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中文論文名稱 通貨膨脹目標化與資本累積:一個不完全競爭市場下的總體模型
英文論文名稱 Inflation Targeting and Capital Accumulation:a Imperfect Competition Market in Macroeconomics Theory
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 產業經濟學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Economics
學年度 93
學期 2
出版年 94
研究生中文姓名 秦康偉
研究生英文姓名 Kang-Wei Chin
學號 692510315
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2005-06-27
論文頁數 35頁
口試委員 指導教授-蕭明福
委員-林佩蒨
委員-張俊仁
中文關鍵字 通貨膨脹目標  不完全競爭 
英文關鍵字 inflation targeting  monetary policy  imperfect competition 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學經濟學
中文摘要 本篇文章設計一個價格具僵固性 (stickiness) 之不完全競爭市場的貨幣經濟體系,且消費受限於所持有貨幣餘額的想法,建立一般化的模型。同時考慮不完全競爭市場及貨幣面因素,並於政府預算平衡的前提,探討政府採取通貨膨脹的穩定政策而釘住特定的通貨膨脹率時,對相關總體經濟變數和經濟成長率的影響。研究所得之主要結論為,中央銀行利用通貨膨脹目標法則執行通貨膨脹目標政策時,必須先清楚的了解體系內的經濟結構,使得中央銀行政策變動時可幫助民眾了解到未來通貨膨脹的變化,迅速調整對物價的預期,進而達成物價穩定與充分就業的目的,對於中央銀行來說可以消除對於未來物價水準的不確定性。反之,若中央銀行對於經濟體系結構不清楚明瞭的話,中央銀行執行通貨膨脹目標政策欲逹成政策目標時,反而會造成不確定性的經濟影響。
英文摘要 This is paper use inflation targeting as monetary policy to control money growth rule in a cash-in-advance economy with capital under imperfect competition.
We present analytical results showing that, when the central authorities understand economy framework to use inflation targeting as monetary policy can increase economy’s growth rate and stable price level. On the other hand, when the central authorities do not understand economy framework to use inflation targeting as monetary policy can result in real indeterminacy.
論文目次 第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背影與動機………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………5
第三節 本文架構………………………………………………………5
第二章 文獻回顧……………………………………………………………6
第三章 理論模型……………………………………………………………12
第一節 經濟環境………………………………………………………13
第二節 對稱均衡………………………………………………………21
第三節 政府的長期效果………………………………………………23
第四章 結論及建議…………………………………………………………30
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………35


圖表目次
圖1…………………………………………………………………………32
圖2a ………………………………………………………………………32
圖2b ………………………………………………………………………32
圖3…………………………………………………………………………32
圖4…………………………………………………………………………33
圖5a ………………………………………………………………………33
圖5b ………………………………………………………………………33
圖6…………………………………………………………………………33
圖7…………………………………………………………………………34
圖8a ………………………………………………………………………34
圖8b ………………………………………………………………………34
圖9…………………………………………………………………………34
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Benhabib, J. and R. Farmer (1994), “Indeterminacy and Growth,” Journal of Economic Theory 63, 19-41.
Bernanke, B. S. Laubach, T. Mishkin, F. S. and A. S. Posen (1999), Inflation Targeting, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Bénassy, J. P. (1995), “Money and Wage Contracts in an Optimizing Model of the Business Cycle,” Journal of Monetary Economics 35, 303-315.
Blanchard, O. J. and N. Kiyotaki (1987), “Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand,” American Economic Review 77, 647-666.
Cooley, T. F. and G. D. Hansen (1995), “Money and the Business Cycle,” in Frontiers of Business Cycle Research, in T. F. Cooley, ed., Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Calvo, G. (1983), “Staggered Prices in a Utility-Maximizing Framework,” Journal of Monetary Economics 12, 383-398.
Christiano, L. J. Eichenbaum, M. and C. L. Evans (2001), “Nominal Rigidities and the Dynamic Effects of a Shock to Monetary Policy,” NBER Working Paper, No. 8403.
Dixit, A. K. and J. E. Stiglitz (1977), “Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity,” American Economic Review, 67, 297-308.
Dixon, H. (1987), “A Simple Model of Imperfect Competition with Walrasian Features,” Oxford Economic Papers, 39, 134-160.

Grilli, V. Masciandaro, D. and G. Tabelline (1991), “Political and Monetary Institutions and Public Financial Policies in the Industrial Countries,” Economic Policy 13, 341-92.
Goodfriend, M. and R. G. King (1997), “The New Neoclassical Synthesis and the Role of Monetary Policy,” NBER Macroeconomics Annual.
Hornstein, A. (1993), “Monopolistic Competition, Increasing Returns to Scale, and the Importance of Productivity Shocks,” Journal of Monetary Economics 31, 299-316.
King, R. G. and A. L. Wolman (1999), “What Should the Monetary Authority Do when Prices are Sticky?” in J.B. Taylor, ed., Monetary Policy Rules, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kydland, F. E. and E. C. Prescott (1977), “Rules Rather than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans,” Journal of Political Economy 85, 473-491.
Magnus J. and P. Stefan (2003), Inflation, Markups and Monetary Policy, Sveriges Riks bank Working Paper Series, No. 148.
Svensson, L. E. O. (1997), “Inflation Forecast Targeting: Implementing and Monitoring Inflation Targets,” European Economic Review 41, 1111-1146.
Svensson, L. E. O. (1999b), “Inflation Targeting as a Monetary Policy Rule, ” Journal of Monetary Economics 43, 607-654.
Taylor, J. B. (1993), “Discretion versus Policy Rules in Practice,” Carnegie Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 39, 195-214.
Schmitt-Grohé, S. and M. Uribe (2004d), “Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy under Imperfect Competition,” Journal of Macroeconomics 26, 183-209.
Schmitt-Grohé, S. and M. Uribe (2004d), “Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy under Sticky Prices,” Journal of Economic Theory 114, 198-230.
Startz, R. (1989), “Monopolistic Competition as a Foundation for Keynesian Macroeconomic Models,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 104,737-752.

Stockman, A. C. (1981), “Anticipated Inflation and the Capital Stock in a Cash-in-advance Economy,” Journal of Monetary Economics 8, 387-393.
Woodford, M. D. (2003), “Inflation Targeting and Optimal Monetary Policy,” Manuscript, Princeton University.
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