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系統識別號 U0002-2006201701300500
中文論文名稱 不同反芻反應風格者進行觀點轉換書寫之文本分析
英文論文名稱 Text Analysis of Perspective-shifting Writing by People with Different Ruminative Response Styles
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Educational Psychology and Counseling
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生中文姓名 謝欣格
研究生英文姓名 Hsin-Ko Hsieh
學號 602690397
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2017-06-14
論文頁數 91頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊明磊
委員-余景文
委員-宋鴻燕
中文關鍵字 反芻反應風格  觀點轉換書寫  文本分析 
英文關鍵字 ruminative response styles  perspective-shifting writing  text analysis 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學教育學
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討深思反省與苦惱自責者兩種不同反芻反應風格者,以及高、低反芻傾向者的思考型態,分別以什麼樣的書寫語言呈現在觀點轉換書寫文本中,兩兩一組進行文本比較分析。此外本研究亦探討觀點轉換書寫從自身轉換到對方、第三者觀點,這三種觀點文本的語言特性與心理意涵。
研究發現如下:
一、深思反省者於文本的敘述者與敘述內容保持一定距離,客觀事件描述交代明確,主觀情緒表達較少。苦惱自責者於文本的敘述者較貼近敘述內容,表達較豐富的內在想法與感受。
二、高反芻傾向者於自身觀點的事件描述相當詳細,自身和對方觀點的敘述焦點通常圍繞在敘述者身上。低反芻傾向者於自身觀點之事件描述簡要,缺乏具體細節,語氣較為平淡理性。
三、自身觀點文本的客觀外在描述與主觀內在表達皆相當豐富,使用較多第一人稱單數、負面心理狀態詞與因果詞。對方觀點文本的述內容顯示了書寫者如何感同身受,以對方角度發聲的能力。人稱使用雖仍以第一人稱單數為主,不過第一人稱複數和第三人稱單數為所有觀點中使用最多。認知詞使用也有增加的趨勢。第三者觀點文本的客觀外在描述與主觀內在表達皆少。認知詞、中性和正向心理狀態詞為所有觀點中使用最多。人稱詞使用種類較為廣泛。
英文摘要 The research aims at investigating (a) how people with different ruminative response styles (reflection and brooding) would recall and write their negative interpersonal experiences from different perspectives; (b) how high ruminators and low ruminators would recall and write their negative interpersonal experiences from different perspectives; (c) exploring what language properties and psychological meanings would be suggested by different perspectives writing, included the field, the other, and the third-person perspective.
The results are presented as follow:
1.In comparison with the reflective and the brooding ruminators, the reflective ruminators keeping their distance from narration, describe more details about the interpersonal events, and less about their feelings. The brooding ruminators are relatively close to their narration with abundant expression of their inner thoughts and feelings.
2.In comparison with high and low ruminators, the high ruminators describe more interpersonal events with the field perspective. And the narratives with the other and third person perspective mostly focus on the narrators themselves. In contrast, the low ruminators sketch the interpersonal events briefly without concrete descriptions about what really happened to them at that time. As such, the low ruminators with the field perspective narrated their experiences more rationally.
3.The field perspective texts are full of the objective description and the subjective expression, in which the first person singular pronouns, negative descriptive words for mood, and causal words are more frequently used. As for the narrative of the other perspective, it shows how the narrators step in the other’s shoes and articulate their thoughts in the other’s mouth. The major pronouns used in the other perspective is still the first person singular pronouns, and the first person plural pronouns as well as the third-person singular pronouns are both the most frequently used of all the perspectives. In the third person perspective texts, though the objective description and the subjective expression are both less than other perspectives, the cognitive words, neutral and positive descriptive words for mood are the most frequently used among all of the perspectives. Besides, the third person texts show more various pronouns than other perspectives.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的與研究問題 5
第三節 名詞釋義 6
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 反芻思考的特性與理論 7
第二節 自我聚焦與反芻思考的交會 12
第三節 正念、去中心對憂鬱反芻的療效 17
第四節 觀點轉換書寫於反芻思考的適用性 18
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究對象 21
第二節 研究工具 21
第三節 研究程序 24
第四章 研究結果
第一節 研究參與者的整體特性 32
第二節 不同反芻反應風格者的文本比較分析 36
第三節 高、低反芻傾向者的文本比較分析 46
第四節 自身、對方、第三者觀點的文本比較分析 58
第五章 討論與建議
第一節 討論 67
第二節 研究限制與建議 75
參考文獻
中文部分 78
英文部分 79
附錄
附錄一:中文版反應風格量表修訂短版使用授權書 87
附錄二:研究參與同意書 88
附錄三:觀點轉換書寫說明書 89

表目次
表 1不同來源與發佈管道回收之有效問卷整理 26
表 2 BDI篩選前後之問卷份數於各組分佈情形 27
表 3 研究參與者人口變項特性(N=225) 32
表 4 研究參與者BDI得分篩選與自殺意念人數於性別、學院的分布情況 33
表 5 研究參與者憂鬱程度之描述統計 34
表 6 研究參與者反應風格之描述統計 34
表 7三段觀點轉換書寫之研究參與人數 35
表 8深思反省者不同觀點之書寫字數 36
表 9深思反省者回憶之人際事件發生時間、對象,與其之關係一覽表 37
表 10深思反省者於不同觀點使用之人稱字詞數量 37
表 11深思反省者於不同觀點使用之B類字詞數量 38
表 12苦惱自責者不同觀點之書寫字數 39
表 13苦惱自責者回憶之人際事件發生時間、對象,與其之關係一覽表 40
表 14苦惱自責者於不同觀點使用之人稱字詞數量 40
表 15 苦惱自責者於不同觀點使用之B類字詞數量 41
表 16深思反省者與苦惱自責者於不同觀點使用B3、B5、B2類的字詞數量 44
表 17深思反省者與苦惱自責者於不同觀點使用B4、B6W類的字詞數量 44
表 18深思反省者與苦惱自責者於不同觀點的敘述回憶方式 45
表 19高反芻傾向者不同觀點之書寫字數 46
表 20高反芻傾向者回憶之人際事件發生時間、對象,與其之關係一覽表 47
表 21高反芻傾向者於不同觀點使用之人稱字詞數量 48
表 22高反芻傾向者於不同觀點使用之B類字詞數量 48
表 23低反芻傾向者不同觀點之書寫字數 50
表 24低反芻傾向者回憶之人際事件發生時間、對象,與其之關係一覽表 50
表 25低反芻傾向者於不同觀點使用之人稱字詞數量 51
表 26低反芻傾向者於不同觀點使用之B類字詞數量 52
表 27高反芻傾向者與低反芻傾向者於不同觀點的敘述回憶方式 58
表 28不同觀點之書寫字數 59
表 29回憶之人際事件發生時間、對象,與其之關係一覽表 60
表 30不同觀點使用之人稱字詞數量 61
表 31不同觀點使用之B類字詞數量 61
表 32不同觀點文本綜合分析一覽表 66
表 33每個字詞類別使用次數最多之觀點及次數一覽表 66
圖目次
圖 1 研究程序圖 24
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