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系統識別號 U0002-1808201012381800
中文論文名稱 太陽能選擇性吸收塗膜之製備與性質分析
英文論文名稱 Preparation and characterization of solar spectrally selective absorber coatings
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 化學工程與材料工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生中文姓名 黃井勵
研究生英文姓名 Ching-Li Huang
學號 697400355
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2010-07-22
論文頁數 80頁
口試委員 指導教授-張朝欽
委員-陳慶鐘
委員-張正良
中文關鍵字 奈米金  氧化還原反應  太陽能選擇性吸收膜 
英文關鍵字 gold nanoparticles  oxidation-reduction reaction  solar spectrally selective absorber 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究分為兩個部分,第一部分利用商用塗料以不同製程(刮刀塗佈法、浸塗法及噴塗法)製備太陽能吸收膜,太陽能選擇性吸收膜的吸收率可達0.92-0.94,經由太陽光模擬器照射後測量銅板熱平衡溫度差高達60-62 oC。利用浸塗法塗佈成膜需要調配商用塗料固成分50 wt%以上,此外,經噴塗法塗佈成膜,在DMF溶劑下,需噴塗34 g/m2以上;在丙酮溶劑下,需噴塗40 g/m2以上。除了以噴塗法在丙酮溶劑下塗佈的吸收膜,其餘的太陽能吸收膜對銅基材的附著程度均有好的表現。
第二部分為含奈米金粒子PU選擇性吸收膜之製備與性質分析,具有硫醇官能基的聚胺基甲酸酯作為黏合劑及奈米金保護劑,金鹽會在銅板上還原後形成奈米金粒子及銅氧化物。當提高金鹽濃度,其吸收率及光熱轉換表現越好,然而,即使金鹽濃度降低至3.03 mM,PU固成分極低之下,太陽光模擬機照射後,銅基材的熱平衡溫度差提升至67 oC。
英文摘要 This study was divided into two parts. The first part was the solar absorber coatings prepared using a commercial paint via different coating processes (doctor blading, dip coating, and spray method). The absorbance of the solar spectrally selective absorber coatings can reach to 0.92~0.94, and the temperature increment of the copper substrates after exposing under a standard sunlight intensity can be up to 60~62 oC. It was found that, a high solid content (50 wt%) was required when the absorber coatings were made by using dip coating. Besides, weights of the coated absorber made by using spray method have to exceed 34 g/m2 and 40 g/m2 when DMF and acetone was the solvent, respectively. The adhesion of the absorber coating to the copper substrate was quite good except that of the absorber coating made by using spray method and acetone as the solvent.
The second part was the preparation and characterization of poly(urethane) based solar spectrally selective absorber coatings containing gold nanoparticles. Poly(urethane) containing thiol groups acted as the binder and the protecting agent of gold nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles were formed by reducing HAuCl4 and copper oxides were formed by oxidizing the copper substrate. As the concentration of HAuCl4 increased, both absorbance and photo-thermal conversion performance increased. However, even though the concentration of HAuCl4 was quite low (3.03 mM), the temperature increment of the copper substrates after exposing under a standard sunlight intensity can be up to 67 oC when the solid content of poly(urethane) was quite low.
