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系統識別號 U0002-1806201309410600
中文論文名稱 歐巴馬政府執政下的美國國家情報總監辦公室(2009-2012)
英文論文名稱 The Office of the U.S. Director of National Intelligence: Under Obama Administration (2009-2012)
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生中文姓名 貝克
研究生英文姓名 Bheki Mthiza Patrick Dlamini
電子信箱 bhekizodee@yahoo.com
學號 600330376
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2013-06-17
論文頁數 142頁
口試委員 指導教授-戴萬欽
委員-連弘宜
委員-王高成
中文關鍵字 歐巴馬任內美國國家情報總監辦公室  後9/11美國情報體系的重組  情報體系重建  整合  資訊共享  合作  功能結構主義  國會監督  恐怖主義 
英文關鍵字 ODNI under Obama Administration  Post 9/11 Amalgamation of U.S. Intelligence Community  Intelligence Restructuring, Integration  Information-sharing  Collaboration  Structural-Functionalism  Information-sharing  Congressional Oversights  Terrorism 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 此論文將探討美國國家情報總監 論文將使用許多歐巴馬政府於首次執政時期利用國家情報總監所進行的情報改革文獻作為參考。首先,本論文將敘述因九一一恐怖攻擊後實施的國家情報體系改革,以及此改革促成國家情報總監之成立。同時本論文將特別探討美國情報體系,尤其國家情報總監於歐巴馬首次執政時期(2009-2012),對情報體系整頓所造成的後果。深入討論美國情報體系組織的同時,本論文也會介紹情報過程¬¬¬-計畫與方向、蒐集、分析、製作及傳送。國家情報總監是否達成其目的以及情報體系改革是否有助於國家情報總監加強國防,將會是本論文主要探討的兩大議題。
本論文將從三大方向來深入探討這兩大議題。
一、歐巴馬政府對情報體系所進行之組織改革並未受到相關人士反彈。
二、於歐巴馬政府改革後,國家情報總監相較於中央情報局(CIA),對隱蔽行動更
據影響力。
三、於歐巴馬政府改革下,國家情報總監的無人機計畫以及隱蔽行動成功,將歸於
正在改變的「必需知道」(Need-to-know)以及「必需分享」(Need-to-
share)情報文化。
本論文將一併討論與國家情報總監於情報體系改革創立過程中相關的議題。
英文摘要 This thesis represents an analytical study of the United States Office of Director of National Intelligence with specific reference to continual reforms on intelligence in the first term of the Obama Administration. It starts with examining how the 9/11 attacks triggered the Intelligence Community Reforms that led to creation of the ODNI. It further explores the Intelligence Community in the U.S., particularly the ramifications of reorganizations of the ODNI powers and functions, under the Obama Administration, (2008-2012). In-depth discussions concerning the structure of the U.S. Intelligence Community are presented as well as a focus on the defined steps of the intelligence process: planning and directions, collection, analysis, production, and dissemination. This study explored two questions: (i) does the Office of the Director of National Intelligence meet its objectives?; (ii) does bureaucratic reforms within the U.S. Intelligence Community empower the ODNI on national security policy matters? Three prepositions are employed in attempt to answer the two questions: (i) under the Obama Administration, the continual organizational transformation of the Intelligence Community has not met any significant resistance from stake holders; (ii) under the Obama Administration, the Director of National Intelligence has more leverage over covert operations than the director of CIA; (iii) under the Obama Administration, the ODNI's success in drone programs and covert operations is attributed to the changing culture of "need-to-know" and "need-to-share" of intelligence. Implications on issues relating to the restructuring of the U.S. intelligence community in light of the creation of the ODNI as also examined.
論文目次 Acknowledgements I
Abbreviations IV
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
I. Research Questions 2
II. Research Prepositions 5
III. Theoretical Framework 7
IV. Literature Review 11
V. Research Limitations 14
VI. Organization 14
Chapter 2 16
The History of the U.S. Office of Director of National Intelligence 16
I. From DCI to DNI 19
II. The Legal Background of the ODNI 28
III. Directors Tenures: 2005-2012 33
IV. The Concept of Intelligence 37
Conclusion 46
Chapter 3 48
Leverage, Powers of ODNI and Oversight Control 48
I. Leverage and Powers of ODNI 48
II. The Powers of the ODNI 52
III. Oversight 59
IV. Legislative Branch 66
Conclusion 70
Chapter 4 74
Performance, Successes and Failures of the ODNI 74
I. Performances (2009-2012) 74
a) Successes of the ODNI under the First term of Obama Administration 76
b) ODNI Operational Successes in Comparison to Missions 78
II. ODNI Failures 83
a) ODNI’s failures on Arresting Al-Qaida’s Number two 83
b) ODNI Failures on Benghazi 84
c) ODNI Failures on Detroit Aircraft Terrorists Attempt 86
d) ODNI Failures on Leaks 86
e) ODNI Failures on Arab Spring Estimates 87
III. Scholarly Proposals on the ODNI to Enhance Successes and Mitigate Failures 89
a. Increased Integration to Enhance ODNI Successes 91
b. Recommendations on Roles of the ODNI in Maximizing Successes 98
c. Recommendations on Global partnerships to Avert Failures 100
d. Recommendations on Oversight Control Mechanisms Over the ODNI 103
Conclusion 106
Chapter 5 108
Conclusion 108
Major Research Findings. 110
Discussion of Findings on Research Questions 112
Discussion of Findings with Reference to Prepositions and Performances of the ODNI 114
Discussion of Findings with Reference to the Concept of Oversight 117
Reflections on Future Research 117
Bibliography 122
Appendix A 139
Intelligence Community Time Line 139
Appendix B 141
Post 9/11 structure of Intelligence Community 141

Table of Figures


Figure 1: A Typical Intelligence Cycle 41
Figure 2: The Intelligence Cycle Model and Patterns of Interactions mostly in the U.S. Context. 44


List of Tables
Table 1: Summary of major prir-9/11 Initiatives Leading to Creation of ONDI 25
Table 2: Intelligence Community reforms Highlights 32
Table 3: Table of major oversight reforms 69

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Additional Visited Websites

Bush, George W. “Fact Sheet: President Bush Remarks on the War on Terror.” 6 October 2005. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2005/10/20051006-2.html.
CATO Institute. http://www.cato.org/defense-studies/intelligence.html.
Center for the Study of Intelligence. http://www.odci.gov/csi/index.html.
Central Intelligence Agency. http://www.cia.gov/.
Defense Intelligence Agency. http://www.dia.mil/.
Department of State - Bureau of Intelligence and Research. http://www.state.gov/s/inr/.
http://www.intelligence.gov/.
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (formerly NIMA). http://www.nga.mil/portal/site /nga01/.
National Intelligence Council (NIC). http://www.odci.gov/nic/NIC_home.html.
National Reconnaissance Office. http://www.nro.gov/.
National Security Agency (NSA). http://www.nsa.gov/.
National Security Experts Blog. http://security.nationaljournal.com/.
Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive. http://www.ncix.gov/index.html.
Presidential Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. http://www.whitehouse.gov/pfiab/.
U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command. http://www.inscom.army.mil/.
www.pnsr.org/data/files/pnsr%20case%20studies%20vol.%201.pdf.
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