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系統識別號 U0002-1807201314471300
中文論文名稱 使用T-S CMAC 之質子交換膜燃料電池最大功率追蹤控制
英文論文名稱 Maximum Power Point Tracking for the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell via T-S CMAC Control
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 林舁曜
研究生英文姓名 Yu-Yao Lin
學號 600460264
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2013-06-27
論文頁數 55頁
口試委員 指導教授-劉寅春
委員-江東昇
委員-邱謙松
中文關鍵字 質子交換膜燃料電池  最大功率追蹤  T-S模糊  線性矩陣不等式  小腦模型控制器 
英文關鍵字 PEM fuel cell  Maximum power point tracking  T-S fuzzy  Linear matrix inequalities  CMAC 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學電機及電子
中文摘要 本論文提出一種使用T-S模糊小腦模型控制器實現PEM燃料電池最大功率追蹤控制。T-S模糊小腦模型(T-S CMAC)的設計來自於PDC控制增益和權重值組合成一個個別的單一向量擴充與T-S模糊理論和CMAC理論相似。此控制器有以下優點:
一、使用LMI求解出控制增益,故可以提升CMAC初始權重的準確性。
二、 LMI引用自適應能力的CMAC設計,允許有時變參數在系統中。
三、可以快速並且反覆的學習修正控制量。
由結果可得知T-S模糊小腦模型(T-S CMAC)可以有效的達成最大功率追蹤之目的,提升燃料電池之效能,減少能源的損耗。
英文摘要 This paper presents a T-S CMAC controller implement PEM fuel cell maximum power tracking control. T-S CMAC is designed from the PDC control gain and weight values combined into a single vector of individual expansion with T-S fuzzy theory
and CMAC theory of similarity. The controller has the following advantages i.) Using LMI solved control gain and it can improve the accuracy of the CMAC initial weight.
ii.) LMI quote adaptive ability design the CMAC that allows time-varying parameters in the system. iii.) Can quickly and repeatedly learning correction amount of control. From the results T-S CMAC can effectively accomplish the purpose of the maximum power point tracking. Improve the effectiveness of fuel cells and can reduce energy consumption.
論文目次 Contents
Abstract in Chinese I
Abstract in English II
Contents III
List of Figures VI
List of Tables VIII
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Research Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1.1 Fuzzy System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.1.2 Linear Matrix Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1.3 Cerebellar model articulation controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.2 Literature Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.3 Problem Formulation and Motivations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.4 Organization of Thesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2 PEM fuel cell system characteristics 8
2.1 Type of the fuel cell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.1.1 Alkaline Fuel Cell (AFC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.1.2 Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) . . . . . . . . 9
2.1.3 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.1.4 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.1.5 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.1.6 Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2 PEM fuel cell framework and principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.2.1 Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.2.2 Anode catalyst layer (hydrogen side) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.2.3 Cathode catalyst layer (oxygen side) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.2.4 Bipolar flow field plates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.3 PEM fuel cell polarization curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.4 Maximum Power Point Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.4.1 Voltage feedback method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.4.2 Power Feedback method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.4.3 Actual Measurement method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.4.4 Linear Approximation method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.4.5 Perturb and Observation method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.4.6 Incremental Conductance method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3 PEM Fuel Cell Power Control System 24
3.1 System Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.2 Boost Converter Dynamic Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.2.1 DC-DC Boost Converter Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.2.2 Averaging Method of One Time Scale Discontinuous System . . 27
3.2.3 Mathematical Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.3 Algorithm for the Incremental Resistance Method . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
4 Takagi-Sugeno Fuzzy Cerebellar Model Articulation Controller 35
4.1 Nominal Tracking Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.2 Overall Controller Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
4.3 Cerebellar Model Articulation Controller with T-S Fuzzy Model . . . . 41
5 Numerical Simulations 46
5.1 Parameters of System Modeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
5.2 Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
6 Conclusions 51
References 52

List of Figures
1.1 Energy conversion efficiency of the fuel cell and the thermal power. . . 2
2.1 PEM fuel cell chemical reaction process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.2 Proton exchange membrane fuel cell structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.3 Proton exchange membrane fuel cell structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.4 The equivalent circuit of a PEMFC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.5 Perturb and Observation method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.6 Incremental Conductance method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.1 PEMFC power generation control system block diagram. . . . . . . . . 25
3.2 Structure of DC-DC Boost Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.3 (a)continuous conduct mode (b)discontinuous conduct mode . . . . . . 26
3.4 MOSFET turn-on condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.5 MOSFET turn-off condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.6 PEM fuel cell P-I characteristic curve maximum power point tracking
schematic diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3.7 Incremental resistance method maximum power current search flowchart. 33
3.8 Fixed pressure at 0.5(atm) and temperature changes in P-I characteristic
curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.9 Fixed pressure at 0.5(atm) and temperature changes in V-I characteristic
curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
4.1 CMAC basic structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
4.2 CMAC separate each input to each memory region . . . . . . . . . . . 42
4.3 CMAC structure with T-S fuzzy model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
5.1 Reference current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
5.2 DC-DC boost converter inductor current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
5.3 Current error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
5.4 PEM fuel cell output voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
5.5 PEM fuel cell output power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

List of Tables
2.1 Comparison of various fuel cell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.1 Parameter of PEM Fuel Cell System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
5.2 Parameter of DC-DC Boost Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
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