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系統識別號 U0002-1907201012461500
中文論文名稱 區域間技術外溢效果與經濟成長:以歐盟為例
英文論文名稱 The Impacts of Inter-regional Spillovers on Total Economic Growth: A Case Study of EU
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 詹淳婷
研究生英文姓名 Chun-Ting Chan
學號 697540697
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-05-17
論文頁數 49頁
口試委員 指導教授-林佩蒨
委員-林俊宏
委員-楊志海
中文關鍵字 空間計量  經濟成長  技術外溢  空間外溢 
英文關鍵字 Spatial Econometrics  Economic Growth  Technology spillovers  Spatial spillovers 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學經濟學
中文摘要 在全球化的浪潮下,國與國之間的互動藉由貿易、跨國投資、或因地理相近所產生技術外溢的機會隨之增加,但相對於藉由貿易以及跨國投資所帶來的技術外溢效果文獻,探討因地理位置相近所產生的技術外溢效果的跨國研究較少且尚未考慮區域性經貿組織之技術外溢效果對經濟成長的影響。本研究選取1993 年至2007 年歐盟聯盟內的27 國作為研究對象,建立以空間地理以及區域經貿組織資訊建立國與國之間互動權數矩陣,並以此刻畫國與國之間技術外溢的程度,再
將由理論推導出之成長迴歸式結合空間計量的技巧,估計區域間之技術外溢效果如何影響經濟成長,以期能提供國家參與區域經貿組織或區域合作以作為促進國家經濟發展的政策參考。實證結果顯示:
1. 以加入同一區域組織與否作為準則比起地理關聯的鄰接(contiguity)準則更適合運用在描述國家與國家經濟互動外溢效果對經濟成長的影響。另外,從我們的研究發現,國家與國家之間未能觀察到的總體經濟衝擊也會影響鄰近國家或是同一區域組織的經濟成長。
2. 以所得收斂假說分析結果時發現,僅在成熟歐盟樣本國家中得到驗證,在新興歐盟樣本國家中卻不成立。同時也發現比起一般的經濟成長模型,成熟歐盟國家在納入空間計量後的確收斂速度更快,顯示成熟歐盟國家間經濟互動的外溢效果強化了所得追趕效果。
英文摘要 Under the wave of globalization, the chances of technology spillover occurringamong countries through trade, foreign direct investment (FDI) or adjacent geographical location have risen. Relative to the stream of literature focuses on the spillover effect through trade and FDI, however, fewer papers have discussed the spillover effect in the perspective of geographic location. To further investigate the impact of spatial spillovers on economic growth, this study incorporates the information about regional economic agreement of geographic location to construct a matrix which can proximate the interaction between countries, using the data for 27 economies in the European Union (EU) over the 1993-2007 period. By applying the technique of spatial econometrics on the derived growth regression, we can estimate the impact of regional spillover effect on economic growth. Our main findings are as follows:
1. Comparing to the adjacent geographical location, the participation of a regional organization is a more suitable proxy to describe the interaction between countries and thus deliver more significant results to support the finding of regional spillover effect on economic growth. In addition, the unobserved economic shocks of a country will also significantly affect the economic growth of its neighboring countries.
2. The hypothesis of income convergence can only be supported by the data of advanced EU countries. In addition, the speed of convergence estimated from the
spatial econometric growth model for the advanced EU countries is faster than that obtained from the traditional growth regression, thus lending further evidence for the
impact of international spillovers on the catch-up effect.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
第一節 有關技術外溢效果對經濟成長的文獻 5
第二節 有關空間計量經濟學的文獻 7
一、空間計量經濟學的緣起 7
二、以地理基準衡量空間效果之相關文獻 8
三、以組織基準衡量外溢效果 10
第三章 研究方法與實證模型 12
第一節 理論模型 12
第二節 實證模型 16
一、固定效果之縱橫資料模型(Fixed effect model, FEM) 17
二、空間計量迴歸模型 17
三、空間加權矩陣 19
第四章 資料來源與變數建立 21
第一節 樣本說明 21
第二節 變數定義以及資料來源 23
第三節 變數的敘述統計量與描述 26
第五章 實證分析結果及其意涵 29
第一節 模型估計結果 29
一、固定效果之縱橫資料模型分析結果 29
二、空間計量方法之迴歸模型分析結果 31
第二節 總結分析結果及其意涵 37
第六章 結論 40
參考文獻 42

表目錄

表1-1 組織型態定義 3
表4-1 總樣本國家 22
表4-2 成熟歐盟國家之敘述統計量 27
表4-3 新興歐盟國家之敘述統計量 28
表5-1 FEM迴歸方程式估計值 31
表5-2 以地理基準衡量外溢效果的SEM模型迴歸結果 33
表5-3 以地理基準衡量外溢效果的SAR模型和SAC模型之迴歸分析 38
表5-4 同時以地理基準與加入同一區域組織基準衡量外溢效果的SAR模型和SAC模型之迴歸分析 39
附錄表1附錄表1地理鄰接對稱矩陣 45
附錄表2距離倒數對稱矩陣 46
附錄表3組織加入對稱矩陣(1995年以前加入) 47
附錄表4組織加入對稱矩陣(2004年前加入) 48
附錄表5組織加入對稱矩陣(2004年後加入) 49
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