論文目次 總目錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
總目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章 序論 1
1-1選擇性吸收膜原理及種類 1
1-2選擇性吸收塗膜發展方向 4
1-3研究目的 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2-1選擇性吸收膜原理 6
2-2選擇性吸收塗膜 9
2-2-1銅錳鐵/鈷尖晶石 9
2-2-2 CuCr2O4黑色商用顏料 10
2-2-3碳-無機氧化物 14
2-2-4其他 17
2-2 奈米金的光熱性質表現 20
第三章 商用塗料製備太陽能吸收膜與塗膜性質分析 23
3-1實驗部分 23
3-1-1實驗藥品 23
3-1-2實驗步驟 23
3-1-3分析儀器 25
3-2不同製程方法研究與塗膜性質 27
3-2-1刮刀塗佈法 27
3-2-2浸泡塗佈法 32
3-2-3噴塗法 38
3-3 商用塗料製備太陽能吸收膜之結論 43
第四章 PU選擇性吸收塗膜製備與性質分析 44
4-1實驗部分 44
4-1-1實驗藥品 44
4-1-2實驗步驟 45
4-1-3分析儀器 49
4-2 PU選擇性吸收塗膜 50
4-3近紅外光吸收之探討 61
4-4 PU選擇性吸收塗膜之結論 68
參考文獻 69
附錄 73









表目錄
表1-1選擇性吸收膜製備方式的優缺點 2
表3-1刮刀塗佈法製備太陽能吸收膜之吸收率與光熱轉換表現 30
表3-2浸塗法製備太陽能吸收膜之吸收率與光熱轉換表現 38
表3-3噴塗法製備太陽能吸收膜之吸收率與光熱轉換表現 42
表4-1合成PU配方表 46
表4-2 PU選擇性吸收膜之成分表 48
表4-3 PU選擇性吸收膜之反射率與光熱轉換表現 57
表4-4 PU選擇性吸收膜之附著力測試 61
表4-5 Au-Water、Au-DMF、Au-DMF (clean)之XPS原子百分比 66
表A-1浸塗法製備太陽能吸收膜之吸收率 76











圖目錄
圖1-1選擇性吸收膜與非選擇性吸收膜的光譜表現 3
圖1-2太陽能吸收塗膜光譜表現 3
圖1-3各種材料粒子大小其吸收率與放射率的關係圖 5
圖2-1不同角度的大氣質量 8
圖2-2太陽輻射能與波長之關係 9
圖2-3 TSSS塗膜添加不同無機粒子之放射率比較 12
圖2-4 PU添加鋁薄片粒子以噴塗方式成膜的SEM表面圖 12
圖2-5 PU添加顏料與鋁薄片粒子以噴塗方式成膜的SEM表面圖 13
圖2-6 TISS塗膜之黏合劑濃度與放射率的影響 13
圖2-7 20TiMEMO的太陽能選擇性吸收塗料的表現 14
圖2-8製備碳-二氧化矽薄膜流程圖 15
圖2-9碳-無機氧化物製備太陽能選擇性吸收膜的光熱表現 16
圖2-10碳-氧化物吸收膜與商業化吸收膜光熱表現 16
圖2-11添加不同鎳含量比例之多層選擇性吸收膜 17
圖2-12改變錳銅比例之可見光-近紅外光吸收 19
圖2-13銅-錳比為0.5則改變浸塗速率之可見光-近紅外光吸收 19
圖2-15不同濃度PVP對可見光-近紅外光之光吸收表現 21
圖2-16 PVP在不同時間下反應的可見光波長之光吸收表現[36] 21
圖2-17不同金桿比例製備選擇性吸收膜之UV-Vis-NIR光譜 22
圖3-1 刮刀成型法之實驗設計圖 24
圖3-2 測量熱平衡溫度之截面示意圖 25
圖3-3 (a) BD20及(b) BD50之SEM表面 28
圖3-4 (a) BA20及(b) BA50之SEM表面 28
圖3-5 (a) BD20及(b) BD50之SEM截面 29
圖3-6 BA50之SEM截面 29
圖3-7刮刀塗佈法製備太陽能吸收膜測量銅片背面之光熱轉換表現 31
圖3-8 (a) DD50 (6.5 cm/min) 及(b) DD50 (1 cm/min)之SEM表面 33
圖3-9 (a) DA50 (6.5 cm/min) 及(b) DA50 (1 cm/min)之SEM表面 34
圖3-10 (a) DD50 (1 cm/min) 及(b) DA50 (1 cm/min)之SEM截面 34
圖3-11溶劑為DMF,以浸塗法製備太陽能吸收膜之UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜 36
