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系統識別號 U0002-2006201216310800
中文論文名稱 商品自由流通原則下歐盟農產品地理標示保護之研究
英文論文名稱 The Study of EU's Protected Geographical Indications of Agricultural Products under the Aspect of Free Movement of Goods.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 歐洲研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of European Studies
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 徐詠硯
研究生英文姓名 Yung-Yen, Hsu
學號 698290425
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2012-06-08
論文頁數 67頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳麗娟
委員-陳昭華
委員-陳曉慧
中文關鍵字 歐洲聯盟  內部市場  商品自由流通  地理標示  原產地標示 
英文關鍵字 European Union  Internal Market  Free Movement of Goods  Geographical Indications  Designations of Origin 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 自1958年歐洲經濟共同體創立以來,建立內部市場一直是歐盟的首要目標,商品自由流通為歐盟的四大基本市場自由之一,也是達成內部市場的重要基礎。為了進一步保障農民收入並穩定歐盟內部的糧食供給,歐盟於1962年實施共同農業政策,並達到增加產量、穩定農產品價格等目標,之後歐盟逐漸重視鄉村發展、食品品質與安全等。地理標示保護為歐盟維護產品品質的重要方式,1992年歐盟通過農產品與食品地理標示與原產地標示保護規章,建立了在歐盟層級的地理標示保護制度。


在商品自由流通的原則下,一會員國合法生產與銷售之商品得在其他會員國自由流通,然而地理標示保護的法規卻可能對內部市場構成貿易上的障礙,本論文以歐洲法院與地理名稱有關之標示的相關判決作為研究的案例,希冀探討歐盟地理標示保護的發展,進一步分析在商品自由流通原則下地理標示保護造成的爭議。
英文摘要 The establishment of the Internal Market is the EU's primary goal since establishing the European Economic Community in 1958. The free movement of goods is one of the four fundamental movements in the European Internal Market. The free movement of goods is also an important basis to complete the European Internal Market. The free movement of goods applies to agricultural products. The EU has executed the Common Agricultural Policy since 1962, the goal of the Common Agricultural Policy contributes to enhancing productivity, stabilizing the price of agricultural products, developing rural areas, strengthening food quality and safety. The protection of geographical indications is one of the instruments of maintaining food quality in the EU. The EU has enacted a regulation regarding the protection of the geographical indications and designations of origin in 1992 to create an EU-wide protection system for the geographical indications.

This thesis works on the development of the EU's protection system for geographical indications under the aspect of the free movement of goods. The case law of the European Court of Justice plays an important role for this development. Therefore, this thesis also works on the case law of the European Court of Justice to describe this development and analyse how to solve the conflicts between the protection of geographical indications and the free movement of goods.
論文目次 目次
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
一、研究動機 1
二、研究目的 4
第二節 研究方法 4
第三節 文獻評論 5
第四節 研究範圍與限制 10
一、研究範圍 10
二、研究限制 11
第五節 研究架構 12
第二章 商品自由流通原則 15
第一節 歐盟的商品自由流通原則 15
一、關稅同盟 15
二、禁止採取進、出口限額措施 16
第二節 商品自由流通原則的例外情形 19
一、歐盟運作條約第36條 19
二、比例原則 21
三、農產品適用商品自由流通原則之情形 21
第三節 與地理名稱有關標示之保護與商品自由流通的關係 22
第三章 與地理名稱有關標示的案例發展 25
第一節 1992年前之案例 25
一、1974年的Sekt案 25
二、1990年的Delhaize案 26
三、1991年的Exportur案 28
四、小結 29
第二節 1992年後之案例 30
一、1995年的Rioja案 30
二、1997年的Gorgonzola案 31
三、2001年的Parma案 33
四、小結 34
第三節 非地理名稱取得保護之爭議 35
一、Feta的源由 35
二、Feta取得原產地標示保護的過程 36
三、考量Feta是否成為通用名稱的依據 40
四、小結 42
第四章 歐盟農產品地理標示保護制度 43
第一節 歐盟農產品地理標示制度之演進 43
一、歐盟農產品地理標示制度的立法背景 43
二、歐盟農產品地理標示制度與TRIPS的關係 45
第二節 歐盟農產品地理標示現行法規 47
一、立法目標 47
二、適用範圍 48
三、保護類別 48
四、申請登記之程序 50
五、使用之標示 53
六、獲得之保護 54
第三節 地理標示保護之效益與發展概況 55
一、地理標示保護之效益 55
二、歐盟地理標示及原產地標示的登記情況 57
第五章 結論 61
參考文獻 63

