淡江大學覺生紀念圖書館 (TKU Library)
進階搜尋


下載電子全文限經由淡江IP使用) 
系統識別號 U0002-1902202114593800
中文論文名稱 闇黑人格對負向同性戀態度之影響:社會支配傾向的中介效果
英文論文名稱 The Influence of the Dark Personalities to Homonegativity: The Mediating Effect of Social Dominance Orientation
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of Educational Psychology and Counseling
學年度 109
學期 1
出版年 110
研究生中文姓名 黃立仁
研究生英文姓名 Li-Jen Huang
學號 604690031
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2021-01-13
論文頁數 127頁
口試委員 指導教授-韓貴香
委員-朱春林
委員-張貴傑
中文關鍵字 闇黑人格  負向同性戀態度  社會支配傾向  日常虐待 
英文關鍵字 Dark Personalities  Homonegativity  Social Dominance Orientation  Everyday Sadism 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學教育學
中文摘要 本研究旨在探討闇黑人格(包含自戀、馬基維利主義、心理病態、日常虐待)對負向同性戀態度的預測之中,社會支配傾向的中介效果。基於文獻探討,本研究共採用「短式闇黑三角量表」、「虐待人格量表」、「社會支配傾向量表-7」、「現代負向同性戀態度量表」作為研究工具。基於統計分析考量,將前述工具題項搭配「台灣本土社會讚許量表」及「基本資料」,在打亂各量表題項並重新編列後成為本研究之正式施測問卷。
問卷發放後,本研究以本國籍且年滿20歲以上者為目標對象,透過網路調查於社群網路服務網站及電子布告欄進行便利性抽樣,有效樣本共計為1129人。其中所有樣本資料皆採用SPSS 25.0及R 4.0.2進行統計資料分析,共包含有相關分析、單因子變異數分析及階層迴歸分析。
其研究結果如下:
一、闇黑人格得以正向預測社會支配傾向、社會支配、反平等主義。
二、自戀得以正向預測社會支配傾向,而無法預測社會支配、反平等主義。
三、馬基維利主義無法預測社會支配傾向,正向預測社會支配、負向預測反平等主義。
四、心理病態無法預測社會支配傾向、社會支配、反平等主義。
五、日常虐待得以正向預測社會支配傾向、社會支配、反平等主義。
六、社會支配傾向、社會支配、反平等主義得以正向預測負向同性戀態度。
七、社會支配傾向、社會支配、反平等主義於闇黑人格及負向同性戀態度之間具有部分中介效果。
八、社會支配傾向、社會支配、反平等主義於自戀、馬基維利主義、心理病態及負向同性戀態度之間不具有中介效果。
九、社會支配傾向、社會支配、反平等主義於日常虐待及負向同性戀態度之間具有部分中介效果。
有鑑於上述研究結果,本研究提出進一步之討論,並嘗試提供建議及未來研究方向,作為相關研究及諮商實務之參考。
英文摘要 This study aims to explore the mediating effect of social dominance orientation in the prediction of homonegativity caused by dark personalities (including narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and everyday sadism). Based on the literature discussion, this study uses " Short Dark Triad (SD3)", " Assessment of Sadistic Personality (ASP)", " Social Dominance Orientation-7 Scale (SDO7)", and " Modern Homonegativity Scale (MHS)" as research tools.
This study targets on people over 20 years old as participants. The total number of valid samples was 1129. All sample data were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 and R 4.0.2.
Following were the research results:
1. Dark personalities positively predicted the tendency of social dominance orientation, dominance, and anti-egalitarianism.
2. Narcissism positively predicted the tendency of social dominance orientation but does not predict dominance and anti-egalitarianism.

3. Machiavellianism predicted the tendency of social dominance orientation. It also positively predicted dominance and negatively predicted anti-egalitarianism.
4. Psychopathy predicted social dominance orientation, dominance, and anti-egalitarianism.
5. Everyday sadism positively predicted social dominance orientation, dominance, and anti-egalitarianism.
6. Social dominance orientation, dominance, and anti-egalitarianism positively predicted homonegativity.
7. Social dominance orientation, dominance, and anti-egalitarianism have partial mediating effect between dark personalities and homonegativity.
8. There is no mediating effect between social dominance orientation, dominance, anti-egalitarianism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy and homonegativity.
9. Social dominance orientation, dominance, and anti-egalitarianism have partial mediating effect between everyday sadism and homonegativity.
According to the research results mentioned, this study attempts to provide further directions for consultation and future studies.
