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系統識別號 U0002-1806201820492900
中文論文名稱 電影中的 「陌異感」: 機器人、人和環境
英文論文名稱 The "Uncanniness" in Films: Robot, Human and Environment
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 英文學系博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of English
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 林宜樺
研究生英文姓名 Sonija Yi-Hua Lin
學號 804110020
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2018-06-01
論文頁數 187頁
口試委員 指導教授-杜德倫
委員-蔡振興
委員-曾思旭
委員-蔡仁傑
委員-張其羽
中文關鍵字 科技  陌異感  電影    環境 
英文關鍵字 Technology  Uncanny  Film  Human  Environment 
學科別分類
中文摘要 早在上世紀,工業革命後出現了許多工業機器人,那種機器人不具有類似人類的臉或腿,並且完全不具有任何和人類相似之處。那時候人們可以很清楚的分別那是機器,而我們人類和他們有極大的不同。自那時以來,許多「人樣」機器人已經被開發,並人工智慧逐步提高。 「恐怖谷理論」 (The Uncanny Valley) 是一個關於人類對機器人和非人類物體的感覺的假設。它在1970年由日本機器人專家森政弘 (Masahiro Mori) 提出,但 「陌異」 (The Uncanny) 一詞由Ernst Jentsch於1906年的文章〈恐怖心理學〉文中提出,而他的觀點被佛洛伊德1919年的文章〈陌異〉中闡述,因而成為著名理論。本論文將著重在因為科技進步,所帶來前所未有的視覺衝擊。本論文主旨在找出我們對於現代科技所產生的感情,是如何以森政弘的假設和佛洛伊德的觀點來做融合。最後,我們又該如何克服科技產物所帶給我們的陌異感。
在18世紀和19世紀的工業革命是人類發展的大要進。更多的機器被編入的程式碼不僅要回應我們作為,更是逼真的仿效一個栩栩如生的人類。如iPhone的Siri,就是要滿足最具體的人的需求。互聯網的發明使我們的生活更方便,我們的世界在一個點擊按鈕的之下,但互聯網已經對自己的行為和生活產生大規模的改變。此論文比較和仔細研究相關類的文學作品和影像分析,討論這個問題的對比與科技和生命生活之間的差異以及科技的技術發展影響。科技是如此的發達,我們享受著全新升級的視覺享受、逼真的機器人、仿真的人工智慧。同時諷刺的是,這些「升級」的各種感官接受,卻導致人們的行為越來越像機器人,進而造成我們感官上的麻痺。
英文摘要 Back in the 1950’s, there were many industrial robots, the kind of robots that do not have a human-like face or legs, and do not bear any resemblance to humans. Since then many human-like robots have been developed and incrementally improved. The Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries was a quantum leap forward for human development. People used to read newspapers to get the most up to date news, or read books to get information on various topics. Nowadays when in need of information people turn to Google, Wikipedia, TedTalk and even online forums. With the development of modern technologies, more machines are programmed not only to respond to us as a human would, such as iPhone Siri and Google Now, but also to fulfil even the most specific human needs. Both app functions recognize human spoken words, interpret their meanings, and react to the meaning accordingly. Technology has become so advanced that it enables computers to respond directly to a wide range of human requests, thus “augmenting the work of highly skilled labor, while allowing some types of jobs to become fully automated” (Frey and Osborne 18). The invention of the internet has made our lives more convenient and connected us to the rest of the world at the click of a button, but the internet has had a massive and sometimes adverse effect on our own behaviors and interactions with each other. I would like to compare and contrast the differences between life with technology and life without technology by closely studying literary works that discuss this subject. I will also endeavor to consult theses which discuss the relationship that humans have with technology. I would like to discuss, how technology has been developed, and how it has, ironically, caused humans to act more and more like robots. There are moments when we are struck by a feeling of strangeness, as if there is something wrong with people, things or events around us, this feeling is “uncanniness”. We feel that because of the rapid development of technology, there is a dimension of human existence that is un-synchronized, unstable – unheimlich. I would like to use seven films to illustrate the uncanny in our lives and how this eeriness is in fact ordinary.
論文目次 Chinese Abstract i
English Abstract ii
Table of Contents iv
Chart v

Introduction 1
Definition of the “uncanniness” 4
Literature Review 10

Chapter One: Robot – “Uncanniness” in Affinity 18
1.1 The ‘Un-uncanny’ 20
1.2 Being Uncanny 40

Chapter Two: Human – Uncanny and Ambiguity 56
2.1 Intellectual Uncertainty 57
2.2 Trauma and Anxiety 75

Chapter Three: Environment – [Un]Heim-lich 96
3.1 Controlled, Disciplined and Moral 99
3.2 “Homeliness” in the Unhomely 128

Conclusion and Contribution 148
Conclusion 150
Contribution 157


Works Cited 174

Chart
Chart. 1 Mathematical Function of the Form Y = f (x) ....................... . 5
Chart. 2 The Uncanny Valley Chart by Mori ........................................8
Chart. 3 The N-sided Polygon by Nicolas of Cusa ............................161
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