圖次
<圖1-1>研究架構圖 14
<圖4-1>申請登記程序圖 52
<圖4-2>歐盟原產地標示之標誌 53
<圖4-3>歐盟地理標示之標誌 54

表次
<表4-1>歐盟27國原產地標示與地理標示數量表 57





參考文獻 中文資料
專書
方彬彬(1995),「產地標示之保護─公平法與智產法系列六」,徐火明主編,台北市:三民書局。
王泰銓(2008),歐洲聯盟法總論,台北市:台灣智庫。
陳麗娟(2010),里斯本條約後歐洲聯盟新面貌,台北:五南圖書出版公司。
陳麗娟(2010),歐洲經濟法,台北:五南圖書出版公司。
期刊
陳昭華(2003),地理標示保護之研究,輔仁法學,第二十五期,頁1-69。
韓寶珠(2004),歐盟共同農業政策改革與啟示,農政與農情,第143期,頁53-62。
研究報告
李崇僖/李素華(2003),「我國實施WTO 與貿易相關智慧財產權協定(TRIPS)對國內智慧財產權發展之影響及未來配合國際智慧財產權發展的因應策略」,國際經貿事務研究及培訓中心計畫。
溫芳宜(2008),「美國、歐盟及日本農業改革政策與WTO 農業談判互動關係之研究」,97年度國際經貿事務研究及培訓中心計畫子計畫一:專題研究(5)。
英文資料
專書
Barnard, Catherine (2010), The Substantive Law of the EU - The Four Freedoms, United States: Oxford University Press Inc.
Berry, Elspeth/Hargreaves, Sylvia (2007), European Union Law, United States: Oxford.
Blakeney, Michael (2009), Intellectual Property Rights and Food Security, UK: CABI Head Office.
Echols, Marsha A. (2008), Geographical Indications for Food Products: International Legal and Regulatory Perspectives, The Netherlands: Kluwer Law International.
European Commission (2006), Fact Sheet European Policy For Quality Agricultural Products, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
European Commission (2010), Free movement of goods - Guide to the application of Treaty provisions governing the free movement of goods, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
European Commission (2010), Agriculture in the European Union - Statistical and Economic information – Report 2010, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Kaczorowska, Alina (2011), European Union Law, USA and Canada: Routledge.
London Economics (2008), Evaluation of the CAP policy on protected designations of origin (PDO) and protected geographical indications (PGI) Final Report, London: London Economics.
MacMaolain, Caoimhin (2007), EU Food Law Protecting Consumers and Health in a Common Market, North America: Hart Publishing.
O’Connor, Bernard (2004), The Law of Geographical Indications, UK: Cameron May Ltd.
Seville, Catherine (2009), EU Intellectual Property Law and Policy, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.
Tridimas, Takis (1999), The General Principles of EC Law, United States: Oxford University Press Inc.
期刊
Armistead, Jeffrey (2000), “Whose Cheese Is It Anyway? Correctly Slicing the European Regulation Concerning Protections for Geographical Indications,” Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems, Vol. 10, pp. 303-324.
Becker, Tilman (2009), “European Food Quality Policy: The Importance of Geographical Indications, Organic Certification and Food Quality Assurance Schemes in European Countries,” The Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 113-130.
Bowen, Sarah (2010), “Embedding Local Places in Global Spaces: Geographical Indications as a Territorial Development Strategy,” Rural Sociology, Vol. 75, No. 2, pp. 209-243.
Caenegem, W. van (2004), “Registered GIs: Intellectual Property, Agricultural Trade,” European Intellectual Property Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 170-181.
Evans, Gail (2010), “The Strategic Exploitation of Geographical Indications and Community Trademarks for the Marketing of Agricultural Products in the European Union,” The WIPO Journal: Analysis of Intellectual Property Issues, Vol. 1, Iss. 2, pp. 159-179.
Faulhaber, Lilian V. (2005), “Cured Meat and Idaho Potatoes: A Comparative Analysis of European and American Protection and Enforcement of Geographic Indications of Foodstuffs,” Columbia Journal of European Law, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 623-664.
Ibele, Erik W. (2009), “The Nature and Function of Geographical Indications in Law,” The Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 36-49.
Jokuti, Andras (2009), “Where is the What if the What is in Why? A Rough Guide to the Maze of Geographical Indications,” European Intellectual Property Review, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 118-123.
Josling, Tim (2006), “The War on Terroir: Geographical Indications as a Transatlantic Trade Conflict,” Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 337-363.
Kaiko, Shimura (2010), “How to Cut the Cheese: Homonymous Names of Registered Geographic Indicators of Foodstuffs in Regulation 510/2006,” Boston College International and Comparative Law Review, Vol. 33, Iss. 1, pp. 129-151.
Kireeva, Irina (2009), “European case law and the WTO ruling on conflicts between geographical indications and trademarks,” ERA Forum, Vol. 10, pp. 199-214.
Kireeva, Irina/O’Connor, Bernard (2010), “Geographical Indications and the TRIPS Agreement: What Protection is provided to Geographical Indications in WTO Members?” The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 275-303.
MacMaolain, Caoimhin (2008), “Waiter! There’s a beetle in my soup. Yes Sir, that’s E120: Disparities between actual individual behavior and regulating food labeling for the average consumer in EU law,” Common Market Law Review, Vol. 45 No. 4, pp. 1147-1165.
Marette, Stephan, et al. (2008), “Recent International and Regulatory Decisions About Geographical Indications,” Agribusiness, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 453-472.
Marie-Vivien, Delphine (2008), “From Plant Variety Definition to Geographical Indication Protection: A Search for the Link Between Basmati Rice and India/Pakistan,” The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 321-344.
Mosca, Jenney (2000), “The Battle Between the Cheeses Signifies the Ongoing Struggle to Protect Designations of Origin Within the European Community and in the United States in Consorzio per la Tutela del Formaggio Gorgonzola v. Kaserei Champignon Hofmeister GmbH & Co. KG,” Tulane Journal of International and ComPtive Law, Vol. 8, pp. 559-599
Oliver, Peter/Enchelmaier, Stefan (2007), “Free Movement of Goods: Recent Developments in the Case Law,” Common Market Law Review, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 649-704.
Profeta, Adriano et al. (2009), “The Protection of Origins for Agricultural Products and Foods in Europe: Status Quo, Problems and Policy Recommendations for the Green Book,” The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol. 12, No. 6, pp. 622-648.
專書論文
Eugui, David Vivas/Spennemann, Christoph (2006),, “The treatment of geographical indications in recent regional and bilateral free trade agreements,” in Meir Perez Pugatch ed., The Intellectual Property Debate, UK: Edward Elgar publishing Limited, pp. 305-344.
Evans, Gail/Blakeney, Michael (2007), “The international protection of geographical indications yesterday, today and tomorrow,” in Guido Westkamp ed., Emerging Issues in Intellectual Property, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, pp. 250-306.
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