論文目次 目次
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………1
  第一節 研究動機與目的…………………………………………1
  第二節 研究問題……………………………………………………… 3
  第三節 名詞釋義………………………………………………………3
第二章 文獻探討……………………………………………………………7
  第一節 闇黑人格………………………………………………………7
  第二節 社會支配傾向…………………………………………………18
  第三節 負向同性戀態度………………………………………………20
  第四節 闇黑人格、社會支配傾向對負向同性戀態度之預測效果… 24
第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………………27
  第一節 研究架構……………………………………………………… 27
  第二節 研究參與者……………………………………………………30
  第三節 研究工具……………………………………………………… 32
  第四節 抽樣及施測程序………………………………………………55
  第五節 資料分析方法…………………………………………………56
第四章 研究結果……………………………………………………………57
  第一節 人口學變項與各變項之關聯…………………………………57
  第二節 主要研究結果…………………………………………………62
第五章 討論與建議…………………………………………………………79
  第一節 結論……………………………………………………………79
  第二節 綜合討論………………………………………………………80
  第三節 研究貢獻………………………………………………………86
  第四節 研究限制………………………………………………………88
  第五節 建議……………………………………………………………90
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………93
附錄、闇黑人格對負向同性戀態度之影響:社會支配傾向的中介效果之研究問卷………………………………………………………………121

表次
表1 人口學變項次數分配表……………………………………………31
表2 短式闇黑三角量表(SD3)題項……………………………………34
表3 虐待人格量表(ASP)題項…………………………………………35
表4 CFA因素負載量及構念信度摘要表(SD4)……………………37
表5 重複負載摘要表(SD4)……………………………………………38
表6 CFA因素負載量及構念信度摘要表(刪題後SD4)……………39
表7 社會支配傾向量表-7(SDO7)題項………………………………43
表8 CFA因素負載量及構念信度摘要表(SDO7)……………………44
表9 重複負載摘要表(SDO7)…………………………………………44
表10 CFA因素負載量及構念信度摘要表(刪題後SDO7)……………45
表11 現代負向同性戀態度量表(MHS)題項…………………………47
表12 CFA因素負載量及構念信度摘要表(MHS)……………………48
表13 CFA因素負載量及構念信度摘要表(刪題後MHS)……………49
表14 台灣本土社會讚許量表(NSSDT)正向題題項…………………51
表15 CFA因素負載量及構念信度摘要表(NSSDT正向題)…………52
表16 CFA因素負載量及構念信度摘要表(刪題後NSSDT正向題)…53
表17 性別、年齡與各變項之相關分析…………………………………58
表18 學歷在闇黑人格上之單因子變異數分析…………………………58
表19 學歷在社會支配傾向上之單因子變異數分析……………………59
表20 學歷在負向同性戀態度上之單因子變異數分析…………………59

圖次
圖1 研究架構圖……………………………………………………………27
圖2 闇黑四分體量表(SD4)之刪題後驗證性因素分析………………40
圖3 社會支配傾向之刪題後驗證性因素分析……………………………45
圖4 現代負向同性戀態度之刪題後驗證性因素分析……………………49
圖5 台灣本土社會讚許量表之刪題後驗證性因素分析…………………53

參考文獻 廖玲燕(1999)。台灣本土社會讚許量表之編制及心理歷程分析(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北市,台灣大學。
Adams, H. E., Wright, L. W., & Lohr (1996). Is homophobia associated with homosexual arousal? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105(3), 440-445. doi:10.1037//0021-843x.105.3.440
Adelman, A. L. (2013). The role of narcissistic entitlement, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, conformity to masculine gender norms, and religious orientation in the prediction of prejudice toward lesbians and gay men (Unpublished doctoral thesis). The University of Texas at Austin, Austin.
Alwin, D. F., & Krosnick, J. A. (1991). Aging, Cohorts, and the Stability of Sociopolitical Orientations Over the Life Span. American Journal of Sociology, 97(1), 169-195. doi:10.1086/229744
Andersen, R., & Fetner, T. (2008). Cohort differences in tolerance of homosexuality: Attitudinal change in Canada and the United States, 1981-2000. Public Opinion Quarterly, 72(2), 311-330. doi:10.1093/poq/nfn017
Aronson, E., Wilson, T D., Akert, R. M., Sommers, S. R. (2018). Social Psychology (9 ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson College Div.
Arteta-Garcia, J. (2015). The mediating role of social dominance orientation between dark tetrad personalities and hazing behaviors in college students (Unpublished master’s thesis). Texas State University, Texas.
Attolini-Fertuck, A. (2015). A study of opportunistic human sexuality: The Dark Triad as a predictor of affective dispositions towards date rape (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Adelphi University, New York.
Back, M. D., Küfner, A. C. P., Dufner, M., Gerlach, T. M., Rauthmann, J. F., & Denissen, J. J. A. (2013). Narcissistic admiration and rivalry: Disentangling the bright and dark sides of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(6), 1013-1037. doi:10.1037/a0034431
Bagozzi, R. P., & Yi, Y. (1988). On the evaluation of structural equation models. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 16, 74-94. doi:10.1007/BF02723327
Balkin, R. S., Schlosser, L. Z., & Levitt, D. H. (2009). Religious identity and cultural diversity: Exploring the relationships between religious identity, sexism, homophobia, and multicultural competence. Journal of Counseling and Development, 87(4), 420-427. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2009.tb00126.x
Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107(2), 238-246. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.107.2.238
Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G. (1980). Significance tests and goodness of fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychological Bulletin, 88(3), 588-606. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.88.3.588
Bernat, J. A., Calhoun, K. S., Adams, H. E., & Zeichner, A. (2001). Homophobia and physical aggression toward homosexual and heterosexual individuals. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110(1), 179-187. doi:10.1037//0021-843x.110.1.179
Blair, R. J. R. (2005). Responding to the emotions of others: dissociating forms of empathy through the study of typical and psychiatric populations. Consciousness and cognition, 14(4), 698-718. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2005.06.004
Bluestein, B. M. (2017). Why do we still call it homophobia? Exploring the evidence for a state-trait model of sexual prejudice (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Michigan State University, East Lansing.
