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系統識別號 U0002-2007201114052700
中文論文名稱 非政府組織在歐盟發展合作之角色
英文論文名稱 The Role of NGOs in Development Cooperation of the European Union
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 劉祐伶
研究生英文姓名 Yao-Ling Liu
學號 696290294
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2011-06-24
論文頁數 117頁
口試委員 指導教授-卓忠宏
委員-梁崇民
委員-鍾志明
中文關鍵字 發展合作  公民社會  非政府組織 
英文關鍵字 Development Cooperation  Civil Society  Non-Governmental Organization 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 從馬歇爾計劃開始,官方所主導的國際發展合作受到各界關注。經過幾十年,雖然部分發展中國家國民生產毛額提高,卻也伴隨著更多的環境生態浩劫、貧富差距拉大、人權受到侵蝕,這和當初所設想的相去甚遠。在此同時,代表弱勢族群與公民利益的非政府組織(non-governmental organizations, NGOs),不僅在北方國家提供福利服務,在政局不穩或衰弱的國家更從事人道救援、基礎教育、鄉村發展、微型貸款…等工作。這些在發展領域已默默耕耘多年的非政府組織,被拉進國際政治舞台上,希望能為官方發展援助的困境下,提供另一種視野。

歐洲聯盟現為世界最大的急難救助及發展援助的主要援助者之一,其相關政策也順應著國際潮流,因此本篇論文的研究重點,在於歐盟如何藉由本身非政府組織在政治、經濟及社會的悠久發展經驗,透過對外關係的法源基礎來影響及協助受援助國的公民意識抬頭,使受援國在國家體制及敏感議題上因非政府組織的存在得以平衡和解決。
英文摘要 Since the Marshall Plan, the international development cooperation led by donate countries and institutes are took everyone’s attention. After decades, some developing countries indeed improve their Gross Domestic Product or Gross National Product, but also flowing with environmental and ecological calamities, great poverty gap and erosion of human right. At the same time, the non-governmental organizations, which represented the minority groups and public interests, not only provide welfare services in the North, but also supply the humanitarian aid, basic education, rural development, microfinance and so on. Their efforts and expertise in every development sector are interested by policy makers and become an alternative for solving dilemma of official development assistance.

The European Union is one of the largest providers of emergency relief and development cooperation. Their policies are came into line with international development consensus. This paper focus on how EU uses its legal basis for external relations to support recipient countries’ civic awareness through its NGO development experience on politics, economy and society, and rebuild the state regime and sensitive issues of developing countries.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與研究目的 1
第二節 研究方法範圍與研究架構 7
第三節 資料來源與研究限制 12
第二章 非政府組織概述 17
第一節 非政府組織之意涵 17
第二節 非政府組織的分類與功能 24
第三節 非政府組織與政府間組織互動之歷史發展 30
第三章 歐盟發展合作政策之轉變 39
第一節 歐盟發展合作之淵源 39
第二節 夥伴關係的開始與拓展 45
第三節 由下而上與由內而外的一致性合作模式確立 56
第四章 非政府組織於歐盟發展合作之組織架構 73
第一節 非政府組織與區域型計畫 79
第二節 非國家行為者與地方政府主題計畫 89
第三節 資金來源 92
第四節 政策分析 95
第五章 結論 107
參考文獻 113
參考文獻 中文專書
王泰銓主編(2006),歐洲聯盟條約與歐洲共同體條約譯文及重要參考文件,台北市:翰盧圖書。
向駿主編(2001),拉丁美洲研究,台北市:五南。
翁明賢、林德澔、陳聰銘著(1994),歐洲區域組織新論,台北市:五南圖書
非洲與拉丁美洲資料中心(1969),非洲與歐洲共同市場之關係,非洲及拉丁美洲資料中心,台北市:非洲及拉丁美洲資料中心
張玉法主編(2004),中華民國紅十字會史:1904年-2003年,台北市:中華民國紅十字總會
財團法人國際合作發展基金會(2007),國際發展合作的概要與實務,台北市:國際合作發展基金會。
陳隆志,陳文賢主編(2008),聯合國:體制、功能與發展,台北市:新學林總經銷
陳怡仲、張晉閣、許孝慈譯(2004),羅伯特•吉爾平著(Robert Gilpin),全球政治經濟–掌握國際經濟秩序,台北市:桂冠。
李明峻譯,日本國際協力機構著(2004),援外的世界潮流,台北縣新店市:桂冠。
康曉光譯(2008),Lisa Jordan and Peter VanTuijl主編,非政府組織問責:政治、原則與創新,北京:中國人民大學出版社。
鄧伯宸譯(2005),Michael Woodin & Caroline Lucas著,綠色全球宣言,台北縣新店市:立緒文化事業。
譚崇台主編(2004),發展經濟學,台北市:五南。

