淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-1906201201282900
中文論文名稱 開啟創造力大門!從正向心理學探究學生之創造力-以資訊科系學生為例
英文論文名稱 Gate to Creativity! A Positive Psychology Approach to Explore Students' Creativity - The Case of Information Department Students
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊管理學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Information Management
學年度 100
學期 2
出版年 101
研究生中文姓名 曹育瑋
研究生英文姓名 Yu-Wei Tsao
學號 699630991
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2012-05-26
論文頁數 59頁
口試委員 指導教授-游佳萍
委員-梁德昭
委員-衛信文
委員-伍台國
中文關鍵字 創造力  正向心理學  主觀幸福感  角色認同 
英文關鍵字 Creativity  Positive Psychology  Subjective Well-being  Role Identity 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學管理學
學科別社會科學資訊科學
中文摘要   近年來資訊科技產業發展迅速,許多具有創造力的獨特產品不斷地推陳出新,創造力成為了左右產品競爭力的絕對因素。具有創造力的新興產品,才有辦法在當今市場上佔有一席之地。因此,如何培養學生的創造力,便成了學界值得探討的問題。
  本研究使用質性研究方法的深度訪談方式,輔以內容分析方法進行資料分析。與以往從事創造力教育的獎懲方法不同,本研究從學生之個人人格特質著手,希望研究正向心理學之「主觀幸福感」、「正向心理資本」、「角色認同」等細項,對於資訊科系學生創造力學習成效之影響,並歸納出不同種類的創造力人格類型。研究結果證實,正向心理學與創造力的確有正向的影響關係,而學生之不同的「正向心理資本」,對於創造力教育訓練也會有直接或間接的影響。藉此可針對不同創造力類型與不同人格特質之學生,給予不同的創造力教育建議,以提供後續進行創造力教育訓練之參考。
英文摘要   Information technology industry has developed rapidly in recent years, many creative unique product innovations, creativity has become an absolute factor of about the competitiveness of products. New products with creativity, the only way to gain competitive advantage in today’s market. Therefore, how to develop students' creativity, has become the academic worth exploring. In this research, depth interviews, supplemented by content analysis method, proceed from the individual personality of the students, the hope of Positive Psychology include Subjective Well-being, Positive Psychological Capital, Role Identity, the impact of learning outcomes for students’ creativity, and summed up the creativity of personality types. The research results confirmed that Positive Psychology and creativity there is indeed a positive impact on the relationship between students of different Positive Psychological Capital for creativity education will have a direct or indirect impact. Giving the creativity education proposals to students of different creativity types with different personality traits. Providing follow-up creativity educational reference.
論文目次 1. 緒論 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 1
1.1 研究背景與動‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧1
2. 文獻探討‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 3
2.1 創造力‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧3
2.1.1 壓 面 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 3
2.1.2 個人面‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧4
2.1.3 流程面‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧5
2.1.4 產出面‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧6
2.2 正向心理學‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧7
2.2.1 正向心理資本‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧8
2.2.2 主觀幸福感‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧9
2.2.3 角色認同 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 10
3. 研究方法‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧11
3.1 研究個案‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 11
3.2 訪談流程‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 12
3.3 內容分析‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 18
4. 資料分析‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧25
4.1 分析創造力類別A ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 31
4.2 分析創造力類別B ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 35
4.3 分析創造力類別C ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 39
4.4 分析創造力類別D ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 43
5. 結論與建議‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧47
5.1 研究結果‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 47
5.2 研究貢獻‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 48
5.3 研究限制‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 49
6. 參考文獻‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧50
附錄A 研究訪談問卷(創意競賽之參與人員)‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧55
