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系統識別號 U0002-2006200511414100
中文論文名稱 S-P表於教學之運用─以高中英文課為例
英文論文名稱 The Application of S-P Table in Teaching─An Example of Senior High School English
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 教育科技學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Educational Technology
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生中文姓名 吳信梅
研究生英文姓名 Hsin-mei Wu
學號 792100264
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2005-06-02
論文頁數 219頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡秉燁
委員-王健華
委員-黃雅萍
中文關鍵字 S-P表  教師自編成就測驗  學習成效  紙筆測驗 
英文關鍵字 student-problem score table  teacher-made achievement test  learning performance  paper-and-pencil test 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學教育學
中文摘要 本研究要旨在突破紙筆測驗,只重打分數、排名次,以考試成績的「量的評定」,而忽略「質的分析與診斷」。因此,透過電腦化S-P表分析紙筆英語教學評量結果,以量化指標,判斷試題編製的良窳、改進命題與教學的參考及學習輔導的依據。
在教學歷程中,以教學評量活動評定學生的學習成果,可達三項目的:1.教學前的安置性評量-了解起點行為及適當安置學生。2.教學中的形成性、診斷性評量-確認適當教學活動及調整教學步調;診斷學習困難及激勵學習動機。3.教學後的總結性評量-明瞭學習成果及評定成績等定。在日常考查評量中,教師自編成就測驗卷適合教學對象否?符合教學目標否?在評定教學成效達成與否,先行檢視測驗試題品質,如此測驗評量結果呈現的資料才有實際的作用。教學評量在紙筆測驗的方法下,不重在獲悉評量的結果,而應在深入思考「為何要評量」的問題(Kohn, 1994)。利用評分標準客觀且方便獲得大量資料的紙筆測驗數據,本研究的目的:一、利用電腦程式軟體,建立S-P表,進行測驗分析,以量化指標,提供以下功能:1.診斷學習困難,實施個別輔導。2.,確認教學缺失,調整教學策略。3.判定並修改試題的參考。二、運用S-P表於英語教學,提昇教學成效。
英文摘要 The main idea of the research is to break through the emphasis on the rating scale in paper-and-pencil test evaluation, using the scores as "quantitative assessment" and neglecting "the qualitative analysis and diagnosis". Therefore, through the quantitative indexes from the result of the computerized S-P table analysis on teaching evaluation, it can evaluate the quality of the test construction, improve the test items and teaching, furthermore guide learning.
In the teaching process, the teaching evaluation activities can attain three purposes:1.The arrangement evaluation prior to teaching is to detect the prior knowledge and arrange students properly. 2.The formative and critical evaluation during the teaching is to identify the practical teaching activities or diagnose the learning difficulties to promote learning motivation. 3.The summative evaluation after teaching is to grasp the learning performance and assess achievement ranks. In the daily test evaluation, are the teacher-made tests appropriate for the teaching audience and teaching goals? It's ideal to check the quality of the test before assessing the achievement of the teaching effects, so that the information from assessing the test evaluation can bring forth its function. The main point of the teaching evaluation under the paper-and-pencil test is not in getting the result but in pondering the question "why to evaluate". (Kohn,1994) By using the objective standardized grade and the obtainable numerous test figures, the research plans to reach the following goals: 1.To found a S-P table by computer programming proceeds the test analysis. Based on the quantitative indexes, it provides the following functions : (1)diagnose the learning difficulties and implement individual guidance. (2)find out the teaching faults and adjust teaching strategies. (3)decide the test quality for correction reference. 2. To apply the computerized S-P table to English teaching promotes the teaching effects.