期刊/學位論文
吳培若(1986),就洛梅協定評估歐洲共同體對非家泰國家之開發政策,淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。
代兵(2007),論19世紀初至1918年非政府組織的發展狀況,國際關係學報,6:27-30
胡慶山(2004),非洲的人權保障制度-關於人及人民權力的非洲憲章,台灣國際法季刊,1(1):80-100。
盧倩儀(1997),區域整合理論之比較與評析,歐美研究,12(1):27-44
鐘京佑(2003),全球治理與公民社會:台灣非政府組織參與國際社會的觀點,政治科學論叢,18: 23-52
英文專書
Ahmed, Shamima & David Potter (2006), NGO in International Politics, New York: Palgrave.
Arts, Karin (2000), Integrating Human Rights into Development Cooperation: The Case of the Lome Convention, Hague, Netherlands : Kluwer Law International.
Arts, Karin and Anna K. Dickson (2009), EU Development Cooperation: From model to symbol, Manchester : Manchester University Press.
Bebbington, Anthony J., Samuel Hickey and Diana C. Mitlin (2008), Can NGOs Make a Difference? : The Challenge of Development Alternatives, New York: Zed Books Ltd
Babarinde, Olufemi and Gerrit Faber (2005), The European Union and the Development Countries, Leiden : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
GOEL, S.L. & R. KUMAR (2004), ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT OF NGOs, New Delhi : Deep & Deep Publications
Holland, Martin (2002), The European Union and the Third World, New York : Palgrave.
Hudock, Ann C. (1999), NGOs and civil society : democracy by proxy?, Malden, MA: Polity Press.
Lancaster, Carol (2007), Foreign aid : diplomacy, development, domestic politics, Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
Lewis, David and Nazneen Kanji (2009), Non-Governmental Organizations and Development, London : Routledge.
Lister, Marjorie & Maurizio Carbone (2006), New Pathway in International Development, Engliand: Ashgate
Lister, Marjorie (1999), New Perspectives on European Union Development Cooperation, United States: Westview Press.
Riddell Roger C. (2007), Does Foreign Aid Really Work?, New York : Oxford.
Todaro, Michal P. and Stephen C. Smith (2009), Economic Development, Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited
Wolf, Susanna, ed. (1999), DEVELOPMENTE ECONOMICS AND POLICY, Frankfurt am Main : Peter Lang

英文期刊
Charnovitz, Steve (1997), “Two Centuries of Participation: NGOs And International Governance ”, Michigan Journal of International Law, 18: 183-286.
Freres, Christian (2000) “The European Union as a Global “Civilian Power”: Development Cooperation in EU-Latin American Relations,” Journal of Interamerican studies and World Affairs , 42, 2: 63-85.
Giammusso, Maurizio (1999) “Civil Society Initiatives and Prospects of Economic Development: The Euro-Mediterranean Decentralized Co-operation Networks,” Mediterranean Politics, 4,1: 25-52.
Kakwani, Nanak and Ernes M. Pernia, “What is Pro-poor Growth,”Asian Development Review, 18,1:1-16.
Martens, Kerstin (2003), “ Examining the (Non-)State of NGOs in International Law”, Indiana Journal of Global legal Studies, 10, 2: 1-24.
Martens, Kerstin (2002), “Mission Impossible? Defining Nongevernmental Organizations”, International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organization 13, 3: 271-283.
Maragia, Bosire (2002), “Almost there: Another way of conceptualizing and explaining NGOs’ quest for legitimacy in global politics”, Non-State Actors and International Law 2: 301-332.
Salamon, Lester M. and Helmut K. Anheier (1992), “In search of the non-profit sector. I: The question of definitions,” International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 3, 2 125-151.
Santiso, Carlos (2001), “International Co-operation for Democracy and Good Governance: Moving Toward a Second Generation?,” European Journal of Development Research, 13, 1:154-180.