圖3-12溶劑為丙酮,浸塗法製備太陽能吸收膜之UV-Vis- NIR分光光譜 37
圖3-13 (a) SA50 (0.056) 及(b) SD50 (0.022)之SEM表面 38
圖3-14 (a) SD20 (0.038) 及(b) SD20 (0.125)之SEM表面 39
圖3-15 (a) SD20 (0.038) 及(b) SA20 (0.045)之SEM截面 39
圖3-16噴塗法製備太陽能吸收膜之克數與吸收率關係圖(a) DMF (b)丙酮 41
圖4-1以刮刀成膜製備實驗流程圖 45
圖4-2合成PU流程圖 47
圖4-3合成PU之結構 47
圖4-4 PU5-4厚膜試片上表面之(a) SEM、(b) EDAX、(c) XRD圖 51
圖4-5 PU5-4厚膜試片下表面之(a) SEM、(b) EDAX、(c) XRD圖 52
圖4-6 PU選擇性吸收膜之SEM截面 (a)中間截面;(b)上截面 53
圖4-7 PU5-1~PU5-4選擇性吸收膜之UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜之反射率 54
圖4-8 PU5-4~PU0.625-1選擇性吸收膜之UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜之反射率 54
圖4-9 PU0.25-2~PU2.5-2選擇性吸收膜之UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜之反射率 55
圖4-10 PU5-1~PU5-4選擇性吸收膜之光熱轉換表現 56
圖4-11 PU5-4~PU0.625-1選擇性吸收膜之之光熱轉換表現 56
圖4-12 PU0.25-2~PU2.5-2選擇性吸收膜之光熱轉換表現 57
圖4-13 PU固成分5wt%,金鹽濃度變化之溫度差與吸收率比較 58
圖4-14金鹽濃度隨PU固成分降低溫度差與吸收率比較 59
圖4-15金鹽濃度3.03 mM,PU固成分變化之溫度差與吸收率比較 59
圖4-16為PU0.5-2試片之5,000倍SEM表面 60
圖4-17為PU0.5-2試片之10萬倍SEM表面 60
圖4-18不同氯離子含量的可見光光譜分析[38] 62
圖4-19不同氯離子含量的近紅外光光譜分析[38] 62
圖4-20利用氧化還原法製備選擇性吸收膜粒子 63
圖4-21 Au-Water試片之XPS銅元素能譜圖 64
圖4-22 (a) Au-DMF 及 (b) Au-DMF (clean)試片之XPS銅元素能譜圖 65
圖4-23 Au-MDF、Au-DMF(clean)及Au-Water之UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜之反射率 67
圖4-24 Au-MDF、Au-DMF(clean)及Au-Water之光熱轉換表現 67
圖A-1溶劑為DMF 50 wt%固含量商用塗料以刮刀塗膜法成膜之UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜 73
圖A-2溶劑為丙酮不同固含量商用塗料以刮刀塗膜法成膜,之UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜 73
圖A-3溶劑為DMF以噴塗法成膜UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜:(a) 20 wt%;(b) 50 wt% 74
圖A-4溶劑為丙酮以噴塗法成膜UV-Vis-NIR分光光譜:(a) 20 wt%;(b) 50 wt% 75
圖A-5 PU0.25-2與PU2.5-25之FTIR穿透率 76
圖B-1浸塗法成膜之光熱轉換表現:溶劑為(a) DMF (b)丙酮 77
圖B-2溶劑為DMF以噴塗法成膜之光熱轉換表現 (a) 20 wt% (b)50 wt% 78
圖B-3溶劑為丙酮以噴塗法成膜之光熱轉換表現 (a) 20 wt% (b)50 wt% 79
圖B-4 PU5-4厚膜上表面之XPS銅元素能譜圖 80
圖B-5 PU5-4厚膜下表面之XPS銅元素能譜圖 80

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