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系統識別號 U0002-1807200610075400
中文論文名稱 重新書寫亨利.詹姆斯的《仕女圖》: 珍.康萍之女性觀點及影像詮釋
英文論文名稱 Henry James’s The Portrait of a Lady on Screen: Jane Campion’s Feminist Adaptation
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 94
學期 2
出版年 95
研究生中文姓名 江怡菁
研究生英文姓名 Yi-Ching Chiang
學號 691010168
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2006-06-15
論文頁數 83頁
口試委員 指導教授-宋美璍
委員-馮品佳
委員-黃逸民
中文關鍵字 女性書寫  女性電影  男性凝視  慾望客體  情慾自主 
英文關鍵字 Feminine Writing  Feminist Counter Cinema  Male Gaze  Object of Desire  Autoeroticism 
學科別分類 學科別人文學語言文學
中文摘要 本論文一共分成序言,三個章節和結論, 其內容分別如下。序言中提到書寫此論文的動機和目的。接著簡短的介紹亨利.詹姆斯小說和珍.康萍的電影背景以及他們對性別議題基本的觀念。第一章比較小說中以男性觀點為主體的敍述方式以及電影改為女性的角度來詮釋的不同,並且使用女性主義中埃萊娜.西蘇 “女性書寫”的概念來說明電影中對應的部分。第二章比較小說和電影的主要象徵分別為“圖畫”和 “鏡子”。筆者使用John Berger的理論來說明在歐洲的油畫歷史中,女性和圖畫相似,常被男性視為商品, 並帶出 “男性凝視” 的概念。接著並引用女性電影理論羅拉.莫薇說明電影在傳統上也是以男性為觀看的主體, 她提倡應要以女性為主的 “女性電影”來顛覆傳統電影 。珍•康萍的電影很符合這個觀念並在電影中把 “男性凝視”轉換為 “女性凝視”。第三章比較女主角在小說中壓抑的情慾和電影中以追求情慾和愛為重要的主題和試圖解放情慾。理論的部分使用了露絲.依麗格瑞的 “自體快感”的觀念,提倡女性應以觸覺反抗男性的視覺觀。結論中討論電影中所透露的女性在困境中可以尋找到的解決之道,在於了解男性所附加在女性的制約, 即是對婚姻和父系制度的認知反省,並且在追求愛情的過程中,不斷的發現,省醒自我,進而尋找自我的定位。

英文摘要 This thesis draws on the theories of Hélène Cixious, Luce Irigaray, and Laura Mulvey to explore the possible application to a reading of Jane Campion’s modern and feminist adaptation of Henry James’s novel The Portrait of a Lady. In this thesis, I hope to explore the dimensions of an encounter between Campion’s movie and feminist theories. Chapter One compares the different narratives of the novel and the film and tries to prove that the movie is akin to Hélène Cixious’s “ feminine writing.” Chapter Two discusses two major symbols- “picture” and “mirror”- that are employed respectively in the novel and the movie. At the same time, John Berger’s theory of “male gaze” and Laura Mulvey’s theory of “counter cinema” are used to interpret the movie to show that the movie reversed the male gaze into female gaze. Chapter Three offers a comparison of the repressed desire of the heroine in the novel and her liberated sexuality in the movie. Luce Irigaray’s theory on sexuality is applied to indicate that this movie is about the quest for love and also a celebration of female sexuality.
論文目次 Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Chapter One: Visual Re-presentation: Jane Campion’s Retelling of Henry James’ Story 14