官方文件
Archived Statement GP 14.70: Involving Nongovernmental Organizations in Bank-Supported Activities, 1998.
Resolution 1996/31: Consultative relationship between the United Nations and non-governmental organizations.
The Community Development Policy, Commission Memorandum Transmitted to the Council COM (82) 640 final, 4 October, 1986.
European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions, The Thematic Programme ”Non-state Actors and Local Authorities in Development”.
European Commission, European Governance: A White Paper, COM(2001) 428 final.
European Commission, Guidelines on Principles and Good Practices for the Participation of Non-State Actors in the development dialogues and consultations, November, 2004.
European Parliament, Council, Commission, Joint statement by the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States meeting within the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission on European Union Development Policy: The European Consensus(2006/C 46/01), 2006.
Regulation(EC) No. 1638/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, laying down general provisions establishing a European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument, 24, October, 2006.
Regulation(EC) No. 1905/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation, 18 December 2006.
European Commission, Non-State Actors(NSA) and Local Authorities(LA) Consultation in the Elaboration of 10 EDF Country Strategy Papers in ACP Countries, 2007.
European Court of Auditors, The Commission’s Management of Non-State Actors’ Involvement in EC Development Cooperation, 2009.
The Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee, and the Committee of the Regions, A twelve-point EU action plan in support of the Millennium Development Goals, COM(2010)0159 final, 21 April 2010.

研究機構報告
Austrian EU Platform of Development NGOs(2007), Understanding EU Development Cooperation.
ECDPM(2003), The Coutonou Agreement: A User’s Guide for Non-State Actors
SADEV (2007), The EU and its policies on development Cooperation.
Gerald M. Steinberg(2008), EU Founding for Political NGOs in the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Analyzing Processes and Impact, NGO Monitor.
Jos Boonstra and Jacqueline Hale(2010), EU Assistance to Central Asia: Back to the Drawing Board?, EUCAM.
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Tanzania, Understanding Development Co-Operation under the Cotonou Agreement, FRIEDRICH EBERT STIFTUNG.

網路資料
歐洲理事會官方網站:
<www.coe.int/lportal/web/coe-portal>;

婦女和平自由聯盟官方網站:
<www.wilpfinternational.org/AboutUs/index.htm#briefhistory>

歐盟高峰會官方網站:
<www.european-council.europa.eu/home-page.aspx?lang=en>

國際人權聯盟官方網頁:
<www.fidh.org/-english->

地球之友官方網頁:
<www.foei.org/>

Development Co-operation Directorate(DCD-DAC):
<www.oecd.org/document/15/0,2340,en_2649_3236398_35401554_1_1_1_1,00.html>

Development Assistance Committee: Shaping the 21 Century: The Contribution of Development Cooperation:
<www.oecd.org/dataoecd/23/35/2508761.pdf>

Development and Cooperation- EuroAid
<ec.europa.eu/europeaid/index_en.htm>

Hoksbergen, Roland, “Toward Authentic Prtnership: How North and South NGO Partnership Contribute to Development”
<www.powerofconnecting.net/files/Uploads/Downloads/toward_authentic_partnership_n-s_ngo_summary.pdf>

The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action:
<www.oecd.org/dataoecd/11/41/34428351.pdf>

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, NGO Branch,
<esango.un.org/civilsociety/displayConsultativeStatusSearch.do?method=search&sessionCheck=false>


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