS dosage related with EDTA molar ratio and COD mass ratio 15
3.2 Ozone dosage using ozone generator 17
3.3 COD concentration of EDTA 21

List of Figures
3.1 Scheme of the UV system 14
3.2 Scheme of the ozone system 16
3.3 Schematic of aerobic system 18
3.4 EDTA standard curve 20
4.1 TOC removal as function of time under the different of PS dosage (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for com- plete oxidation of EDTA). Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. (a)Initial pH = 7. (b) Initial pH = 5. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) = 8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 23
4.2 TOC removal as function of pH under the different of PS dosage (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for com- plete oxidation of EDTA). Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) = 8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 25
4.3 The variation of pH as a function of PS dosage (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for complete oxidation of EDTA). (a) Initial pH = 7. (b) Initial pH = 5 26
4.4 TOC removal as a function of time under different of PS dosages (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for com- plete oxidation of CuEDTA). Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. Cu:EDTA molar ratio = 1:1. Initial pH = 2.7. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) = 8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 28
4.5 The variation of pH as a function of PS dosage (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for complete oxidation of CuEDTA). Reaction time = 60 min 29
4.6 Cu species as a function of pH. Modelled using Mineql+. Cu concentration = 1 mmole/L 30
4.7 Cu removal as function of time under the different of PS dosage (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for complete oxidation of CuEDTA). Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. Cu:EDTA molar ratio = 1:1. Initial pH = 2.7. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) = 8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 30
4.8 Cu removal with TOC removal correlation. Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. Cu:EDTA molar ratio = 1:1. Initial pH = 2.7. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) = 8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 31
4.9 TOC removal as function of time under the different of PS dosage (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for complete oxidation of Fe(II)EDTA). Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. Initial pH = 2.5. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) =8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 32
4.10 The variation of pH as a function of PS dosage (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for complete oxidation of Fe(II)EDTA) 33
4.11 Fe-EDTA species as a function of pH. (a) Fe(II) system. (b) Fe(III) system. Modelled using Mineql+. Fe:EDTA molar ration of 1:1. Fe concentration = 1 mmole/L 34
4.12 Fe removal as function of time under the different of PS dosage (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of theoretic dosage required for complete oxidation of Fe(II)EDTA). Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. Initial pH = 3. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) = 8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 35
4.13 TOC removal as a function of PS:EDTA molar ratio for metal-complexed EDTA and EDTA. Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. Metal:EDTA molar ratio = 1:1. Reaction time = 30 min. pH = neutral pH. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) = 8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 36
4.14 TOC removal as a function of ozone dosage for EDTA, CuEDTA and Fe(II)EDTA by ozonation process. Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. Metal:EDTA molar ratio = 1:1. Solution volume = 0.3 L. Reaction time = 60 min. pH = neutral pH. Ozone flow rate = 10.53 mg O3/min 38
4.15 TOC removal as a function of Days for EDTA by biological process. Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. pH = 8. Organic loading rate = 0.5 kg/m3-day 39
4.16 TOC removal as a function of days for (a) EDTA and (b) Fe(II)EDTA were pre-treated by UV/PS process. Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. pH = 8. (a) Organic loading rate = 1 kg/m3-day. (b) Organic loading rate = 0.5 kg/m3-day. (a) PS dosage = 30% of COD. (b) PS dosage = 10% of COD UV irradiation time = 30 min. UV radiation (wavelength 254 nm) = 8 W. Radiation density = 72 mW/cm2 41
4.17 TOC removal as a function of days for EDTA was pre-treated by ozona- tion process. Experimental conditions: EDTA = 1 mM. Aeration time = 35 min. pH = 8. Ozone flow rate = 10.53 mg O3/min 43
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