Boddy, C. R. P. (2010). Corporate psychopaths and organizational type. Journal of Public Affairs, 10(4), 300-312. doi:10.1002/pa.365
Book, A. S., Volk, A. A., & Hosker, A. (2012). Adolescent bullying and personality: An adaptive approach. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 218-223. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.10.028
Book, A., Visser, B. A., Blais, J., Hosker-Field, A., Methot-Jones, T., Gauthier, N. Y., … D’Agata, M. T. (2016). Unpacking more evil: What is at the core of the Dark Tetrad? Personality and Individual Differences, 90, 269-272. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.009
Bosson, J. K., & Michniewicz, K. S. (2013). Gender dichotomization at the level of ingroup identity: What it is, and why men use it more than women. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(3), 425. doi:10.1037/a0033126
Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp.136-162). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Buckels, E. E. (2018). The psychology of Everyday Sadism (Unpublished doctoral thesis). The University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
Buckels, E. E., Jones, D. N., & Paulhus, D. L. (2013). Behavioral confirmation of Everyday Sadism. Psychological Science, 24(11), 2201-2209. doi:10.1177/0956797613490749
Buckels, E. E., Trapnell, P. D. & Paulhus, D. L. (2014). Trolls just want to have fun. Personality and Individual Differences, 67, 97-102. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.016
Burris, C. T., & Leitch, R. (2017). Harmful fun: Pranks and sadistic motivation. Motivation and Emotion, 42(1), 90-102. doi:10.1007/s11031-017-9651-5
Carbado, D. W. (2004). Straight out of the closet: Men, feminism, and heterosexual privilege. In L. Heldke & P. O’Connor (Eds.), Oppression, privilege, and resistance: Theoretical perspectives on racism, sexism, and heterosexism (pp. 401-405). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Cerny, J. A., & Polyson, J. (1984). Changing homonegative attitudes. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2(4), 366-371. doi:10.1521/jscp.1984.2.4.366
Cheval, B., Radel R., Gorb, E., Ghisletta, P., Bianchi-Demicheli, F., & Channal. J. (2016). Homophobia: An impulsive attraction to the same sex? Evidence from eye-tracking data in a picture-viewing task. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 13(5), 825-834. doi:10.1016/j.jsxm.2016.02.165
Choma, B. L., & Hodson. G. (2017). Right-wing ideology: Positive (and negative) relations to threat. Social Cognition, 35(4), 415-432. doi:10.1521/soco.2017.35.4.415
Christian, E. (2017). Clarifying the associations between Psychopathy and attachment in adult non-institutionalised samples (Unpublished doctoral thesis). The Australian National University, Canberra.
Christian, E., Sellbom, M., & Wilkinson, R. B. (2017). Clarifying the associations between individual differences in general attachment styles and Psychopathy. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 8(4), 329-339. doi:10.1037/per0000206
Claman, E. E. (2008). An examination of the predictors of attitudes toward transgender individuals (Unpublished doctoral thesis). The Ohio State University, State of Ohio.
Cleckley, H. (1988). The mask of sanity (5 ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Comrey, A. L. (1973). A first course in factor analysis. New York, NY: Academic Press.
Conradi, H. J., Boertien, S. D., Cavus, H., & Verschuere, B. (2015). Examining Psychopathy from an attachment perspective: the role of fear of rejection and abandonment. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 27(1), 92-109. doi:10.1080/14789949.2015.1077264
Cooperman, A., Smith, G. A., & Cornibert, S. S. (2015). U.S. public becoming less religious: Modest drop in overall rates of belief and practice, but religiously affiliated Americans are as observant as before. Retrieved from https://www.pewforum.org/2015/11/03/u-s-public-becoming-less-religious/
Costa, A. B., Bandeira, D. R., & Nardi, H. C. (2013). Systematic review of instruments measuring homophobia and related constructs. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43(6), 1324-1332. doi:10.1111/jasp.12140
Crysel, L. C., Crosier, B. S., & Webster, G. D. (2013). The Dark Triad and risk behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(1), 35-40. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.07.029
de Almeida, R. M. M., Cabral, J. C. C., & Narvaes, R. (2015). Behavioural, hormonal and neurobiological mechanisms of aggressive behaviour in human and nonhuman primates. Physiology & Behavior, 143, 121-135. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.02.053
Den Hartog, D. N., & Belschak, F. D. (2012). Work engagement and Machiavellianism in the ethical leadership process. Journal of Business Ethics, 107(1), 35-47. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1296-4
DeVellis, R. F. (1991). Scale development. Newbury Park, NJ: Sage Publications.
Dhont, K., & Makwana, A. P. (2017). On Self‐Love and Outgroup Hate: Opposite Effects of Narcissism on Prejudice via Social Dominance Orientation and Right‐Wing Authoritarianism. European Journal of Personality, 34(4), 366-384. doi:10.1002/per.2114
Dunlop, P. D., Morrison, D. L., Koenig, J., & Silcox, B. (2012). Comparing the Eysenck and HEXACO models of personality in the prediction of adult delinquency. European Journal of Personality, 26(3), 194-202. doi:10.1002/per.824
Duspara, B., & Greitemeyer, T. (2017). The impact of Dark Tetrad traits on political orientation and extremism: An analysis in the course of a presidential election. Heliyon, 3(10), 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2017.e00425
Eagly, A. H. (1992). Uneven progress: Social psychology and the study of attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(5), 693-710. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.63.5.693
Egan, V., Chan, S., & Shorter, G. W. (2014). The Dark Triad, happiness and subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 67, 17-22. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.004
Ernulf, K. E., & Innala, S. M. (1987). The relationship between affective and cognitive components of homophobic reaction. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 16(6), 501-509. doi:10.1007/bf01541714
Etchezahar, E., Ungaretti, J., Prado Gaseó, V., & Brusino, S. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Attitudes Toward Gay men scale in Argentinian context: The influence of sex, authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation. International Journal of Psychological Research, 9(1), 21-29. doi:10.21500/20112084.2097
Eubanks, D. L., Brown, A. D., & Ybema, S. (2012). Leadership, identity, and ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 107(1), 1-3. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1295-5
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research, 18(1), 39-50. doi:10.1177/002224378101800104
Furnham, A., Richards, S. C., & Paulhus, D. L. (2013). The Dark Triad of personality: A 10 year review. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(3), 199-216. doi:10.1111/spc3.12018
Furtner, M. R., Rauthmann, J. F., & Sachse, P. (2011). The self-loving self-leader: An examination of the relationship between self-leadership and the Dark Triad. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 39(3), 369-379. doi:10.2224/sbp.2011.39.3.369
Gavlas, J. (2018). Psychometric properties of the Modern Homonegativity Scale in the Southern United States (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Walden Univiersity, Minneapolis.