Chapter Two: Reversed Gaze: the Picture vs. the Mirror 32


Chapter Three: Liberating Female Sexuality: Jane Campion’s Feminist Discourse 52

Conclusion 71

Works Cited 80
參考文獻 Andermahr, Sonya, Lovell, Terry, and Wolkowitz Carol. A Glossary of Feminist Theory. New York: Oxford UP, 2000.
Bell, Millicent. “Isabel Archer and the Affronting of Plot.” Meaning in Henry James. New York: Harvard UP., 1993. 80-122.
Bentley, Nancy. “Conscious Observation of a Lovely Woman: Jane Campion’s Portrait in Film.” The Henry James Review 18.1 (1997): 174-79.
Berger, John. Ways of Seeing. England: Penguin Books Ltd, 1972.
Blandford, Steve, Grant, K, Barry, and Hillier Jim. The Film Studies Dictionary. New York: Oxford UP, 2001.
Boudreau, Kristin. "Is the World Then So Narrow? Feminist Cinematic Adaptations of Hawthorne and James." The Henry James Review 21.1 (2000): 43-53.
Buitenhuis, Peter. Ed. Twentieth Century Interpretations of The Portrait of a Lady. New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968.
Chandler, Daniel. “Forms of Gaze.” July 2000. Notes on The Gaze.
[http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/gaze02.html] February 20, 2005.
Cixous, Hélène. “The Laugh of the Medusa.” Critical Theory Since 1965. Ed. Adam Hazard & Leroy Searle. Tallahassee: University Press of Florida, Florida State UP, 1986. 308-20.
Djwa, Sandra. “Ut Pictura Poesis: The Making of a Lady.” The Henry James Review 2-3 (1986): 72-85.
Doane, Mary Ann. The Desire to Desire: The Women’s Film of the 1940s. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1987.
Edel, Leon. “The Myth of America in The Portrait of a Lady.” The Henry James Review 7.2-3 (1986): 8-17.
Evans, Caroline & Lorraine Gamman. “ The Gaze Revisited, or Reviewing Queer Viewing.” A Queer Romance: Lesbians, Gay Men and Popular Culture. London & New York: Routledge, 1995. 13-56.
Fischer, Sandra K. “Isabel Archer and the Enclosed Chamber: A Phenomenological Reading.” The Henry James Review 7.2-3 (1986): 48-58.
Gilber, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. New Haven: Yale UP, 2000.
Gillette, Sue. “Angel from the Mirror City: Jane Campion’s Janet Frame.” October 2000. Senses of Cinema.
[http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/00/10/angel.html] April 15, 2005.
Hopgood, Fincina. “Jane Campion.” September 2002. Senses of Cinema: Great Directors.
[http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/directors/02/campion.html] March 10, 2005.
Hughes, Clair. “The Color of Life in The Portrait of a Lady.” Henry James and the Art of Dress. New York: Palgrave Publishers Ltd, 2001. 45-66.
Irigaray, Luce. Speculum of the Other Woman. Trans. Gillian C. Gill. Ithaca, New York: Cornell UP, 1974.
---. This Sex Which is Not One. Tans. Catherine Porter with Carolyn Burke. Ithaca, New York: Cornell UP, 1977.
James, Henry. The Bostonians. New York: Random House, Inc. 1956.
---. The Portrait of a Lady. New York: Oxford UP, 1995.
Kaplan, E. Ann. Ed. Woman and Film: Both Sides of the Camera. London: Methuen, 1983.
Klages, Mary. “Luce Irigaray: This Sex Which is not One.” October 30, 1996. English 2010: Modern Critical Thought.
[http://www.colorado.edu/English/ENGL2012Klages/Irigaray.html] March 10, 2005
Margolis, Harriet. Ed. Jane Campion’s the Piano. New York : Cambridge UP, 2000.
Mulvey, Laura. Visual and Other Pleasure. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1989.
Nadel, Alan. "The Search for Cinematic Identity and a Good Man: Jane Campion's Appropriation of James's Portrait." The Henry James Review 18.1 (1997): 180-83.
The Portrait of a Lady. Dir. Jane Campion. Perf. Nicole Kidman, John Malkovich, Barbara Hershey, and Martin Donovan. 1996. DVD. Polygram Company, 1999.
Sabiston, Elizabeth. “Isabel Archer: The Architecture of Consciousness and the International Theme.” The Henry James Review 7.2-3 (1986): 29-47.
Showalter, Elaine. Ed. The New Feminist Criticism. New York: Pantheon Books, 1985.
Wexman, Virginia Wright. “The Portrait of a Body.” The Henry James Review 8.1 (1997): 184-86.
White, Robert. “Love, Marriage, and Divorce: The Matter of Sexuality in The Portrait of a Lady.” The Henry James Review 7.2-3 (1986): 59-71.
Wiesenfarth, Joseph. "A Woman in The Portrait of a Lady." The Henry James Review 7.2-3 (1986): 18-28.
Walton, Priscilla L. “Jane and James Go to the Moview: Post Colonial Portraits of a Lady.” The Henry James Review 18.1 (1997): 187-90.
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