論文目次 第一章緒論1
第一節研究背景和動機1
第二節研究目的3
第三節研究問題4
第四節研究範圍與限制4
第五節研究預期貢獻5
第六節名詞界定5
第二章文獻探討6
第一節精緻教學理論與教學設計6
第二節測驗與評量的相關概念14
第三節教學評量理論與相關研究22
第四節S-P表分析理論與應用32
第三章研究設計與實施50
第一節研究架構50
第二節研究對象53
第三節研究工具53
第四節研究方法與步驟53
第四章研究結果與討論56
第一節教學與測驗的實施程序56
第二節S-P表分析測驗資料68
第三節應用S-P表於教學的成效118
第五章結論與建議120
第一節結論120
第二節建議122
參考文獻124
[中文部分]124
[英文部分]125
附錄130
附錄一130
附錄二141
附錄三154
附錄四165
附錄五174
附錄六180
附錄七187
附錄八195
附錄九202
附錄十210
附錄十一214

圖目次
圖2-1 教學活動六要素7
圖2-2 記憶系統的架構9
圖2-3 教學設計過程模型19
圖2-4 簡化的教學過程模式21
圖2-5 教學過程中的評量27
圖2-6 Glaser基本教學模式28
圖2-7 S曲線與P曲線的定義36
圖2-8 S曲線的形狀與試題間的相互關係圖37
圖2-9 注意係數與得分的對照42
圖2-10 注意係數與答對率的對照43
圖2-11 教學管理流程圖43
圖3-1 S-P表於英語教學評量之研究架構51
圖3-2 研究架構概念圖52
圖3-3 研究架構流程圖53
圖3-4 研究進行的流程55
圖4-1 綜一乙 BK.II L.1 Test1的S-P表70
圖4-2 綜一乙 BK.II L.1 Test1 學生-問題注意係數分析圖71
圖4-3 綜一乙 BK.II L.1 Test2的S-P表77
圖4-4 綜一乙 BK.II L.1 Test2 學生-問題注意係數分析圖78
圖4-5 綜一丁 BK.II L.1 Test1的S-P表83
圖4-6 綜一丁 BK.II L.1 Test1 學生-問題注意係數的分析圖84
圖4-7 綜一丁 BK.II L.1 Test2的S-P表93
圖4-8 綜一丁 BK.II L.1 Test2 學生-問題注意係數的分析圖94
圖4-9 BKII L.1 Test1綜一乙、丁 S-P表之比較103
圖4-10 兩班學生學習類型之比較104
圖4-11 各班試題異質性之比較106
圖4-12 BKII L.1 Test2 綜一乙、丁 S-P表之比較109
圖4-13 兩班學生學習類型之比較110
圖4-14 各班級試題異質性之比較112
圖4-15 綜一乙S-P表的學生追蹤調查116
圖4-16 綜一丁S-P表的學生追蹤調查117
圖4-17 綜一乙 BKII. L.1 Test1與Test2的S-P表比較119
圖4-18 綜一丁 BKII. L.1 Test1與Test2的S-P表比較119

表目次
表2-1 傳統與現代的評量理論23
表2-2 S-P表符號表示35
表2-3 DB (M)的查表值39
表4-1 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test1學生學習類型之診斷104
表4-2 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test1各問題按答對率的高低順序之排列104
表4-3 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test1試題類型區分之教學細項的達成度105
表4-4 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test1各班的問題注意係數105
表4-5 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test1試題類型之統計105
表4-6 綜一乙 BK.2 L.1 Test1按問題類型區分的S-P表107
表4-7 綜一丁 BK.2 L.1 Test1按問題類型區分的S-P表108
表4-8 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test2學生學習類型之診斷110
表4-9 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test2問題按答對率的高低順序排列110
表4-10 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test2試題類型區分之教學細項的達成度111
表4-11 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test2各班的問題注意係數111
表4-12 綜一乙、丁L.1 Test2試題類型之統計111
表4-13 綜一乙 BK.2 L.1 Test2按問題類型區分的S-P表113
表4-14 綜一丁 BK2 L.1 Test2按問題類型區分的S-P表114
表4-15 學習類型的注意係數116
表4-16 注意係數與下回成績的關係116
表4-17 學習類型的注意係數117
表4-18 注意係數與下回成績的關係117
表4-19 各班段考成績的比較118
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