Gemberling, T. M., Cramer, R. J., Wright, S., & Nobles, M. R. (2015). Psychological functioning and violence victimization and perpetration in BDSM practitioners from the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom. Unpublished Document.
Goodboy, A. K., Martin, M. M., & Rittenour, C. E. (2016). Bullying as a display of social dominance orientation. Communication Research Reports, 33(2), 159-165. doi:10.1080/08824096.2016.1154838
Gormley, B., & Lopez, F. G. (2010). Authoritarian and homophobic attitudes: Gender and adult attachment style differences. Journal of Homosexuality, 57(4), 525-538. doi:10.1080/00918361003608715
Greitemeyer, T. & Saglioglou, C. (2017). The longitudinal relationship between Everyday Sadism and the amount of violent video game play. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 238-242. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.08.021
Greitemeyer, T. (2015). Everyday Sadism predicts violent video game preferences. Personality and Individual Differences, 75, 19-23. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.10.049
Grijalva, E., & Newman, D. A. (2015). Narcissism and counterproductive work behavior (CWB): Meta-analysis and consideration of collectivist culture, Big Five Personality, and Narcissism’s facet structure. Applied Psychology, 64(1), 93-126. doi:10.1111/apps.12025
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson University Press.
Hansen, A. L., Johnsen, B. H., Hart, S., Waage, L., & Thayer, J. F. (2008). Brief communication: Psychopathy and recognition of facial expressions of emotion. Journal of Personality Disorders, 22(6), 639-644. doi:10.1521/pedi.2008.22.6.639
Hegarty, P., & Massey, S. (2006). Anti-homosexual prejudice…as opposed to what? Queer theory and the social psychology of anti-homosexual attitudes. Journal of Homosexuality, 52(1-2), 47-71. doi:10.1300/j082v52n01_03
Helminiak, D. A. (2008). Confounding the divine and the spiritual: Challenges to a psychology of spirituality. Pastoral Psychology, 57(3-4), 161-182. doi:doi.org/10.1007/s11089-008-0163-9
Herek, G. M. (1988). Heterosexuals’ attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: Correlates and gender differences. The Journal of Sex Research, 25(4), 451-477. doi:10.1080/00224498809551476
Herek, G. M. (1994). Assessing heterosexuals’ attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: A review of empirical research with the ATLG scale. In B. Greene & G. M. (Eds.), Lesbian and gay psychology: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 206-228). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Herek, G. M. (1995). Psychological heterosexism in the United States. In A. R. D'Augelli, C. J. Patterson, A. R. D'Augelli, C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities over the lifespan: Psychological perspectives (pp. 321-346). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082319.003.0013
Herek, G. M. (2000a). The psychology of sexual prejudice. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9(1), 19-22. doi:10.1111/1467-8721.00051
Herek, G. M. (2000b). Sexual prejudice and gender: Do heterosexuals' attitudes toward lesbians and gay men differ? Journal of Social Issues, 56(2), 251-266. doi:10.1111/0022-4537.00164
Herek, G. M. (2004). Beyond homophobia: Thinking about sexual stigma and prejudice in the twenty-first century. Sexuality Research and Social Policy: A Journal of the NSRC, 1(2), 6-24. doi:10.1525/srsp.2004.1.2.6
Herek, G. M., & McLemore, K. A. (2013). Sexual Prejudice. Annual Review of Psychology, 64(1), 309-333. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143826
Herek, G. M., Chopp, R., & Strohl, D. (2007). Sexual stigma: Putting sexual minority health issues in context. In I. H. Meyer, & M. E. Northridge (Eds.), The health of sexual minorities: Public health perspectives on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations (pp. 171-208). Springer, Boston, MA
Ho, A. K., Sidanius, J., Kteily, N., Sheehy-Skeffington, J., Pratto, F., Henkel, K. E., … Stewart, A. L. (2015). The nature of Social Dominance Orientation: Theorizing and measuring preferences for intergroup inequality using the new SDO₇ scale. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(6), 1003-1028. doi:10.1037/pspi0000033
Ho, A. K., Sidanius, J., Kteily, N., Sheehy-Skeffington, J., Pratto, F., Henkel, K. E., ... & Stewart, A. L. (2015). The nature of social dominance orientation: Theorizing and measuring preferences for intergroup inequality using the new SDO₇ scale. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(6), 1003-1028.
Hodson, G., Hogg, S. M., & Maclnis, C. C. (2009). The role of “dark personalities” (Narcissism, Machiavellianism, Psychopathy), Big Five personality factors, and ideology in explaining prejudice. Journal of Research on Personality, 43(4), 686-690. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.02.005
Hodson, G., Kteily, N., & Hoffarth, M. (2014). Of filthy pigs and subhuman mongrels: Dehumanization, disgust, and intergroup prejudice. TPM: Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 21(3), 267-284. doi:10.4473/TPM21.3.3
Hodson, G., MacInnis, C. C., & Busseri, M. A. (2017). Bowing and kicking: Rediscovering the fundamental link between generalized Authoritarianism and generalized prejudice. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 243-251. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.08.018
Holden, C. J., Zeigler-Hill, V., Pham, M. N., & Shackelford, T. K. (2014). Personality features and mate retention strategies: Honesty-humility and the willingness to manipulate, deceive, and exploit romantic partners. Personality and Individual Differences, 57, 31-36. doi:10.1016 / j.paid.2013.09.018
Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1-55. doi:10.1080/10705519909540118
Hudson, W. W., & Ricketts, W. A. (1980). A Strategy for the Measurement of Homophobia. Journal of Homosexuality, 5(4), 357-372. doi:10.1300/j082v05n04_02
Jakobwitz, S., & Egan, V. (2006). The Dark Triad and normal personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 40(2), 331-339. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2005.07.006
Jewell, L. M., & Morrison, M. A. (2012). Making sense of homonegativity: Heterosexual men and women's understanding of their own prejudice and discrimination toward gay men. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 9(4), 351-370. doi:10.1080/14780887.2011.586098
Jonason, P. K. (2015). How “dark” personality traits and perceptions come together to predict racism in Australia. Personality and Individual Differences, 72, 47-51. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.08.030
Jonason, P. K., & Kavanagh, P. (2010). The dark side of love: Love styles and the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(6), 606-610. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.05.030
Jonason, P. K., & Luéano, V. X. (2013). Walking the thin line between efficiency and accuracy: Validity and structural properties of the Dirty Dozen. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(1), 76-81. doi:10.1016/499 j.paid.2013.02.010.
