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系統識別號 U0002-1807200814000200
中文論文名稱 台灣與巴拿馬之外交關係現況與展望
英文論文名稱 FOREIGN RELATIONS AND PERSPECTIVES: TAIWAN AND PANAMA CASE
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 96
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 梁其超
研究生英文姓名 David Alexander De leon Salazar
學號 695330430
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2008-06-20
論文頁數 176頁
口試委員 指導教授-韋淑珊
委員-王高成
委員-高少凡
中文關鍵字 外交關係  雙邊關係  貿易  外交政策  自由貿易協定  文化外交 
英文關鍵字 Foreign relations  bilateral relations  trade  diplomacy  free trade agreement  cultural diplomacy  perspectives 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 全球化可解釋為是多樣化趨勢的結果與特殊歷史情況及政策相互影響所產生的特殊情況。

經濟全球化突破地理位置的限制,使得產品製造、交易、消費模式不再受限於地域、距離和其它邊界定位。此外,經濟全球化意味著,在社會關係中政治與經濟是不可分割。

經貿議題的雙邊會談可以減少貿易的障礙,達到公平互惠的貿易關係。經貿議題相關的周期性合作,可以幫助擴展雙邊經貿合作的範圍。積極與中美貿易組織合作,可以突破與增加在中美洲經貿平台之運籌空間。雙邊經貿關係可藉由與台灣有邦交關係的中美洲國家簽訂「自由貿易協定」,得到發展。

由於拉丁美洲擁有五億四千一百多萬人口的市場,巴拿馬可以代表其它區域對台灣產品開放進口,讓台灣與巴拿馬的貿易合作關係相形重要。

國內外壓力的交叉影響形成國家政策,貿易性與非貿易性的因素決定了國家參國際社群的程度。
英文摘要 Globalization can be understood as a consequence of multiplicity of tendencies interacting with particular historical conditions and policies to produce its distinctive form.

Globalized economy is one in which patterns of production; exchange and consumption become increasingly delinked from geography of territorial distances and territorial borders. The globalization of the world politics is deeply economic affair that involves borders. Among other things, a globalization of economics, deduces that politics and economics are inseparable within social relations.

Bilateral discussions on economic and trade issues, reduced the obstacles to trade, and fair trade relationship based on the principle of reciprocity can be achieved. The push for the establishment of periodic cooperative conferences on economic and trade issues would help to expand the scope of bilateral economic and trade cooperation. The active participation in the activities of the Central American trade organizations would be a breakthrough and expand the room to maneuver within the Central American economic and trade playfield. By signing “Free Trade Agreements” with those Central American countries which have official diplomatic relations with Taiwan, bilateral economic and trade relations can be expanded in the region.

Also for Taiwan with Panama trade is very important in the way that Panama can represent them a good port or an open door for Taiwanese products for a market of 541 million people in Latin America.

Trade policy strategies emerge out of a matrix of domestic and international pressures that shape a nation’s strategic vision and determine the trade and non-trade elements of the nation’s participation in the international community. Free Trade Agreements are strategies shaped according to the particular foreign policy of each country, which can archive a variety of competitive social, economical and political goal.
論文目次 1. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Motivation of the Research 4
1.2 Hypothesis 4
1.3 Time and Space Location 5
1.4 Restriction 5
1.5 Theory 6
1.6 Methodology 10
1.7 Source 11
1.8 Structure 12

2. THE INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENT 15
2.1 Strategies in International Relations 15
2.1.1 Definitions and Decision Making Process 15
2.1.2 Types of Strategies 16
2.1.3 Evolution of Strategies until the 21st Century 17
2.2 Political Dimension of Globalization 20
2.2.1 Definitions and Theoretical Overview 20
2.2.2 Opportunities and Risks 22
2.2.3 Challenges 24
2.3 Interdependence Theory 26
2.3.1 Definition and Characteristics 26
2.3.2 Analysis and Applicability 29
2.3.3 Limitations and Observations 32
2.4 Partial Conclusions 34

3. Foreign Relations of Panama and Taiwan 36
3.1 Panama 36
3.1.1 General Data 37
3.1.2 Economy Issues 38
3.1.3 Social and Political Facts 40
3.1.4 Foreign Policy Orientation 42
3.2 Taiwan 43
3.2.1 General Data 44
3.2.2 Economy Issues 44
3.2.3 Social and Political Facts 49
3.2.4 Foreign Policy Orientation 51
3.3. Panama-Taiwan Common Grounds 55
3.3.1 Cooperation 56
3.3.2 Possible Strategies 60
3.4 Partial Conclusions 61

4. ECONOMIC PRINCIPLES AND FOREIGN TRADE 63
4.1 Economic Definitions and General Objectives 63
4.1.1 Economic Advantages 64
4.1.2 Trade without Limits 65
4.1.3 Some Objections 68
4.2 Trade Relations 69
4.2.1 What Panama Exports and Imports? 69
4.2.2 What Taiwan Exports and Imports? 71
4.2.3 Panama and Taiwan External Trade 73
4.3 Facts of the Free Trade Agreements between Panama and Taiwan 75
4.3.1 Negotiations and Interpreting the Agreement 76
4.3.2 Main Concerns and Achievements 77
4.3.3 Other Important Issues 89
4.4 Partial Conclusions 91

5. TECHNICAL, EDUCATION AND CULTURAL MISSIONS 92
5.1 Technical and Cooperation Missions 92
5.1.1 General Data 93
5.1.2 Social and Political Aspects 96
5.1.3 Cases 99
5.2 Educational Missions 104
5.2.1 General Data (Scholarships, Fellowships, Visiting) 104
5.2.2 Social and Political Aspects 104
5.2.3 Cases 105
5.3 Cultural Missions 108
5.3.1 General Data 108
5.3.2 Social and Political Aspects 108
5.3.3 Cases 109
5.4 Partial Conclusions 110

6. TAIWAN AND PANAMA FOREIGN RELATIONS: FUTURE PERSPECTIVES 111
6.1 Foreign Relations Perspectives 111
6.1.1 Short-Term Perspectives 112
6.1.2 Long-Term Perspectives 113
6.1.3 Risks and Challenges 115
6.2 Trade Perspectives 117
6.2.1 Bilateral Trade Exchange 117
6.2.2 Challenges in the Economic Arena of Panama and Taiwan 123
6.2.3 Panama and Taiwan External Trade 123
6.3 Social Cultural Perspectives 124
6.3.1 Short-Term Perspectives 124
6.3.2 Long-Term Perspectives 125
6.3.3 Risks and Challenges 126
6.4 Partial Conclusions 127

7. CONCLUSIONS 129

Bibliography 136
Books 136
Articles 143
Electronic Sources 144
Online Newspapers 147
Annexes 148
Abbreviations 149
Graphics 151
Photos 157
Interviews 160
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Articles

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• Wade, Robert H. “Questions of Fairness, In Search of a Just International Economic Order”. Journal of Foreign Affairs, Vol. 88, No. 5 (Sept.-Oct. 2006): pp.136-143.

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On Line Newspapers
• Berrocal, Rafael. “Concretan Ventas a Taiwán”. La Prensa, October 01, 2007. http://www.prensa.com

• Castillo Duarte, Edith “Panamá Encabeza Inversión” La Prensa, October 28, 2007. http:www.prensa.com

















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