附錄B 研究訪談問卷(創意競賽之發問者)‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧57

表目錄
表1 Gallagher創造力歷程四階段理論 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 5
表2 訪談對象分類表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧12
表3 問卷之問項參考文獻整理 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧15
表4 研究設計整理表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧17
表5 資料蒐集整理表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧18
表6 編碼定義 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧19
表7 編碼信度表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧24
表8 創造力變數句數統計表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧26
表9 個案所屬創造力類別表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧27
表10 各類別主觀幸福感句數統計表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 28
表11 各類別正向心理資本句數統計表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 28
表12 各類別角色認同句數統計表 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 30
表13 創造力類別A內個案之主觀幸福感詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧‧31
表14 創造力類別A內個案之正向心理資本詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧33
表15 創造力類別A內個案之角色認同詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧‧‧34
表16 創造力類別B內個案之主觀幸福感詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧‧36
表17 創造力類別B內個案之正向心理資本詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧37
表18 創造力類別B內個案之角色認同詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧‧‧38
表19 創造力類別C內個案之主觀幸福感詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧‧40
表20 創造力類別C內個案之正向心理資本詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧41
表21 創造力類別C內個案之角色認同詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧‧‧42
表22 創造力類別D內個案之主觀幸福感詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧‧44
表23 創造力類別D內個案之正向心理資本詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧45
表24 創造力類別D內個案之角色認同詳細句數統計表‧‧‧‧‧‧46

圖目錄‧
圖1 階層集群分析之冰柱圖 ‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧25
參考文獻 中文部分
[1] 行政院教育改革審議委員會,《中華民國教育改革總諮議報告書》,台北市:行政院教育改革審議委員會出版,1996。
[2] 行政院教育部,《創造力教育白皮書》,台北市:行政院教育部出版,2003。
[3] 桃園縣政府,《桃園縣創造力教育政策白皮書》,桃園縣:桃園縣政府出版,
2010。
[4] 曹葳,《相信自我:正向心理學面面觀-探討資訊人員的創造力》,碩士論文,淡江大學資訊管理學系研究所,2010。

英文部分
[5] Amabile, T. M. "Entrepreneurial Creativity through Motivational Synergy." The Journal of Creative Behavior (31:1), 1997, pp. 18-26.
[6] Amabile. "The Social Psychology of Creativity: A Componential Conceptualization." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (45:2), 1983, pp. 357.
[7] Amabile, T. M., S. G. Barsade, J. S. Mueller, and B. M. Staw. "Affect and Creativity at Work," Administrative Science Quarterly (50:3), 2005, pp. 367.
[8] Amabile, T. M., W. DeJong, and M. R. Lepper. "Effects of Externally Imposed Deadlines on Subsequent Intrinsic Motivation." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (34:1), 1976, pp. 92.
[9] Bandura, A. "Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change." Psychological Review (84:2), 1977, pp. 191.
[10] Bradburn, N. M. The Structure of Psychological Well-being, Aldine, Chicago, 1969.
[11] Charng, H. W., J. A. Piliavin, and P. L. Callero. "Role Identity and Reasoned Action in the Prediction of Repeated Behavior," Social Psychology Quarterly, 1988, pp. 303-317.
[12] Cheek, J., S. Smith, and L. Tropp. "Relational Identity Orientation: A Fourth Scale for the AIQ,” Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Savannah, GA, 2002.
[13] Diakidoy, I. A. N., and E. Kanari. "Student Teachers’ Beliefs about Creativity," British Educational Research Journal (25:2), 1999, pp. 225-243.
[14] Diener, E. "Subjective Well-being." Psychological Bulletin (95:3), 1984, pp. 542.
[15] Diener, E. "Subjective Well-being: The Science of Happiness and a Proposal for a National Index." American Psychologist (55:1), 2000, pp. 34.
[16] Diener, E. "What is Positive about Positive Psychology: The Curmudgeon and Pollyanna," Psychological Inquiry (14:2), 2003, pp. 115-120.
[17] Drucker, P. F. Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Harper Paperbacks, 2006.
[18] Farmer, S. M., P. Tierney, and K. Kung-Mcintyre. "Employee Creativity in Taiwan: An Application of Role Identity Theory." Academy of Management Journal (46:5), 2003, pp. 618-630.