Jonason, P. K., & Webster, G. D. (2010). The dirty dozen: A concise measure of the Dark Triad. Psychological Assessment, 22(2), 420-432. doi:10.1037/a0019265
Jonason, P. K., Kaufman, S. B., Webster, G. D., & Geher, G. (2013). What lies beneath the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen: Varied relations with the Big Five. Individual Differences Research, 11(2), 81-90.
Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., & Buss, D. M. (2010). The costs and benefits of the Dark Triad: Implications for mate poaching and mate retention tactics. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(4), 373-378. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.003
Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., Webster, G. D., & Schmitt, D. P. (2009). The Dark Triad: Facilitating a short-term mating strategy in men. European Journal of Personality, 23(1), 5-18. doi:10.1002/per.698
Jonason, P. L., Honey, L. P., & Semenyna, S. W. (2014). It’s good to be the king: How the Dark Triad traits facilitate dominance-attainment in men. Personality and Individual Differences, 60(supplement), S17. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.375
Jones, C. (2017). Examining the association of hypermasculinity and bullying: What is the role of homophobia (Unpubliched doctoral thesis). Northern Illinois University, State of Illinois.
Jones, D. N. (2013). Psychopathy and Machiavellianism predict differences in racially motivated attitudes and their affiliations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43(52), E367-E378. doi:10.1111/jasp.12035
Jones, D. N., & Figueredo, A. J. (2013). The core of darkness: Uncovering the heart of the Dark Triad. European Journal of Personality, 27(6), 521-531. doi:10.1002/per.1893
Jones, D. N., & Paulhus, D. L. (2009). Machiavellianism. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 93-108). New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
Jones, D. N., & Paulhus, D. L. (2014). Introducing the Short Dark Triad (SD3): A brief measure of dark personality traits. Assessment, 21(1), 28-41. doi:10.1177/1073191113514105
Jost, J. T., & Thompson, E. P. (2000). Group-based dominance and opposition to equality as independent predictors of self-esteem, ethnocentrism, and social policy attitudes among African Americans and European Americans. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36(3), 209-232. doi:10.1006/jesp.1999.1403
Kandler, C., Bell, E., & Riemann, R. (2016). The structure and sources of right‐wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation. European Journal of Personality, 30(4), 406-420. doi:10.1002/per.2061
Kernberg, O. F. (1989). An ego psychology object relations theory of the structure and treatment of pathologic Narcissism: An overview. The Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 12(3), 723-729. doi:10.1016/S0193-953X(18)30424-6
Kessler, S. R., Bandelli, A. C., Spector, P. E., Borman, W. C., Nelson, C. E., Penney, L. M. (2010). Re-examining Machiavelli: A three-dimensional model of Machiavellianism in the workplace. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40(8), 1868-1896. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00643.x
Kets de Vries, M. (2003). The dark side of leadership. Business Strategy Review, 14(3), 25-28.
Kite, M. E., & Whitley Jr, B. E. (1996). Sex differences in attitudes toward homosexual persons, behaviors, and civil rights a meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22(4), 336-353. doi:10.1177/0146167296224002
Klann, M. (2017). The Dark Tetrad and its relations with maladaptive personality traits and sexual tactics (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville.
Krizan, Z., & Herlache, A. D. (2017). The narcissism spectrum model: A synthetic view of narcissistic personality. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 22(1), 3-31. do:10.1177/1088868316685018
Kugler, M. B., Cooper, J., & Nosek, B. A. (2010). Group-based dominance and opposition to equality correspond to different psychological motives. Social Justice Research, 23(2-3), 117-155. doi:10.1007/s11211-010-0112-5
Laine, K. E. (2015). Differences in perceptions of homosexual female leaders in relation to heterosexual female leaders (Unpublished master’s thesis). Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro.
