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系統識別號 U0002-1707201900103600
中文論文名稱 美國與台灣政府支持社會企業之比較
英文論文名稱 Comparison of Government Initiatives Supporting Social Enterprises in the United States and Taiwan
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 臺灣與亞太研究全英語碩士學位學程
系所名稱(英) Master's Program in Taiwan and Asia-Pacific Studies, College of International Studies (English-Taugh
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生中文姓名 陳欣妤
研究生英文姓名 Hsin-Yu Chen
學號 607240024
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
口試日期 2019-06-20
論文頁數 62頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄭欽模
共同指導教授-蔡政言
委員-鄭欽模
委員-蔡政言
委員-王凱立
中文關鍵字 台灣  美國  比較  社會企業  政府政策  發展 
英文關鍵字 Taiwan  United States  Comparison  Social enterprise  Government policy  Development 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來,社會企業在世界上得到越來越多的關注及討論。此種類型的組織有著作為政府部門及私人部門中間媒介的角色。美國目前已制定許多有助於社會企業發展的相關政策; 而在台灣,我們也可觀察到近年來社會企業數量及公眾意識提升的趨勢。美國社會企業政策發展的歷史可為台灣的社企發展鋪路,以致於創造並提供更合適的社企環境,近而彌補企業和政府部門無法顧及之面向。
英文摘要 Serving as the medium in between the government sector and the private sector, the type of organization called social enterprise has been gaining more and more recognition in the world. In the U.S, there have been many relevant policies helping accommodate to the development of social enterprises. In Taiwan, we can also observe the surge of social entrepreneurship, the rising number of companies as such and rising awareness of the concept. The history of social enterprise policy development in the United States can provide Taiwan with useful roadsigns that will lead to a better environment for social enterprises, therefore fulfilling many gaps the corporate and governmental actors failed to address.
論文目次 List of Tables iv
List of Terms and Abbreviations v
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Research Topic 1
1.2 Research Motivation 6
1.3 Research Methodology 8
1.4 Research Limitations 10
1.5 General Results 11
2 Literature Review 13
3 The Concept of Social Enterprise 15
3.1 The Emergence of Social Enterprise in a global perspective 15
3.2 United States 20
3.3 Taiwan 21
3.4 The Forms and Characteristics of Social Enterprise 24
4 Historical Review of the Development of Social Enterprises 32
4.1 United States 33
4.2 Taiwan 36
5 Comparison of Social Enterprises in the US and Taiwan 41
5.1 Legal Frameworks 41
5.2 Policy Tools 51
6 Conclusion 54
Bibliography 58

List of Tables
Table 3.1 Overview of Social Enterprise Models in the United States 28
Table 3.2 Overview of Social Enterprise Models in Taiwan 32
Table 5.1 Overview of SE legislation in the U.S. 45
Table 5.2 Government initiatives on social enterprises in the United States 52
Table 5.3 Government initiatives on social enterprises in Taiwan 53
Table 6.1 Comparison of SE development between the U.S. and Taiwan 56
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