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系統識別號 U0002-2007200604083100
中文論文名稱 基因重組:人類白血球顆粒細胞增生因子
英文論文名稱 Molecular Cloning for Human granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (hG-CSF) in Pichia pastoris.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 生命科學研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Life Sciences
學年度 94
學期 2
出版年 95
研究生中文姓名 邱俊瑋
研究生英文姓名 Chun-Wei Chou
學號 693290495
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2006-06-14
論文頁數 85頁
口試委員 指導教授-簡素芳
委員-張可中
委員-莊子超
中文關鍵字 嗜甲基酵母菌  人類白血球顆粒細胞增生因子  人類白血球顆粒細胞 
英文關鍵字 Pichia pastoris  hG-CSF  Human granulocyte 
學科別分類 學科別醫學與生命科學生物學
中文摘要 人類白血球顆粒細胞增生因子(Human granulocyte colony stimulating factor;hG-CSF)是人體嗜中性白血球(neutrophilic granulocyte)生長、分化所必須的細胞激素,是由174個氨基酸所構成。主要是應用在化療所引起之嗜中性白血球缺乏症(neutropenia)。本實驗以基因工程的方法,將hG-CSF基因轉殖到酵母菌,如酵母菌可使hG-CSF分泌到細胞外,即可簡化之後之純化程序。實驗中,我們以聚合酶連鎖反應(PCR) 從pET25b-hG-CSF中擴增hG-CSF,並轉殖此因子之基因片段。此DNA片段有522 bp,並且在5’端設計有6個組織氨酸(histidine tag)和可被腸激酶所辨識(enterokinase cleavage site)的序列,需要時可將此酵素切割成hG-CSF蛋白質。PCR之後挑選clone帶有hG-CSF基因,並且將此基因再接到表現質體(pPIC9K)上,完成質體pPIC9K-hG-CSF的建構。最後將質體轉殖到酵母菌SMD1168內,挑選出生長於含有4 mg/ml G-418的YPDS固態培養基上的菌落,這可能是含有high copy number的轉型菌。
將誘導後的細胞及培養基,分別以SDS-PAGE及西方點墨法(Western blotting)來鑑定結果。可發現不管是在細胞內或培養基都有hG-CSF,而分泌到細胞外的hG-CSF約為每公升10毫克,表現的hG-CSF確實其分子量在20 kDa左右。
將經由FPLC分子篩液相層析管柱(HiPerp Sephacryl S-200)初步純化後的Fraction I(12~19)和Fraction II(21~34),各分別添加到人類白血病細胞株(HL-60)中,發現Fraction II有助於HL-60細胞增生,而Fraction I卻不能使細胞增生,因此可判斷Fraction II具有生物活性。添加40 ng/ml的Fraction II,在第7天時,可以觀察到細胞數目比對照組增加了2倍;添加Fraction II由1 ng ~ 40 ng/ml有顯著增生,而在40 ng ~ 150 ng/ml達到最高的細胞數。
英文摘要 Human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (hG-CSF) is a 18.7 kDa glycoprotein , consisting 174 amino acids. It can stimulate granulocyte colony formation and affects proliferation, differentiation and activation of mature neutrophilic granulocytes. It was widely for treatment of neutropenia in cancer therapy. We cloned the hG-CSF gene into P. pastoris and hope to see the recombinant hG-CSF can secrete into medium. It will make the purification procedure much easiler. We amplified the hG-CSF gene from pET25b-hG-CSF by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The size of the hG-CSF DNA contains 522 bp, and histidine tag (His6) and enterokinase cleavage site (Asp4Lys) were added at the N-terminus of the protein. The PCR product was first cloned to pOPtima™ cloning vector (TA- Cloning). The “insert” was further cloned into pPIC9K vector. pPIC9K-hG-CSF plasmid was integrated into the alcohol oxidase region of the SMD1168 genome. We selected the transformants that were selected from medium contains 4 mg/ml of G-418. Based on it can be selected from the plate contains 0.2 mg/ml of G-418 having 1 copy of insertion. We can predict this is a multicopy clone.
Under on culturing condition, the recombinant hG-CSF was able to be secreted into the medium, 10 mg/L of culture medium. After the medium was concentrated, we obtained the protein from FPLC-gel filtration column (Hiperp Sephacryl S-200). There were two fractions . 「Fraction I and Fraction II」 From SDS-PAGE, both were located at 20 kDa. But from the biological activity study for stimulation of granulocyte. We only found Fraction II has the activity. We concluded that Fraction I was obtain in the early portion of the gel filtration column. So it may exist as the aggregated form.
論文目次 目 錄

