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中文論文名稱 探討悅聽活動對台灣大一新生英語聽力策略及自我效能的發展
英文論文名稱 Exploring Taiwan University Freshman Students Development of Listening Strategies and Self Efficacy through Extensive Listening Activities
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 102
學期 1
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 蘇子堯
研究生英文姓名 Tzu-Yao Su
學號 698110078
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-01-20
論文頁數 124頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡瑞敏
委員-李利德
委員-薛玉政
中文關鍵字 英語閱聽活動  英語聽力測略  自我效能 
英文關鍵字 action research  extensive listening  listening fluency  EFL freshman  listening strategy  self efficacy 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文旨在探討英語悅聽(Extensive Listening)活動對台灣大一新生聽力策略及自我效能之影響。本研究以四十位台灣大一非英文系學生為對象,透過為期12週的英語悅聽活動,藉由課內活動設計及課後英語悅聽計畫,來檢視學生聽力策略的使用及其英語聽力自我效能的影響及發展。
研究期間以師生討論紀錄、課後學習單、自我效能問卷、悅聽活動問卷、和半結構式訪談、檢核表、動機量表等工具蒐集研究資料。研究工具包括「英語聽力學習策略調查表」、「英語自我效能量表」與「訪談紀錄」等。
研究結果顯示,學生能自行在英語悅聽活動中產生學習策略,且學生認為英語悅聽活動能幫助提升英語聽力學習的自信心,其中有三十六位學生同意英語悅聽活動在其英語聽力學習過程中產生了正面的效果。然而,本研究亦認為部分程度較弱的學生在從事英語悅聽活動時,需要有指導者從旁協助。
英文摘要 The current study followed an action research which aimed to explore the effects of the implementation of extensive listening in Taiwan college freshman listening class. The study was conducted with forty college freshman native Mandarin speakers aged eighteen or nineteen for a period of one semester. The researcher of the study was also the participant students’ English teacher who observed, developed, and adjusted the instruction to assist and guide students to engage in extensive listening activities in and outside of the classroom.
There were four major sources to collect data for the study: teacher’s notes from after-class conversation with the students, eight-week student worksheets, self efficacy questionnaire, extensive listening perception questionnaire, and semi-structured interview. The data analysis in this study aimed to answer research questions regarding listening strategies generated by students, students’ adoption of listening strategies taught in classroom, students’ self efficacy in English listening, and their perceptions on the experience in the extensive listening activities.
The result showed that the participants in this study generated both cognitive and metacognitive strategies to overcome obstacles in extensive listening practice outside the classroom. They also adopted strategies instructed by the researcher in class. Regarding self efficacy, findings of the study suggest that the extensive listening help the students develop confidence to deal with listening tasks in the future. And finally, the students generally perceived the experience with the average of 36 students out of forty agree on the positive effect. However, it is also suggested that lower-level listeners may not be ready for doing extensive listening without explicit instructions.
論文目次 Acknowledgements …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… i
Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ii
Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ii
List of Tables …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… iii

Chapter One Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………… 1
1.1 Research background ………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
1.2 Statement of the problem Study …………………………………………………………… 2
1.3 Purposes of the Study …………………………………………………………………………………… 6
1.4 Research Questions …………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
1.5 Significant of the Study …………………………………………………………………………… 9
1.6 Definition of terms ……………………………………………………………………………………… 11

Chapter Two Literature Review ……………………………………………………………………… 12
2.1 What is extensive listening? ……………………………………………………………… 12
2.2 Extensive reading and extensive listening …………………………… 18
2.3 Studies of extensive listening ………………………………………………………… 20
2.4 Implementation of extensive listening ……………………………………… 24
2.5 Studies of learners’ English listening problems and strategies used …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26
2.6 Studies of listening strategies ……………………………………………………… 30

Chapter Three Methodology ………………………………………………………………………………… 32
3.1 Research design ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32
3.2 Participants ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33
3.3 Materials ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35
3.4 In-class listening activities …………………………………………………………… 43
3.5 Data collection procedure …………………………………………………………………………48
3.6 Trustworthiness ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 53
3.7 Data analysis ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 54

Chapter Four Results and Discussion ……………………………………………………… 55
4.1 What strategies did the students generate to overcome
listening difficulties in extensive listening …………………………… 55
4.2 How do the students adopt the listening strategies which were provided through in-class activities? …………………………………… 74
4.3 To what extent does the application of extensive listening practice affect students’ self-efficacy when listening? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………77
4.4 What are the students’ perceptions of their extensive listening practice outside the classroom? …………………………………………82
4.5 Discussion of the study …………………………………………………………………………… 88

Chapter Five Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………………… 96
5.1 Summary of the study …………………………………………………………………………………… 96
5.2 Implications and pedagogical suggestion ……………………………… 101
5.3 Limitations of the study and suggestions for future studies …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………103
5.4 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 104
References ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 105
Appendices ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 115

List of Tables
Table 3-1: The material criteria for students is adopted from Waring (2008).......................................................................................................................... 38
Table 3-2: The material criteria for teachers is adopted from Waring (2008) ......................................................................................................................... 45
Table 3-3: Extensive Listening Data Collection Procedures ................................. 52
Table 3-4: Research questions and data sources .................................................... 54
Table 4: Number of students reposes and average ratings on the questionnaire ............................................................................................................. 81
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