[19] Gallagher, J. J., and S. A. Gallagher. Teaching the Gifted Child, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, 1985.
[20] Guilford, J. P. "Creativity." American Psychologist (5), 1950, pp. 444-454.
[21] Hildebrandt, E., and S. T. Kelber. "Perceptions of Health and Well‐Being among Women in a Work‐Based Welfare Program," Public Health Nursing (22:6), 2005, pp. 506-514.
[22] Howard, F. "Managing Stress Or Enhancing Wellbeing? Positive Psychology's Contributions to Clinical Supervision," Australian Psychologist (43:2), 2008, pp. 105-113.
[23] Isen, A. M. "Positive Affect as a Source of Human Strength." A Psychology of Human Strengths. L. G, Aspinwall, and U. M, Staudinger (ed.), American Psychological Association, Washington, 2003, pp. 179-195.
[24] Konu, A. I., T. P. Lintonen, and V. J. Autio. "Evaluation of Well-being in schools–a Multilevel Analysis of General Subjective Well-being," School Effectiveness and School Improvement (13:2), 2002, pp. 187-200.
[25] Lee, Y., J. Lee, and Z. Lee. "Social Influence on Technology Acceptance Behavior: Self-Identity Theory Perspective," ACM SIGMIS Database (37:2-3), 2006, pp. 60-75.
[26] Lubart, T. I., and I. Getz. "Emotion, Metaphor, and the Creative Process," Creativity Research Journal (10:4), 1997, pp. 285-301.
[27] Luthans, F., B. J. Avolio, F. O. Walumbwa, and W. Li. "The Psychological Capital of Chinese Workers: Exploring the Relationship with Performance," Management and Organization Review (1:2), 2005, pp. 249-271.
[28] Luthans, F., K. W. Luthans, and B. C. Luthans. "Positive Psychological Capital: Beyond Human and Social Capital," Business Horizons (47:1), 2004, pp. 45-50.
[29] Luthans, F., C. M. Youssef, and B. J. Avolio. Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge, Oxford University Press, USA, 2007.
[30] Ma, M., and R. Agarwal. "Through a Glass Darkly: Information Technology Design, Identity Verification, and Knowledge Contribution in Online Communities," Information Systems Research (18:1), 2007, pp. 42.
[31] Maddux, J. E. "Self-Efficacy: The Power of Believing You can." Handbook of Positive Psychology. C. R. Snyder and S. J. Lopez (eds.), Oxford University Press, USA, New York, NY, 2009, pp. 287.
[32] Marcia, J. E. "Identity in Adolescence. in J. Adelson." Handbook of Adolescent Psychology. J. Adelson (ed.), Wiley, New York, NY, 1980, pp. 159-187.
[33] Marsh, H. W., I. D. Smith, and J. Barnes. "Multitrait-Multimethod Analyses of the Self-Description Questionnaire: Student-Teacher Agreement on Multidimensional Ratings of Student Self-Concept," American Educational Research Journal (20:3), 1983, pp. 333-357.
[34] Martin, J. J., R. C. Eklund, and C. A. Mushett. "Factor Structure of the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale with Athletes with Disabilities," Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly (14), 1997, pp. 74-82.
[35] Maslow, A. H., A. H. Maslow, and A. H. Maslow. Toward a Psychology of being, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY, 1968.
[36] Mednick, S. "The Associative Basis of the Creative Process." Psychological Review (69:3), 1962, pp. 220.
[37] Mellou, E. "The Two-Conditions View of Creativity." Journal of Creative Behavior (30:2), 1996, pp. 126-143.
[38] Messick, S., & Jackson, P. W. "The Person, the Product and the Response: Conceptual Problems in the Assessment of Creativity." Creativity and Learning, J. Kagan (ed.), Beacon Press, Boston, 1970, pp. 20-35.
[39] Miley, W. M., and M. Spinella. "Correlations among Measures of Executive Function and Positive Psychological Attributes in College Students," The Journal of General Psychology (133:2), 2006, pp. 175-182.