Latzman, R. D., Palumbo, I. M., Sauvigné, K. C., Hecht, L. K., Lilienfeld, S. O., & Patrick, C. J. (2018). Psychopathy and internalizing psychopathology: A triarchic model perspective. Journal of Personality Disorders, 33(2), 262-287. doi:10.1521/pedi_2018_32_347
Lee, K., & Ashton M. C. (2004). Psychometric properties of the HEXACO Personality Inventory. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 39(2), 329-358. doi:10.1207/s15327906mbr3902_8
Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (2005). Psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and Narcissism in the Five-Factor Model and the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(7), 1571-1582. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2004.09.016
Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (2013). Prediction of self- and observer report scores on HEXACO-60 and NEO-FFI scales. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(5), 668-675. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2013.06.002
Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (2014). The Dark Triad, the Big Five, and the HEXACO model. Personality and Individual Differences, 67, 2-5. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.048
Lee, K., Ashton, M., Wiltchire, J., Bourdage, J. S., Visser, B. A., & Gallucci, A. (2012). Sex, power, and money: Prediction from the Dark Triad and honesty-humility. European Journal of Personality, 27(2), 169-184. doi:10.1002/per.1860
Levin, S., Federico, C. M., Sidanius, J., & Rabinowitz, J. L. (2002). Social Dominance Orientation and intergroup bias: The legitimation of favoritism for high-status groups. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(2), 144-157. doi:10.1177/0146167202282002
Lingiardi, V., Nardelli, N., Ioverno, S., Falanga, S., Chiacchio, C. D., Tanzilli, A., & Baiocco, R. (2016). Homonegativity in Italy: Cultural issues, personality characteristics, and demographic correlates with negative attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. Sexuality Research and Socail Policy, 13(2), 95-108. doi:10.1007/s13178-015-0197-6
MacInnis, C. C., Busseri, M. A., Choma, B. L., & Hodson, G. (2013). The happy cyclist: Examining the association between generalized Authoritarianism and subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(7), 789-793. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.06.018
Maggert, W. T. (2017). Corrupting masculinity: Cultural complexes of the archetypal masculine shared between men (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Santa Barbara.
Malley, M., & Tasker, F. (2004). Significant and other: Systemic family therapists on lesbians and gay men. Journal of Family Therapy, 26(2), 193-212. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6427.2004.00278.x
Manalastas, E. J., Ojanen, T. T., Torre, B. A., Ratnashevorn, R., Hong, B. C. C., Kumaresan, V., & Veeramuthu, V. (2017). Homonegativity in Southeast Asia: Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, 17(1), 25-33.
Maples, J. L., Lamkin, J., Miller, J. D. (2014). A test of two brief measures of the Dark Triad: The Dirty Dozen and Short Dark Triad. Psychological Assessment, 26(1), 326-331. doi:10.1037/a0035084
Marcus, D. K., & Zeigler-Hill, V. (2015). A big tent of dark personality traits. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 9(8), 434-446. doi:10.1111/spc3.12185
McCleskey, J. (2013). The dark side of leadership: Measurement, assessment, and intervention. Business Renaissance Quarterly, 8(2/3), 35-53.
McDermott, R. C., Schwartz, J. P., Lindley, L. D., & Proietti, J. S. (2014). Exploring men’s homophobia: Associations with religious fundamentalism and gender role conflict domains. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15(2), 191-200. doi:10.1037/a0032788
McEllistrem, J. E. (2004). Affective and predatory violence: A bimodal classification system of human aggression and violence. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10(1), 1-30. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2003.06.002
McHoskey, J. W., Worzel, W., & Szyarto, C. (1998). Machiavellianism and Psychopathy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(1), 192-210. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.74.1.192
Meaney, G. J., & Rye, B. J. (2010). Gendered egos: Attitude functions and gender as predictors of homonegativity. Journal of Homosexuality, 57(10), 1274-1302. doi:10.1080/00918369.2010.517074.
Međedović, J. & Petrović, B. (2015). The Dark Tetrad: Structural properties and location in the personality space. Journal of Individual Differences, 36, 228-236. doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000179
Miczek, K. A., de Almeida, R. M. M., Kravitz, E. A., Rissman, E. F., de Boer, S. F., & Raine, A. (2007). Neurobiology of Escalated Aggression and Violence. Journal of Neuroscience, 27(44), 11803-11806. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3500-07.2007
Miller, J. D., Few, L. R., Seibert, L. A., Watts, A., Zeichner, A., & Lynam, D. R. (2012). An examination of the Dirty Dozen measure of Psychopathy: A cautionary tale about the costs of brief measures. Psychological Assessment, 24(4), 1048-1053. doi:10.1037/a0028583
Miller, J. D., Hoffman, B. J., Gaughan, E.T., Gentile, B., Maples, J., Campbell, W. K. (2011). Grandiose and vulnerable Narcissism: A nomological network analysis. Journal of Personality, 79(5), 1013-1042. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00711.x
Miller, J. D., Lynam, D. R., & Campbell, W. K. (2017). Controversies in Narcissism. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 8(13), 291-315. doi:10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045244
Monto, M. A., & Supinski, J. (2014). Discomfort with homosexuality: A new measure captures differences in attitudes toward gay men and lesbians. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(6), 899-916. doi:10.1080/00918369.2014.870816
Moor, L., Kapelles, T., Koc, Y., & Anderson, J. (2019). Predicting explicit and implicit attitudes towards gay men using the dual process model of prejudice and the Dark Tetrad. Personality and Individual Differences, 151(1), 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2019.06.029
Morrison, M. A., & Morrison, T. G. (2002). Development and validation of a scale measuring modern prejudice toward gay men and lesbian women. Journal of Homosexuality, 43(2), 15-37. doi:10.1300/J082v43n02_02
Morrison, T. G., Parriag, A. V., & Morrison, M. A. (1999). The psychometric properties of the Homonegativity Scale. Journal of Homosexuality, 37(4), 111-126. doi:10.1300/J082v37n04_07
Murray, L. M. A. (2016). The effect of the Dark Triad on military subordinates (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Alliant International University, State of California.
