||Integrating English Learning Websites into Listening Comprehension Instruction at College Level: An Evaluative Study
||Department of English
English Learning Websites
Listening Comprehension Instruction
||本研究將英語學習網站(Randall's ESL Cyber Listening Lab)上以主題分類且可免費練習的聽力測驗，整合至英語聽講課，做為課後的輔助教材。研究主要目的在調查聽力程度不同的學生，對課後使用網站輔助聽力學習的態度及參與其中情意上的感受是否有顯著的差異。此外，網站輔助聽力學習的優點、缺點、可能面臨的困難及解決之道，文中也做了深入的探討。
||This study aimed at integrating topic-based listening exercises offered on Randall's ESL Cyber Listening Lab, a free English learning website, into a listening drills class as supplementary materials after class. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences, if any, among students of different listening proficiency levels in their perception of website-enhanced listening learning (WELL) after class and other affective factors in WELL after class. Besides, some strengths, weaknesses, potential difficulties, and possible solutions of WELL after class were also examined in the study.
One hundred and sixty-two freshmen at Tamkang University were classified into three groups (high, middle, and low proficiency level) according to the scores they got in the listening part of the intermediate level of GEPT. They were required to fill in worksheets, tape-record script with a partner after class, and take in-class quizzes related to what they had practiced on the website during the course of the study. The questionnaires and interviews were the main instruments research data were collected.
Results of this study showed that there were no significant differences in the attitude toward the website, WELL after class, and some affective factors among different levels of subjects. Moreover, regardless of proficiency levels, students had positive attitude toward WELL after class. To conclude, this study may offer English teachers a model of effectively incorporating English learning websites in their instruction of listening comprehension.
||CHINESE ABSTRACT i
ENGLISH ABSTRACT ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Research Background 1
Purpose of the Study3
Significance of the Study7
Definition of the Term 8
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
English Listening Education 9
Technological Advancement and Listening Learning14
The impact of technology on listening learning14
Technological applications to listening learning14
The benefits of technology to listening learning15
The Design of a Technology-Enhanced Listening Program20
Listening program based on a six-phase model 20
Guidelines on technology-enhanced listening learning 21
Changing roles for teachers and learners24
Rationale for Conducting the Study27
Limited listening learning27
Criteria for website evaluation28
English proficiency and language learning29
The relationship between English proficiency and learners’ attitude31
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Design of the Study34
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND FINDINGS
The Results of the Questionnaire 53
Students’ background information 54
Students’ responses to the Randall’s website, using WELL after class,
and several affective factors 56
Answers to Research Questions 62
Answer to research question1 62
Answer to research question2 64
Answer to research question3 68
Answer to research question4 72
Answer to research question5 78
CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS
Summary of the Study 81
Randall’s website, WELL, and affective factors 82
Suggestions and comments on Randall’s website and WELL 85
Limitations of the Study 87
Pedagogical Implications 88
Suggestions for Further Research 89
APPENDIX A Questionnaire (Chinese Version) 96
APPENDIX B Questionnaire (English Version) 101
APPENDIX C Interview Questions 107
APPENDIX D Learning Tips 108
APPENDIX E Listening Worksheet 111
APPENDIX F One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward the Randall’s Website by Proficiency Level 113
APPENDIX G One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward Using WELL after Class by Proficiency Level 114
APPENDIX H One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward Several Affective Factors by Proficiency Level 116
APPENDIX I WWW Cyberguide Ratings For Content Evaluation 118
APPENDIX J WWW Cyberguide Ratings For Web Site Design 119
APPENDIX K Intermediate-Level General English Proficiency Test (GEPT)120
LIST OF TABLES
Tables in the Text
Table 2-1 Problems Related to Different Phases of Listening Comprehension11
Table 3-1 The Distribution of Proficiency Levels 38
Table 3-2 The Modified Distribution of Proficiency Levels 39
Table 3-3 Outline of the Questionnaire 41
Table 3-4 The Schedule of Website-Enhanced Listening Learning 44
Table 3-5 Weekly Assignments on the Randall’s Website47
Table 4-1 Students’ Background Information55
Table 4-2 Students’ Responses to the Randall’s Website, Using WELL after Class, and Several Affective Factors 57
Tables in the Appendix
Table 4-4 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward the Randall’s Website by Proficiency Level 113
Table 4-5 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward the Contents of Randall’s Website by Proficiency Level 113
Table 4-6 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward the Function & Overall Design of Randall’s Website by Proficiency Level 113
Table 4-7 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward Using WELL after Class by Proficiency Level 114
Table 4-8 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward How WELL is Integrated into the Curriculum of Language Drills by Proficiency Level 114
Table 4-9 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward the Roles Played by the Teacher in WELL by Proficiency Level 114
Table 4-10 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward How WELL Facilitates the Practice of Listening Skills by Proficiency Level 115
Table 4-11 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Attitude toward How Performance of Listening Skills on the Website Was Assessed by Proficiency Level 115
Table 4-12 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Affective Factors in WELL after Class by Proficiency Level 116
Table 4-13 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Motivation to Do WELL after Class by Proficiency Level 116
Table 4-14 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Degree of Anxiety in WELL after Class by Proficiency Level 116
Table 4-15 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Confidence to Listen to Native English Speakers Speaking in WELL after Class by Proficiency Level 117
Table 4-16 One-way ANOVA of Students’ Willingness to Use WELL in the Future by Proficiency Level 117
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