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系統識別號 U0002-2007201215521300
中文論文名稱 污染防治支出與經濟成長:不完全競爭的總體模型
英文論文名稱 Abatement Expenditures and Economic Growth: An Macroeconomics Model with Imperfect Competition
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 黃珮珊
研究生英文姓名 Pei-Shan Huang
學號 699540166
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2012-07-06
論文頁數 34頁
口試委員 指導教授-洪小文
委員-謝智源
委員-陳智華
中文關鍵字 內生成長  污染防治支出  污染  不完全競爭 
英文關鍵字 Endogenous Growth  Abatement Expenditure  Pollution  Imperfect Competition 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學經濟學
中文摘要 本文設計一個中間財市場結構為不完全競爭的總體模型,據此探討污染防治支出與政府稅率對於長期經濟成長率影響,及經濟體系之短期動態調整過程。本文說明,若社會的污染來源主要為消費時產生,則污染防治支出政策可在不傷害經濟成長的前提下,有效地改善環境品質。另外,增加勞動所得稅與資本稅稅率,不僅無法改善環境品質且會傷害經濟成長。
英文摘要 This paper develops an endogenous growth model with imperfect competition. Under consideration for negative pollution externalities derived from consumption, the main purpose of this paper is to investigate the policy effect of abatement expenditures and taxes on economic growth in the long-run and dynamic transition in the short-run. We show that an increase in abatement expenditures is not only to decrease pollution but also to increase economic growth. Moreover, an increase in tax rates, both labor and capital income taxes, is not able to reduce the pollution and is against the economic growth.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒 論 1
1.1研究動機與目的 1
1.2文獻回顧 3
1.3 本文架構 5
第二章 模型架構 6
2.1廠商與對稱均衡 6
2.2家計部門 9
2.3政府部門 10
2.4 生態系統 11
2.5 總體均衡 12
第三章 長期均衡與比較靜態 13
3.1 長期均衡與均衡成長路徑 13
3.2 勞動所得稅對於環境污染與經濟成長 15
3.3 資本稅對於環境污染與經濟成長 16
3.4中間財廠商獨占程度對於環境污染與經濟成長 17
3.5政府污染防治支出對於環境污染與經濟成長 18
第四章 政府之宣示效果 20
4.1政府污染防治支出與宣示效果 21
第五章 結 論 23
附錄 24
參考文獻 31

圖表目錄
圖一、汙染防治支出︰台灣 18
圖二、經濟體系動態性質圖 29
圖三、消費-資本比與污染存量動態調整圖 29
圖四、消費-資本比的動態調整圖 30
表一、主要國家一般廢棄物產生量及其組成 27

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