淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-2007200709552100
中文論文名稱 西爾維亞•柏拉絲《鐘形瓶》的意象之研究
英文論文名稱 A Study of Images in Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 李佳陽
研究生英文姓名 Chia-Yang Lee
學號 692010308
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2007-06-23
論文頁數 101頁
口試委員 指導教授-宋美璍
委員-游錫熙
委員-紀元文
中文關鍵字 女性迷思  無名的問題  意象  克莉絲蒂娃  棄卻  自我中的異者 
英文關鍵字 Feminine Mystique  The Problem That Has No Name  Image  Kristeva  abjection  The Alterity Within 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文旨在探討西爾維亞•柏拉絲《鐘形瓶》中的意象。第一章所探討的是柏拉絲身為五零年代女性及女性作家的焦慮。柏拉絲身處的五零年代的美國社會,其在婚後深刻地體會身為已婚婦女,需背負當時的美國社會對女性角色的期許與個人理想的衝突;作者透過小說主角艾絲特的焦慮映照出現實生活中的困境。
第二章所探討的是小說中主題性的意象。柏拉絲用主題性的意象來突顯五零年代美國家庭主婦所承受無形的焦慮及壓迫感。貝蒂傅瑞丹在《女性迷思》一書中所提出的「無名的問題」解釋了艾絲特的焦慮。
第三章為克莉絲蒂娃以「棄卻」的觀念,進一步來探討小說中殘缺的身體意象。殘缺的身體意象在小說裡不斷地出現,這些意象不僅指涉艾絲特身體的傷痕與精神不穩定的狀態,更是克莉絲蒂娃所主張主體建構的過程中所必經的中介階段。柏拉絲把她生命中的焦慮換化為艾絲特這個人物角色,並善用意象及自身的經驗書寫出一九五零年代女性的焦慮與無力感。
書寫「棄卻」的意象,柏拉絲也體驗了主體建構的中介階段,克莉絲蒂娃主張人們面對自我中的異者(alterity within the self) ,而非逃避它。僅管殘缺的身體在小說中令人厭惡,柏拉絲同時也在這個書寫的過程中展現了她面對自我中的異者的勇氣。
英文摘要 This thesis studies images in The Bell Jar. I divide images into two groups. The first group refers to thematic images of the novel. They include images such as The Rosenbergs electrocution/electroshock therapy, fig tree/fruit, bell jar, Lady’s Day fashion magazine. This thesis argues that Sylvia Plath creates thematic images to represent women’s under repression, thereby Plath pointing to a binary narrative pervasive in a masculine society. On the other hand, I use Julia Kristeva’s concept of abjection to approach disabled body images in the novel. Abject body images tap into an in-between condition as the onset of the subject formation. They lead the readers on a journey of subject formation. Disabled body images allude to more than Esther’s wounds. They are symptomatic of a psyche that has yet to come to terms with “the stranger within.”
Writing abject bodies, Sylvia Plath also experiences an interspace between self and other, an estranging journey that Kristeva suggests people should confront instead of eschewing it. Depicting disabled body functions, which are usually regarded as unfavorable and deviating from the normal, Plath shows her effort to face the stranger within herself.
論文目次 Table of Contents
Introduction 1
Chapter One: Sylvia Plath under Repression 16
Chapter Two: Writing the Repression 44
Chapter Three: Writing On the Border of Abjection 72
Conclusion 91
Works Cited 97
參考文獻 Works Cited
Ames, Lois. “Notes toward a Biography.” The Art of Sylvia Plath: A Symposium. Ed. Charles Newman. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1971. 166-67.
Axelrod, Stephen Gould. Sylvia Plath: The Wound and The Cure of Words. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1990.
Baldwin, Kate A. “The Radical Imaginary of The Bell Jar.” Novel: A Forum on Fiction (Fall 2004): 22-40.
Badia, Janet. “The Bell Jar and other prose.” The Cambridge Companion to Sylvia Plath. Ed. Jo Gill. New York: Cambridge UP, 2006. 124-139.
Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. New York: Bantam, 1961.
Bere, Carol. “Letters Home: Correspondence 1950-1963.” Sylvia Plath: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Linda W. Wagner. New York: Routledge, 1988. 213-233.
Bloom, Harold. “A Meditation upon Priority, and A Synopsis.” The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Ed. Peter Simon. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2001. 1797-1804.
Bond, Diane S. “The Separative Self in Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar.” Women’s Studies 18 (1990): 49-64.
Boyer, Marilyn. “The Disabled Female Body as a Metaphor for Language in Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar.” Women’s Studies 33(2004): 199-223.
Budick, E. Miller. “The Feminist Discourse of Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar.” College English 49.8 (1987): 872-885.
Butscher, Edward. Sylvia Plath, Method and Madness. New York: Seabury P, 1976.
Cixous, Hélène, and Catherine Clement. The Newly Born Woman. Trans. Betsy Wing. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1986.
Cooper, Pamela. “’A Body Story with a Vengeance’: Anatomy and Struggle in The Bell Jar and The Handmaid’s Tale.” Women’s Studies 26 (1997): 89-123.
