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系統識別號 U0002-1707201808524600
中文論文名稱 臺灣對馬紹爾群島之發展援助(1998-2018)
英文論文名稱 Taiwan's Developmental Aid to the Marshall Islands(1998-2018)
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生中文姓名 傑龍
研究生英文姓名 Cassailis Jarom
學號 604335025
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
第二語文別 中文
口試日期 2018-06-28
論文頁數 81頁
口試委員 指導教授-翁明賢
委員-高佩珊
委員-謝奕旭
中文關鍵字 中華民國  馬紹爾群島共和國  對外援助  國際社會  低度開發國家 
英文關鍵字 ROC  RMI  Foreign Aid  International Community  Underdeveloped Countries 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學政治學
學科別社會科學區域研究
中文摘要 此論文將探討和分析中華民國與馬紹爾群島共和國的外交關係史,其次是針對於中華民國對馬紹爾群島共和國的援助和貢獻來進行審查。本論文也提供了三個重要的議題,這些議題有助於我們更佳瞭解中華民國如何協助馬紹爾群島共和國的運作以及馬紹爾群島共和國現在所正面臨的挑戰。相較於過去,中華民國在全球的定位上越加複雜,本論文也將深入暸解及探討中華民國在國際社會中的作用,尤其是對低度開發國家的重大貢獻。在本論文中也將大量的提及中華民國對馬紹爾群島共和國的援助政策。


英文摘要 This thesis report analyzes the history of diplomatic relations between the Republic of China (ROC), Taiwan and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), followed by the examination of Taiwan’s foreign aid and contribution to the country. It provides three important questions that help us understand how the Taiwan’s assistance to the Marshall Islands are operated and what challenges they are facing. With the complexity of Taiwan’s global status, this report leads us to further understand the vital role of Taiwan in the international community, particularly its significant contribution toward the underdeveloped countries. In this study, we are going to use the case of Taiwan’s foreign aid policies to the Marshall Islands.


論文目次 Chapter 1: Introduction

I. Introduction ………………………………………………………………….………1
II Research Question…………………………………………………………………...4
III. Research Objective……………………………………………………………..….6
IV. Research Approach…………………………………………………………..…….8
V. Research Limitation………………………………………………………………..11
VI. Research Hypothesis………………………………………………………………11
VII. Organization……………………………………………………..……………..12

Chapter 2: Term Explanation & Literature Review
I. Term Explanation
A: What is Foreign Aid?........................................................................................15
B: Who Provide Foreign Aid?................................................................................17
C: Who Receive Foreign Aid?...............................................................................22
D: Taiwan ODA Background on International Stage…………………………….25

II: Literature Review
A: Pros of Foreign Aid…………………………………………………………..27
B: Cons of Foreign Aid………………………………………………………….31

Chapter 3: Taiwan’s Aid to the Marshall Islands
I. Nature of Taiwan’s Aid (Soft Power Strategy) ……………………………………35
II. Taiwan’ Aid to the Marshall Islands Annual Budget……………………………...40
III. Taiwan’s Aid to Marshall Islands Compact Trust Fund (CTF)………………..…45





IV. Taiwan Technical Assistance………………………………….…………………….49
(A) Humanitarian Aid:………………………………………………..………50
(B)Taiwan Technical Cooperation……………………………………………54
(C) Others……………………………………………………………………..57

Chapter 4: Challenges Facing Taiwan/Marshall Islands Relations
I: PRC Presence and Pressure toward Pacific Allies…………………………….………58
II: Taiwan’s Recent Diplomatic Breakaway…………………………………..…………66
III: Marshall Island Misused of Taiwan’s Aid………………………………………...…69
IV: Climate Change………………………………………………………………………69

Chapter 5: Conclusion
I: Major Findings…………………………………………………………………………71
II: Suggestion for Future Cooperation……………………………………………….…...74

Bibliography

Table of Figures
Figure 1: Map of the Marshall Islands…………………………………….…..14
Figure 2: Overview of Taiwan ODA 2013……………………………..……..26
List of Table
Table 1: Interview……………………………………………………………10
Table2: Top 10 DAC Donor countries……………………………………...…18
Table 3: ODA Spending by DAC members in 2017 against 0.7% targe……...21
Table 4: Top 10 Multilateral Donors…………………………………………..22
Table 5: Top 10 ODA Recipients…………………………………………..….24
Table 6: Third Quarter Annual Aid from Taiwan to RMI………………….…43
Table 7: ROC Total Contribution to RMI CTF ………………………………47
Table 8: RMI, ROC and USA Contribution to CTF…………………………..48
Table 9: PRC Allies in South Pacific …………………………………………61
Table 10: ROC Allies in the South Pacific ……………………………..…….63
Table 11: Current Allies of Taiwan…...............................................................67
參考文獻 Bibliography
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Arnold, H. Steven. Implementing Development Assistance: European Approaches To Basic Needs. Boulder, Colorado: West Press, 1982.