封面內頁
口試委員審議通過簽名表
授權書
致謝
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 III
圖表目錄 V

第一章 緒論
第一節 前言 1
第二節 人類白血球顆粒細胞增生因子 3
第三節 嗜甲基酵母菌Pichia pastoris(P. pastoris) 5

第二章 實驗材料、設備
第一節 實驗材料 16
第二節 實驗設備 19
第三節 培養基配置 20
第四節 酵母菌表現質體及寄主選擇 23

第三章 實驗方法
第一節 hG-CSF基因選殖 26
第二節 pPIC9K表現質體和hG-CSF基因之重組 34
第三節 pPIC9K-hG-CSF質體轉殖到酵母菌 39
第四節 hG-CSF基因表現 42
第五節 hG-CSF重組蛋白質純化 49
第六節 hG-CSF對細胞增生的測定 52

第四章 結果與討論
第一節 製備人類白血球顆粒細胞增生因子基因 59
第二節 確認及純化P. pastoris所表現的hG-CSF蛋白質 61
第三節 檢測表現蛋白質hG-CSF的活性 64

第五章 結論與未來展望 81

第六章 參考文獻 83


圖表目錄

表1.1 生物技術工業常用的蛋白質表現系統 2
表1.2 利用P. pastoris表現的異源蛋白質 15
表3.1 PCR反應之各項成分 27
表3.2 PCR反應條件 27
表3.3 TA ligation之各項成分 31
表3.4 pOptima-hG-CSF DNA以限制酶(EcoRI、NotI)水解 34
之反應組成
表3.5 pPIC9K 質體DNA以限制酶(EcoRI、NotI)水解之反 35
應組成
表3.6 接合反應溶液 37
表3.7 pPIC9K-hG-CSF質體 DNA以限制酶(EcoRI、NotI)水 38
解之反應組成
表3.8 pPIC9K-hG-CSF質體 DNA以限制酶(SacI)水解之反應 40
組成

圖1.1 G-CSF蛋白質分子之三級結構 11
圖1.2 P. pastoris代謝甲醇路徑圖 12
圖1.3 異源蛋白質分泌至胞外示意圖 13
圖1.4 表現載體整合進入P. pastoris染色體DNA的方式 14
圖2.1 pPIC9K質體圖 23
圖2.2 pPIC9K multiple cloning site 24
圖2.3 pPIC9K-hG-CSF質體建構示意圖 25
圖3.1 TA vector:pOptima™ cloning vector質體圖 30
圖3.2 轉漬槽示意圖 48
圖3.3 血球計數盤 55
圖3.4 MTT還原成formazan示意圖 56
圖4.1 洋菜膠電泳分析PCR反應擴增的重組基因 66
圖4.2 TA cloning 藍白篩選 67
圖4.3 洋菜膠電泳分析重組基因限制酶片段 68
圖4.4 洋菜膠電泳分析pPIC9K-hG-CSF的限制酶片段 69
圖4.5 Insert基因(上)與資料庫中人類白血球顆粒細胞增生因子基因(下)定序結果 70
圖4.6 重組人類白血球顆粒細胞增生因子基因DNA全長氨基酸轉譯圖 71
圖4.7 以SDS-PAGE及西方點墨法來確認P. pastoris所表現之hG-CSF 72
圖4.8 以SDS-PAGE及西方點墨法分析,通過親和性管柱之重組hG-CSF(native的管柱結果) 73
圖4.9 以SDS-PAGE及西方點墨法分析,通過親和性管柱之重組hG-CSF(denatured的管柱結果) 74
圖4.10 FPLC分子篩液相層析(HiPrep Sephacryl S-200) 75
圖4.11 以SDS-PAGE及西方點墨法分析,經分子篩(HiPrep Sephacryl S-200)液相層析管柱純化之hG-CSF 76
圖4.12 測試於培養基中有無添加1.25% DMSO對HL-60細胞增生的影響 77
圖4.13 HL-60細胞經hG-CSF(denatured,實驗3.5.2)處理後,以細胞計數觀察細胞增生的變化 78
圖4.14 HL-60細胞經hG-CSF(12~19)及hG-CSF(21~34)處理後,以細胞計數觀察細胞增生的變化 79
圖4.15 利用MTT assay方法分析不同濃度的hG-CSF(21~34)對HL-60細胞增生的影響 80
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