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中文論文名稱 技術收購與公司創新績效-台灣高科技產業之實證研究
英文論文名稱 An empirical study on technological acquisitions with innovation performance in Taiwan’s high-tech industries.
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of International Trade
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 謝幸達
研究生英文姓名 Hsin-Ta Hsieh
學號 694480186
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-06-15
論文頁數 63頁
口試委員 指導教授-潘玉葉
委員-馬成珉
委員-林宜男
中文關鍵字 技術收購  專利權  創新績效  高科技產業 
英文關鍵字 technological acquisitions  patents  innovation performance high-tech industries 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學商學
中文摘要 高科技產業為我國經濟發展重要命脈,創新又是此產業維持競爭優勢之驅動力,創新資源可由內部研發累積與外部技術收購而得。近年來,國內高科產業以技術收購取得創新資源之案例有遞增趨勢,但此方面議題國內鮮少有研究深入探討,在國外技術收購與創新績效之關聯性之研究學者們有不同看法;有鑑於此,本研究進行深入探討。
本文以1990~2005年國內高科技產業技術收購作為樣本,採用Pearson相關分析、變異數分析、樣本分群t檢定與複迴歸分析等統計方法,以專利數成長率與專利密集度成長率衡量創新績效,探討技術收購與創新績效之關聯性。
研究結果顯示:併購雙方知識關聯度與創新績效有正向關係,但為非線性關係,關聯度越高非一定可提昇創新績效,需視情況而定。購入之知識相對規模與創新績效有正向關係,主併公司總資產報酬率成長率亦與創新績效有正向關係。
英文摘要 High-tech industries play an important role in development of Taiwan’s economics. Innovation is the key resource of competitive advantage, this resource descend from internal R&D and outside technological acquisition. Recently, the cases of technological acquisitions in high-tech industries are increasing, then, in our country there is lesser paper treat this issue before, but in overseas academic for the relationship between technological acquisitions and innovation performance have no generally point of views. So there will be an important topic to study.
The samples of study are technological acquisitions cases in high-tech industries from 1990 to 2005 belonged Taiwan. To understand the relationship between technological acquisitions and innovation performance, we use patents growth rate and growth in patent intensity to measure innovation performance, and choosing by Analysis of Pearson correlation, Variance, t test, and Regression.
The empirical result shows that:relatedness of knowledge base and innovation performance have positive relationship, but not always enhance innovation performance, relative size of knowledge base and innovation performance have positive relationship, ROA growth rate and innovation performance also have positive relationship.
論文目次 目錄
目錄……………………………………………………………….……...................Ⅰ
圖目錄…………………………..……………………………………….…………Ⅱ
表目錄……………………………………………………………….………….....Ш
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究背景、動機與目的…………………………………………………...1
1.2 研究流程…………………………………………………………...............4
1.3 研究架構…………………………………………………………………...6
註釋…………………………………………………………………………7
第二章 文獻回顧…………………………………………………………………..8
2.1 併購對創新績效的影響…………………………………………………...8
2.1.1資源基礎觀點………………………………………..………….......8
2.1.2組織學習觀點………………………………………………….........8
2.1.3併購後整合觀點……………………………………………….........9
2.2 研發活動、專利與創新績效…………………………...............................11
2.3 國外相關實證研究……………………………………………………….14
2.4 國內相關實證研究……………………………………………………….22
2.5 小結……………………………………………………………………….29
第三章 研究設計…………………………………………………………………30
3.1 樣本選取與資料來源…………………………………………………….30
3.2 研究變數衡量…………………………………………………………….32
3.3 研究假說………………………………………………………………….34
3.4 研究方法………………………………………………………………….36
第四章 實證結果分析…………………………………………………………..37
4.1 敘述性統計分析與樣本分群檢定……………………………………….37
4.1.1 敘述性統計分析與Pearson相關分析…………………………….37
4.1.2 變異數分析與樣本分群t檢定…………………………………….39
4.2 複迴歸分析……………………………………………………………….46
註釋………………………………………………………………………50
第五章 結論……………………………………………………………………….56
5.1 研究結論………………………………………………………………….56
5.2 研究建議與限制………………………………………………………….57
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………..……59

圖目錄
圖1-1: 研究流程…………………………………………………………………...5
圖1-2: 研究架構…………………………………………………………………...6
圖1 : 2001~2006年高科技產業產值占GDP比率…………………………………7
圖2 : 2001-2006年高科技產業出口占總出口比率………………………………..7
圖3 : 2001-2006年電子類股成交值占總成交值之年平均比率…………………..7
圖一:專利數成長率-產品市場關聯度散佈圖……………………………………..50
圖二:專利數成長率-知識規模散佈圖…………………………………………….50
圖三:專利數成長率-知識相對規模散佈圖……………………………………….51
圖四:專利數成長率-知識關聯度散佈圖………………………………………….51
圖五:專利數成長率-知識關聯度平方項散佈圖………………………………….52
圖六:專利數成長率-研發費用率增(減)度散佈圖…………………………………52
圖七:專利密集度成長率-產品市場關聯度散佈圖……………………………….53
圖八:專利密集度成長率-知識規模散佈圖……………………………………….53
圖九:專利密集度成長率-知識相對規模散佈圖………………………………….54
圖十:專利密集度成長率-知識關聯度散佈圖…………………………………….54
圖十一:專利密集度成長率-知識關聯度平方項散佈圖…………………………...55
圖十二:專利密集度成長率-研發費用率增(減)度散佈圖…………………………55

表目錄
表 2-1 CHI Research專利量化指標……………………………………………....13
表 2-2 國外相關實證研究彙整表…………………………………………….......20
表 2-3 國內相關實證研究彙整表………………………………………………...27
表 3-1 樣本篩選表…………………………………………………………….......30
表 3-2 樣本產業分佈………………………………………………………….......31
表 4-1 變數之敘述性統計…………………………………………………...........38
表 4-2 Pearson相關分析…………………………………………………………..39
表 4-3 各群組於變數間之表現情況……………………………………………….41
表 4-4 各群組與變數之變異數分析……………………………………………….42
表 4-5 各群組與變數之樣本分群t檢定…………………………………………...44
表 4-6 創新績效指標以控制變數分群之t檢定…………………………………...45
表 4-7 創新績效指標之複迴歸分析結果……………………………………….....49
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網站資料:
1.元勤科技,CHI專利指標-利用專利評估公司價值,智識網,http://www.ipnavigator.com.tw/product/pvnews-2.htm 。
2.行政院經濟建設委員會,網址:http://www.cepd.gov.tw/index.jsp。
3.行政院主計處,網址:http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/mp.asp?mp=1。
4.台灣經濟研究院產經資料庫,網址:http://tie.tier.org.tw/tie/index.jsp?data_base_id=DB001。
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