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中文論文名稱 政治知識的來源:以教育與媒體為分析焦點
英文論文名稱 The Sources of Political Knowledge: Focusing on Effects of Education and Mass Media
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Public Administration
學年度 95
學期 1
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 王淑華
研究生英文姓名 Shu-Hua Wang
電子信箱 annking@pchome.com.tw
學號 793550087
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-01-06
論文頁數 86頁
口試委員 指導教授-林聰吉
委員-游清鑫
委員-吳重禮
中文關鍵字 政治知識  教育程度  媒體接觸 
英文關鍵字 Political Knowledge  Education Level  Mass Media 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學行政與地政
中文摘要   本文以政治知識為研究主軸,並聚焦於教育與媒體兩大影響因素,探討政治知識的來源。筆者先以政治大學九筆資料庫、內政部總體資料、台灣地區社會變遷基本調查 等四筆資料進行台灣民眾政治知識、教育程度與媒體接觸的跨年分析,再以TEDS2003年資料庫探討實際影響政治知識的因素,嘗試解答下列研究問題:(1)台灣民眾的政治知識發展趨勢為何?(2)教育程度的發展呈現何種趨勢?與政治知識的相關性為何?是否有助於政治知識的提昇?(3)台灣民眾的媒體使用情形是否有所改變?媒體接觸的種類與頻率是否對政治知識的提昇有所影響?(4)政治知識尚受何種因素影響?經分析後,獲致以下結果。首先,台灣民眾自1992至2004年的政治知識呈現波動的現象,平均而言民眾具有中等偏高的政治知識;其中並以時事知識較豐富,而制度知識是較缺乏的。其次,民眾在教育程度與媒體接觸方面均有所增長;台灣民眾的教育程度於1992至2005年已大大提昇,而1993至2003年間民眾的閱報時間雖無增長,但看電視的時間卻愈來愈長,十年間增加半小時左右。第三,教育程度與媒體接觸為影響政治知識的兩大因素,教育程度愈高政治知識愈高,並對制度知識的影響較大。而接觸媒體的時間愈長者,同樣擁有愈高的政治知識,且相對於看報紙者,看電視的民眾的政治知識較為低落。第四,政治知識除受教育與媒體影響外,尚有重要的影響變數如性別、年齡、居住地等。至於政黨認同與社會資本兩項則對政治知識的影響較輕微。
英文摘要   The main theme of this research is “the study of political knowledge”, and it focuses on the influential factors such as education level and mass media. I referred to the data in the National Chengchi university’s nine database, the whole data in the Ministry of Interior, four database of the basic Survey of Social Changes in Taiwan province to do Taiwanese people’s political knowledge, educational level and mass media exposure across years analysis and used TEDS 2003’s data to discuss what factors exactly influence the political knowledge and try to answer these questions as follows: 1.What tendency did Taiwan’s political knowledge develop? 2.What tendency did the education level develop? What’s the relativity between education level and political knowledge? If education level helped raise political knowledge? 3.Was there any changes in mass media exposure during this period? If the kinds and frequency of mass media exposure helped raise political knowledge? 4.What factors also affected political knowledge?
I got the results after I analyzed my data and they were as follows: 1.Taiwanese political knowledge level fluctuated up and down from 1992 to 2004. Generally speaking, if the people have above average political knowledge, they will have better time’s knowledge and less institution knowledge. 2.People’s education level and mass media exposure have been raised during this period. The education level of Taiwanese people has been raised a lot from 1992 to 2005. Although the time spent on mass media exposure wasn’t getting longer, the time spent on watching TV did become longer and add about half an hour during the last decade. 3.Education level and mass media exposure were the two most important factors that influenced political knowledge. The higher education level is and the more it will affect political institution. Besides, if people spend more time on mass media exposure, they will also have higher political knowledge. If we compared with the people who read the newspaper, those who watch TV have relatively lower political knowledge. 4.Political knowledge was also influenced by gender、age and residential area. As to party identification and social capital, these two factors had less influence.
論文目次 目 錄

第一章 緒論……………………………………………………….. …1
第一節 研究動機與目的……………………………………………….1
第二節 文獻檢閱………………………………………………………3
第三節 研究問題與研究設計………………………………………….20

第二章 政治知識、教育程度與媒體使用的發展趨勢……………..27
第一節 政治知識的跨年分佈…………………………………………..27
第二節 政治知識的消長……………………………………………….33
第三節 教育程度、媒體使用之發展與變遷……………………………..37

第三章 政治知識的來源……………………………………………..43
第一節 教育程度、媒體使用與政治知識之交叉分析……………………43
第二節 影響台灣民眾政治知識的因素…………………………………49

第四章 結論…………………………………………………………..58
附錄一…………………………………………………………………..61
附錄二…………………………………………………………………..62
附錄三…………………………………………………………………..65
附錄四…………………………………………………………………..66
附錄五…………………………………………………………………..71
參考書目………………………………………………………………..74


圖表目次

圖1-1 政治知識來源項目……………………………………………25
表2-1 台灣民眾政治知識的跨年發展趨勢(1992-2004)…………29
表2-2 近代美國總統就職年與任期(1988-2004)…………………30
表2-3 民進黨黨主席就職年度表(1990-2000)……………….32
表2-4 台灣民眾政治知識答對題數次數分配表(1992-2004)..35
表2-5 政治知識答對題數之低、中、高分配(1992-2004)……35
表2-6 制度知識與時事知識答對題數次數分配表(1992-2004)
……………………………………………………………..37
表2-7 台灣民眾教育程度分佈表(1992-2005)……………………39
表2-8 電視與報紙使用之變化(1993-2003)……………………….41
表3-1 教育程度與政治知識交叉分析表(2003)………………….45
表3-2 媒體接觸種類與政治知識交叉分析表(2003)…………….48
表3-3 影響政治知識因素之多元迴歸分析(2003)……………….52
表3-4 團體參與、政治討論次數分配表(2003)………………….57
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