[40] Millinger, M. "Creative Connections," Retrieved from http://www.coecon.com/Reports/CREATIVITY/Creative_Connections_Final.pdf, 2006.
[41] Oldham, G. R., and A. Cummings. "Employee Creativity: Personal and Contextual Factors at Work," Academy of Management Journal (39:3), 1996, pp. 607-634.
[42] Osborn, A. Applied Imagination: Principles and Procedures of Creativity Thinking, Charles Scribiner's Son, New York, NY, 1963.
[43] Perkins, D. N. "Creativity and the Quest Mechanism." The Psychology of Human Thought. R. J. Sternberg and E. E. Smith (eds.), Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, 1988, pp. 309-336.
[44] Rhodes, M. "An Analysis of Creativity," The Phi Delta Kappan (42:7), 1961, pp. 305-310.
[45] Ripple, R. E. "Ordinary Creativity," Contemporary Educational Psychology (14:3), 1989, pp. 189-202.
[46] Rogers, C. R. "Toward a Theory of Creativity." Creativity and its Cultivation. H. H. Anderson (ed.), Haper, New York, NY, 1962, pp. 69-82.
[47] Rosman, J. The Psychology of the Inventor: A Study of the Patentee, The Inventors Publishing, Washington, DC, 1931.
[48] Runco, M. A. "Personal Creativity: Definition and Developmental Issues," New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development (72), 1996, pp. 3-30.
[49] Ryff, C. D. "Happiness is Everything, Or is it? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-being." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (57:6), 1989, pp. 1069.
[50] Seligman, M. E. P. Learned Optimistic Pocket Books, Pocket Books, New York, NY, 1988.
[51] Snyder, C. R., K. L. Rand, and D. R. Simon. "Hope Theory: A Member of the Positive Psychology Family." Handbook of Positive Psychology. C. R. Snyder and S. J. Lopez (eds.), Oxford, New York, NY, 2009, pp. 257-276.
[52] Stajkovic, A. D., and F. Luthans. "Self-Efficacy and Work-Related Performance: A Meta-Analysis." Psychological Bulletin (124:2), 1998, pp. 240.
[53] Starko, A. Developing Creativity in the Classroom, Cambridge University Press, White Plains, NY, 1995.
[54] Sternberg, R. J., and T. I. Lubart. "Investing in Creativity." Educational Leadership (53:4), 1995, pp. 80.
[55] Stryker, S. "Identity Salience and Role Performance: The Relevance of Symbolic Interaction Theory for Family Research," Journal of Marriage and the Family (30:4), 1968, pp. 558-564.
[56] Tierney, P., S. M. Farmer, and G. B. Graen. "An Examination of Leadership and Employee Creativity: The Relevance of Traits and Relationships," Personnel Psychology (52:3), 1999, pp. 591-620.
[57] Torrance, E. P. "The Nature of Creativity as Manifest in its Testing." The Nature of Creativity. R. J. Sternberg (ed.), Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, 1988, pp. 43-75.
[58] Triliva, S., and M. Dafermos. "Philosophical Dialogues as Paths to a More ‘positive Psychology’," Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology (18:1), 2008, pp. 17-38.
[59] Van Buskirk, W., and D. McGrath. "Organizational Cultures as Holding Environments: A Psychodynamic Look at Organizational Symbolism," Human Relations (52:6), 1999, pp. 805-832.
[60] Wentzel, K. R. "Social Goals and Social Relationships as Motivators of School Adjustment." Social Motivation: Understanding children’s School Adjustment. J. Juvonen and K. R. Wentzel (eds.), Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, 1996, pp. 181-195.
[61] Zhou, J., and J. M. George. "When Job Dissatisfaction Leads to Creativity: Encouraging the Expression of Voice," Academy of Management Journal (44:4), 2001, pp. 682-696.
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2012-06-25公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2012-06-25起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2281 或 來信