Coyle, Susan. “Images of Madness and Retrieval: An Exploration of Metaphor in The Bell Jar.” Studies in Fiction 12(1984): 161-74.
Dyne, Susan R. Van. Revising Life: Sylvia Plath’s Ariel Poems. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1993.
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punishment. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.
Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. New York: Dell Publishing, 1984.
Furman, Nelly. “The Politics of Language: Beyond the Gender Principle?” Making a Difference: Feminist Literary Criticism. Ed. Gayle Greene and Coppelia Kahn. New York: Routledge, 1985. 59-79.
Gary, Martin. A Dictionary of Literary Terms. Essex: York Press, 1992.
Gerbig, Andrea, and Anja Muller-Wood. “Trapped in Language: Aspects of Ambiguity and Intertextuality in Selected Poetry and Prose by Sylvia Plath.” Style 36.1 (2002): 76-92.
Gilbert, Sandra M. and, Susan Gubar. “Infection in the Sentence: The Woman Writer and the Anxiety of Authorship.” The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Ed. Peter Simon. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2001. 2023-2035.
---. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. New Haven: Yale UP, 1979.
Gerisch, Benigna. “This Is No Death, It Is Something Safer: A Psychodynamic Approach to Sylvia Plath.” Death Studies 22 (1998): 735-61.
Gill, Jo, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Sylvia Plath. New York: Cambridge UP, 2006.
Harris, Mason. “The Bell Jar.” Sylvia Plath: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Linda W. Wagner. New York: Routledge, 1988. 107-113.
Helle, Anita. The Unraveling Archive: Essays on Sylvia Plath. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan P, 2006.
Howlett, Jeffrey. “Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar as Counter-Narrative.” Journal of American Studies of Turkey 10 (Fall 1999): 39–48.
Jones, Ann Rosalind. “Writing the Body: Toward an Understanding of l’Ecriture Feminine.” Feminism: An Anthology of Literature Theory and Criticism. Ed. Robyn R. Warhol and Diane Prince Herndl. New Jersey: Rutgers UP, 1996. 357-70.
---. “Inscribing Femininity: French Theories of the Feminine.” Making a Difference: Feminist Literary Criticism. Ed. Gayle Greene and Coppelia Kahn. New York: Routledge, 1985. 80-112.
Kristeva, Julia. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. New York: Columbia UP, 1982. Trans. of Pouvoirs de l’horreur. Paris: Seuil, 1980.
---. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. Strangers to Ourselves. New York: Columbia UP, 1991. Trans. of Étrangers à nous-mêmes. Paris: Fayard, 1988.
De Lauretis, Teresa. “Rebirth in The Bell Jar.” Ed. Linda Wagner-Martin. Sylvia Plath: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge, 1988. 124-35.
Leonard, Garry M. “The Woman is Perfected Her Dead Body Wears the Smile of Accomplishment.” College Literature 19.2 (1992): 60-82.
Liz, York. Impertinent Voices, Subversive Strategies in Contemporary Women’s Poetry. London and New York: Routledge, 1991. 66-67.
May, Elaine Tyler. Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era. New York: Basic Books, 1988.
Nelson, Deborah. “Plath, History and Politics.” The Cambridge Companion to Sylvia Plath. Ed. Jo Gill. New York: Cambridge UP, 2006. 21-36.
Oliver, Kelly. Reading Kristeva: Unraveling the Double-Bind. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana UP, 1993.
Perloff, Marjorie G. “A Ritual for Being Born Twice: Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar.” Contemporary Literature 13.4 (1972): 507-22.
Plath, Sylvia. The Bell Jar. New York: Bantam, 1972.
---. The Collected Poems: Sylvia Plath. Ed. Ted Hughes. New York: Harper and Row, 1981.
---. The Journals of Sylvia Plath. Ed. Ted Hughes and Frances McCullough. New York: Dial P, 1982.
---. Letters Home: Correspondence 1950-1963. Ed. Aurelia Schober Plath. New York: Harper, 1982.
Rose, Jacqueline. The Haunting of Sylvia Plath. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1992.
Sanazaro, Leonard. “Plath’s ‘The Lady Lazarus’.” The Explicator 41 (1983): 54-57.
Smith, Anna. “Into the Cellar of the Native House’: Kristeva and Psychoanalysis.” Julia Kristeva: Readings of Exile and Estrangement. Houndmmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, 1996. 130-83.
Smith, Anne-Marie. Julia Kristeva: Speaking the Unspeakable. London: Pluto, 1998.
Uroff, Margaret Dickie. Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1979.
Wagner, Linda. W. Sylvia Plath: The Critical Heritage. New York: Routledge, 1988.
---. Critical Essays on Sylvia Plath. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1984.
Wagner-Martin, Linda. Sylvia Plath: A Biography. New York: St. Martin’s P, 1987.
---. Sylvia Plath: A Literary Life. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
---. “Plath’s The Bell Jar as Female Bildungsroman.” Women’s Studies 12 (1986): 55-68.
Zajdel Melody. “Apprenticed in a Bible of Dreams: Sylvia Plath’s Short Stories.” Critical Essays on Sylvia Plath. Ed. Linda W. Wagner. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1984.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2007-08-02公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2007-08-02起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信