Nadal, K. L., Rivera, D. P., & Corpus, M. J. H. (2010). Sexual orientation and transgender microaggressions: Implications for mental health and counseling. In D. W. Sue (Ed.), Microaggressions and marginality: Manifestation, dynamics, and impact (pp. 217-240). John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Nagoshi, J. L., Adams, K. A., Terrell, H. K., Hill, E. D., Brzuzy, S., & Nagoshi, C. T. (2008). Gender differences in correlates of homophobia and transphobia. Sex Roles, 59(7-8), 521-531. doi:10.1007/s11199-008-9458-7
Nakash, O., Nagar, M., Zisman, M., Bloom, R., & Shenkman, G. (2017). The association between the hostile-world scenario, perceived control, and emotional distress among gay men and lesbians. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 21(2), 99-114. doi:10.1080/19359705.2016.1236054
O'Boyle, E. H., Forsyth, D. R., Banks, G. C., & McDaniel, M. A. (2012). A meta-analysis of the Dark Triad and work behavior: A social exchange perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(3), 557-579. doi:10.1037/a0025679
Onley, M., Veselka, L., Schermer, J. A., & Vernon, P. A. (2013). Survival of the scheming: A genetically informed link between the Dark Triad and mental toughness. Twin Research and Human Genetics: The Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies, 16(6), 1087-1095. doi:10.1017/thg.2013.66
Overton, M. T. (2006). Relationship between religion and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Tennessee State University, Nashville.
Parrott, D. J., Adams, H. E., & Zeichner, A. (2002). Homophobia: Personality and attitudinal correlates. Personality and individual differences, 32(7), 1269-1278. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00117-9
Patrick, C. J., Fowles, D. C., Krueger, R. F. (2009). Triarchic conceptualization of Psychopathy: Developmental origins of disinhibition, boldness, and meanness. Development and Psychopathology, 21(3), 913-938. doi:10.1017/S0954579409000492
Paulhus, D. L., & Jones, D. N. (2015). Measures of dark personalities. In G. J. Boyle, D. H. Saklofske, & G. Matthews (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological constructs (pp. 562-594). Elsevier Academic Press. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-386915-9.00020-6
Paulhus, D. L., & Williams, K. M. (2002). The Dark Triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 36(6), 556-563. doi:10.1016/S0092-6566(02)00505-6
Pfattheicher, S., & Schindler, S. (2015). Understanding the dark side of costly punishment: The impact of individual differences in Everyday Sadism and existential threat. European Journal of Personality, 29(4), 498-505. doi:10.1002/per.2003
Pham, T. H., & Philippot, P. (2010). Decoding of facial expression of emotion in criminal psychopaths. Journal of personality disorders, 24(4), 445-459. doi:10.1521/pedi.2010.24.4.445
Plouffe, R. A., Saklofske, D. H., & Smith, M. M. (2017). The Assessment of Sadistic Personality: Preliminary psychometric evidence for a new measure. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 166-171. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.07.043
Poteat, V. P. (2008). Contextual and moderating effects of the peer group climate on use of homophobic epithets. School Psychology Review, 37(2), 188-201.
Pratto, F., Sidanius, J., Stallworth, L. M., & Malle, B. F. (1994). Social Dominance Orientation: A personality variable predicting social and political attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(4), 741-763. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.67.4.741
Parrott, D., & Zeichner, A. (2006). Effect of Psychopathy on physical aggression toward gay and heterosexual men. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21(3), 390-410. doi:10.1177/0886260505283153
Rauthmann, J. F., & Kolar, G. P. (2012). How “dark” are the Dark Triad traits? Examining the perceived darkness of Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(7), 884-889. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.06.020
Roberts, B. W., & Robins, R. W. (2000). Broad dispositions, broad aspirations: The intersection of personality traits and major life goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(10), 1284-1296. doi:10.1177/0146167200262009
Robins, R. W., & Beer, J. S. (2001). Positive illusions about the self: Short-term benefits and long-term costs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(2), 340-352. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.80.2.340
Rosik, C. H., Dinges, L. J., & Saavedra, N. (2013). Moral intuitions and attitudes toward gay men: Can moral psychology add to our understanding of homonegativity? Journal of Psychology & Theology, 41(4), 315-326. doi:10.1177/009164711304100404
Rubinstein, G. (2003). Macho man: Narcissism, homophobia, agency, communion, and authoritarianism--a comparative study among Israeli bodybuilders and a control group. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 4(2), 100-110. doi:10.1037/1524-9220.4.2.100
Russell, T. D. (2016). The PID-5, Everyday Sadism, and parental attachment predict sexual aggression (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Central Oklahoma, Grand Forks.
Rye, B. J., & Meaney, G. J. (2010). Measuring homonegativity: A psychometric analysis. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 42(3), 158-167. doi:10.1037/a0018237
Saltaris, C. (2002). Psychopathy in juvenile offenders: Can temperament and attachment be considered as robust developmental precursors? Clinical Psychology Review, 22(5), 729-752. doi:10.1016/s0272-7358(01)00122-2
Schneider, T. J., & Goffin, R. D. (2012). Perceived ability to deceive and incremental prediction in pre-employment personality testing. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(7), 806-811. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.01.015
Semenyna, S. W., & Honey, P. L. (2015). Dominance styles mediate sex differences in Dark Triad traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 83, 37-43. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.03.046
Shackelford, T. K., & Besser, A. (2007). Predicting attitudes toward homosexuality: Insights from personality psychology. Individual Differences Research, 5(2), 106-114.
