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系統識別號 U0002-1906201120422600
中文論文名稱 IEEE 802.16j無線都會網路下之複合排程機制
英文論文名稱 A Hybrid Scheduling Mechanism for IEEE 802.16j Networks
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系資訊網路與通訊碩士班
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Networking and Communications, Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生中文姓名 林韋志
研究生英文姓名 Wei-Chih Lin
學號 698420030
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2011-06-03
論文頁數 68頁
口試委員 指導教授-王英宏
委員-梅興
委員-王英宏
委員-陳振炎
委員-林華君
中文關鍵字 IEEE 802.16j  服務品質  中繼  排程  全球互通微波存取 
英文關鍵字 IEEE 802.16j  QoS  Relay  Scheduling  WiMAX 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 在IEEE 802.16j標準中定義了兩種中繼站架構,分別是穿透式中繼站(Transparent Relay Station)與非穿透式中繼站(Non-Transparent Relay Station)。IEEE 802.16j標準也特別為這兩種中繼台定義了分散式排程(Distributed Scheduling)與集中式排程(Centralized Scheduling)兩種模式。本研究提出一個複合式的分散式排程機制,此機制適用於非穿透式中繼站的系統中。主要概念為針對網路中不同類型的connection,依據服務品質的需求,適時地動態調整各連線的優先順序,以達到服務品質的保證。且依據各連線之特性,再分別將各連線佇列裡的封包使用不同的演算法進行頻寬的分配,此外還加強即時通訊的服務品質。
英文摘要 In IEEE 802.16j standard, it defined two types of relay stations, transparent relay station and non-transparent relay station. It also defined two types of scheduling mode, distributed scheduling and Centralized Scheduling.In our thesis, we propose a hybrid distributed scheduling scheme for WiMAX system with non-transparent relay stations. First, we define a suitable priority for each connection. Additionally, in order for starvation, the priority of the connection with low priority in each category will be dynamically promoted. In resource allocation, fixed-bandwidth is used for the UGS classes, EDF scheduling algorithm is used for ertPS and rtPS classes, WFQ for the nrtPS and BE class.
論文目次 圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 2
1.2 研究方法簡介 4
1.3 研究架構 5
第二章 相關技術與研究 7
2.1 IEEE 802.16無線寬頻存取系統 7
2.1.1 IEEE 802.16標準之性質 9
2.1.2 MAC層(MAC Layer)介紹 13
2.1.3 IEEE 802.16 QoS機制 14
2.2 多跳中繼(Multihop relay) 16
2.2.1 中繼技術概念 17
2.2.2 中繼台的介紹 19
2.2.2.1 中繼台架設的場景 19
2.2.2.2 中繼台的種類 21
2.3 排程機制之相關研究 25
2.3.1 排程模式 26
2.3.2 相關排程研究 27
2.3.2.1 無考量通道狀態資訊之排程器 28
(Channel-unaware schedulers)
2.3.2.2 考量通道狀態資訊之排程器 32
(Channel-aware schedulers)
第三章 動態複合排程機制 33
3.1 網路環境介紹與假設 34
3.2 DHSM整體觀念概述 35
3.3 連線的排序(Connection Ranking) 39
3.4 優先權的調整(Priority Adjustment) 40
3.5 頻寬的分配(Bandwidth Allocation) 44
3.5.1 頻寬分配方式 44
第四章 模擬結果探討 48
4.1 模擬環境與參數 48
4.2 模擬結果與比較分析 51
第五章 結論與未來方向 55
5.1 結論 55
5.2 未來研究方向 55
參考文獻 56
附錄-英文論文 60

圖目錄
圖1 :分時多工架構示意圖 11
圖2 :IEEE 802.16 通訊協定層架構 14
圖3 :(a)未使用Relay轉傳訊號和(b)使用Relay之示意圖 18
圖4 :ScenarioⅠ:Coverage Extension 20
圖5 :ScenarioⅡ:Throughput Enhancement 21
圖6 :基地台與非穿透式中繼台之訊框架構圖 23
圖7 :基地台與穿透式中繼台之訊框架構圖 24
圖8 :K.Wongthavarawat等人所提出的混合排程架構 31
圖9 :DFPQ演算法架構 31
圖10:TDD Frame架構示意圖 35
圖11:DHSM演算法流程圖 38
圖12:提昇優先權之示意圖 40
圖13:封包的到達時間、等待時間和延遲時間圖例 41
圖14:頻寬分配的階層式架構 45
圖15:模擬環境場景式意圖 49
圖16:封包延遲與系統負載度關係圖 51
圖17:封包丟棄率與系統負載度關係圖 52
圖18:ertPS平均的throughput 53
圖19:rtPS平均的throughput 54

表目錄
表1:穿透式中繼台與非穿透式中繼台之特性 24
表2:中繼台與排程模式差異表 26
表3:各排程演算法比較表 29
表4:IEEE 802.16標準的五個服務類型和QoS相關參數表 36
表5:各服務類型優先權之設定值 39
表6:模擬相關參數表 50




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