||Investigation of English Speaking Anxiety between
Freshman and Senior English Majors in Taiwan
||Department of English
English Speaking Anxiety
Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety Scale
Oral English Class
Oral English Class Experiences
Oral English Class Expectations
||The study aims to investigate English speaking anxiety between Taiwanese freshman and senior English majors and their expectations and experiences toward oral English classes from students’ perspectives. A hundred and eighty freshmen, who just enrolled in the university, and a hundred and fifty-three seniors, who had already taken many oral English classes, from a private university in northern Taiwan were the subjects of the study and they were required to fill in questionnaires of Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety Scale (FLSAS) to assess their level of speaking anxiety. Six freshman participants and six senior participants from those who were willing to be interviewed were selected respectively for the further interview. The results indicated that both freshmen and seniors felt anxious when they gave wrong answers answering questions and when they knew there will be tests. Besides, freshmen also felt shy and nervous when they spoke in English in front of the stage, and seniors were anxious when they were called on to answer questions. Therefore, they hoped to have small and collaborative oral English classes. Furthermore, they expected to have more opportunities to practice speaking in English and a relaxing atmosphere in an oral English class. Also, discussing in groups, chatting, and interacting were found as being loved by most of the seniors from their experiences. Further pedagogical implications for reducing in-class English speaking anxiety were discussed at the end of the study.
||TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHINESE ABSTRACT ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vii
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
Motivation and Background 1
Statement of the Problems 4
Purpose of the Study 7
Research Questions 7
Significance of the Study 8
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 9
Affective Model in Language Learning 9
Anxiety and Language Learning 10
Defining Anxiety 10
Language Anxiety 13
The Facilitating and Debilitating of Anxiety 14
Foreign Language Anxiety 17
Communicative Apprehension 17
Fear of Negative Evaluation 19
Test Anxiety 20
Anxiety and Foreign Language Speaking 21
Studies Relevant to Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety 21
Studies Relevant to Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety in Taiwan 23
Measures of Levels of Oral Anxiety 25
CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY 30
Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety Scale 34
Part One: Questionnaire 36
Part Two: Interview 38
Data Collection and Data Analysis 38
CHAPTER FOUR RESULTS 40
Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety Scale 40
Freshman English majors 40
Senior English majors 41
Main Analysis 42
Answers to Research Question 1 42
Answers to Research Question 2 55
Answers to Research Question 3 59
CHAPTER FIVE DISCUSSIONS 69
Analysis for Question 1 69
Analysis for Question 2 76
Analysis for Question 3 79
CHAPTER SIX CONCLUSION 86
Pedagogical Implications 87
Limitations of the Study and Recommendation for Future Research 90
Appendix 1: Questionnaire for Freshman English Majors (English Version) 101
Appendix 2: Questionnaire for Freshman English Majors (Chinese Version) 106
Appendix 3: Questionnaire for Senior English Majors (English Version) 110
Appendix 4: Questionnaire for Senior English Majors (Chinese Version) 115
Appendix 5: Interview Guidelines 120
Appendix 6: Results of the FLSAS for Freshman English Majors 121
Appendix 7: Results of the FLSAS for Senior English Majors 123
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 Demographics of the participants for the questionnaire 31
Table 2 Required and selected courses for English majors 32
Table 3 Top Three Items Causing Speaking Anxiety for the Freshmen 43
Table 4 Top Three Items Causing Speaking Anxiety for the Seniors 49
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