Shou, Y., Lay, S. E., De Silva, H. S., Xyrakis, N., & Sellbom, M. (2019). Sociocultural Influences on Psychopathy Traits: A Cross-National Investigation. Journal of Personality Disorders, 1-23. doi:10.1521/pedi_2019_33_428
Sidanius, J., Cotterill, S., Sheehy-Skeffington, J., Kteily, N., & Carvacho, H. (2017). Social dominance theory: Explorations in the psychology of oppression. In C. G. Sibley & F. K. Barlow (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of the psychology of prejudice (pp. 149-187). Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316161579.008
Slootmaeckers, K., & Lievens, J. (2014). Cultural capital and attitudes toward homosexuals: Exploring the relation between lifestyles and homonegativity. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(7), 962-979. doi:10.1080/00918369.2014.870848
Smallwood, S., Spencer, S. M., Annang, L., & Thrasher, J. (2016). Internalized homonegativity among African American men who have sex with men. Journal of Homosexuality. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303301733
Smith, M. B., Hill, A. D., Wallace, J. C., Recendes, T., & Judge, T. A. (2017). Upsides to dark and downsides to bright personality: A multidomain review and future research agenda. Journal of Management, 44(1), 191-217. doi:10.1177/0149206317733511
Smith, T. W., Son, J., & Kim, J. (2014). Public attitudes toward homosexuality and gay rights across time and countries. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/4p93w90c
Somma, A., Borroni, S., Drislane, L. E., Patrick, C. J., & Fossati, A. (2018). Modeling the structure of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure: Conceptual, empirical, and analytic considerations. Journal of Personality Disorders, 23, 1-27. doi:10.1521/pedi_2018_32_354
Southard, A. C., Noser, A. E., Pollock, N. C., Mercer, S. H., & Zeigler-Hill, V. (2015). The interpersonal nature of dark personality features. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 34(7), 555-586. doi:10.1521/jscp.2015.34.7.555
Stewart, L. (2018). Power and pleasure: Heteronormativity and homophobia in heterosexual sex (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Oregon, Eugen.
Takamatsu, R. (2019). Personality correlates and utilitarian judgments in the everyday context: Psychopathic traits and differential effects of empathy, social dominance orientation, and dehumanization beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences, 146, 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2019.03.029
Tebbe, E. N., & Moradi, B. (2012). Anti-transgender prejudice: A structural equation model of associated constructs. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59(2), 251-261. doi:10.1037/a0026990
Terrizzi, J. A., Shook, N. J., & Ventis, W. L. (2012). Religious conservatism: An evolutionarily evoked disease-avoidance strategy. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 2(2), 105-120. doi:10.1080/2153599X.2012.695514
Van de Ven, P., Bornholt, L., & Bailey, M. (1996). Measuring cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of homophobic reaction. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25(2), 155-179. doi:10.1007/bf02437934
Vernon, P. A, Villani, V. C., Vickers, L. C., & Harris, J. A. (2008). A behavioral genetic investigation of the Dark Triad and the Big 5. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(2), 445-452. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2007.09.007
Viding, E., & McCrory, E. (2019). Towards understanding atypical social affiliation in Psychopathy. The Lancet Psychiatry, 6(5), 437-444. doi:10.1016/s2215-0366(19)30049-5
Virkar, S. (2014). Trolls just want to have fun: Electronic aggression within the context of e-participation and other online political behaviour in the United Kingdom. International Journal of E-Politics (IJEP), 5(4), 21-51. doi:10.4018/ijep.2014100102
Visser, B. A., Ashton, M. C., & Pozzebon, J. A. (2012). Is low anxiety part of the Psychopathy construct? Journal of Personality, 80(3), 725-747. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00745.x
Von Collani, G., Grumm, M., & Streicher, K. (2010). An investigation of the determinants of stigmatization and prejudice toward people living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40(7), 1747-1766. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00638.x
Walker, D. F., Tokar, D. M., & Fischer, A. R. (2000). What are eight popular masculinity-related instruments measuring? Underlying dimensions and their relations to sociosexuality. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 1(2), 98-108. doi:10.1037/1524-9220.1.2.98
Weinberg, G. (1972). Society and the health homosexual. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.
Weinstein, N., Ryan, W. S., DeHaan, C. R., Przybylski, A. K., Legate, N., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). Parental autonomy support and discrepancies between implicit and explicit sexual identities: Dynamics of self-acceptance and defense. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(4), 815-832. doi:10.1037/a0026854
White, T. (1999). Homophobia: A misnomer. Transactional Analysis Journal, 29(1), 77-83. doi:10.1177/036215379902900113
Whitley, B. E., Jr. (1999). Right-Wing Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation, and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(1), 126-134. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.77.1.126
Whitley, B. E., Jr., & Ægisdóttir, S. (2000). The gender belief system, Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation, and heterosexuals' attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. Sex Roles, 42(11), 947-967. doi:10.1023/a:1007026016001.
Wilson, D. S., Near, D., & Miller, R. R. (1996). Machiavellianism: A synthesis of the evolutionary and psychological literatures. Psychological Bulletin, 119(2), 285-299. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.119.2.285
Yazdi, A. M. T., & Mustamil, N. M. (2014). Do narcissists and high machs more empowered? Assessing the relationship between Machiavellianism and Narcissism, and psychological empowerment. International Journal of Business and Management, 9(7), 78-86. doi:10.5539/ijbm.v9n7p78
Young, L., Koenigs, M., Kruepke, M., & Newman, J. P. (2012). Psychopathy increases perceived moral permissibility of accidents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121(3), 659-667. doi:10.1037/a0027489
Zeigler-Hill, V., Martinez, J. L., Vrabel, J. K., Ezenwa, M. O., Oraetue, H., Nweze, T., ... & Kenny, B. (2020). The darker angels of our nature: Do social worldviews mediate the associations that dark personality features have with ideological attitudes?. Personality and Individual Differences, 160, 109920. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2020.109920
Zitek, E. M., & Jordan, A. H. (2016). Narcissism predicts support for hierarchy (at least when narcissists think they can rise to the top). Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(7), 707-716. doi:10.1177/1948550616649241
論文使用權限
  • 同意紙本無償授權給館內讀者為學術之目的重製使用,於2021-02-22公開。
  • 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2021-02-22起公開。


  • 若您有任何疑問,請與我們聯絡!
    圖書館: 請來電 (02)2621-5656 轉 2486 或 來信