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Easterly, William. The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done Much Ill and So Little Good. New York: Penguin Press, 2006.

Hans J. Morgenthau, “Preface to a Political Theory of Foreign aid”, The American Political Science Review, 1962. PP 31-39


Friedman, Milton. Foreign Economic Aid: Means and Objectives. Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace: Stanford University, 1995.

Lancaster, Carol. Foreign Aid: Diplomacy, Development, Domestic Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Mayo, Dambisa. Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not and There is a Better Way for Africa. New York: Farrer, Strauss and Giraux, 2009.

Sachs, D. Jeffrey. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. New York: Penguin Book, 2006.

Web Materials
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http://www.wagingpeace.org/remarks-on-bravo-day/.

Myra, Lu. “ROC, Marshall Islands established diplomatic ties,” Taiwan Info, Nov 27,1998. Accessed December 9, 2016. http://taiwaninfo.nat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=16746&ctNode=103/

Sophia Yeh and Romolo Huang. ‘President Thanks Taiwan’s Allies for their Support, Focus Taiwan, Oct 10, 2016.
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201610100018.aspx

Thorsten, V. Kalijarvi. Introduction and Chronology of the Marshal Plan: A report from U.S Library of Congress Legislative Reference Service (George C. Marshall Research Center, (1947). Accessed
http://marshallfoundation.org/library/wp content/uploads/sites/16/2014/05/Chronology_of_the_Marshall_Plan_June_5_1947_to_November_5_1947-1.pdf

Prateek, Agarwel. Types of Foreign Aid, Intelligent Economists, October 7, 2017. Accessed October 11, 2017.
https://www.intelligenteconomist.com/types-of-foreign-aid/
Kiran, Dhillon. Afghanistan is the big winner in U.S Foreign Aid, Time, March 31, 2014. Accessed October 10, 2017.
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E.M Ekanayake and Dasha Chadrna. ”The Effect of Foreign Aid on Economic Growth in the Developing Countries,” Journal of International Business and Cultural Studies, N.D. Accessed by Oct 12, 2017.
http://www.aabri.com/manuscripts/09359.pdf

Finn Tarp,”Aid Effectiveness,” UNU-WIDER, N.D. Accessed by October 12, 2017. http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/newfunct/pdf/aid_effectiveness-finn_tarp.pdf


Joesph, Nye.” Soft Power: The Origin and Political Progress of a Concept,” Palgrave Communication, February 21, 2017. Accessed by October 15, 2017.
https://www.nature.com/articles/palcomms20178

Shiuh-Shen Chen, Yichen Wu and Tzu-Po Yang. ”Taiwan Foreign Aid and Technical Assistance to the Marshall Islands”. Asian Survey 2010. . Accessed by October 17, 2017. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235332512_Taiwan's_Foreign_Aid_and_Technical_Assistance_in_the_Marshall_Islands.


Makereta Komai. ”Marshall Island Expects Reprimand from Taipei Diplomatic Spat at the Forum Leader Meeting”Pacnews, September 7, 2013. Accessed May 22, 2018 http://www.pina.com.fj/?p=pacnews&m=read&o=1172669578522aaea753b6f709f053.

Jess Macy Yu, Ben Blanchar. “Taiwan Says China Dangled $3 Billion to Grab Ally Dominican Republic,” Reuters, May 1, 2018. Accessed June 3, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-dominicanrepublic-taiwan/taiwan-says-china-dangled-3-billion-to-grab-ally-dominican-republic-idUSKBN1I22LN.

Newspaper:

Joesph Stiglitz, “Overseas Aid is Money Well Spent,” Financial Time, April 14, 2002. Accessed by October 12, 2017. https://www8.gsb.columbia.edu/faculty/jstiglitz/sites/jstiglitz/files/Overseas_Aid_is_Money_Well_Spent.pdf .

Full text of President Ma Ying Jeou’s Inaugural Address, Focus Taiwan, May 20, 2012. Accessed by October 15, 2017.
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Hongying Wong and Yeh-Cheng Lu. “ The Conception of Soft Power and Its policy Implication: A Comparative Study of China and Taiwan,” Journal of Contemporary China, June 19, 2008. Accessed by October 17, 2017.
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Accessed October 23, 2017. https://taiwantoday.tw/news.php?unit=4,29,31,45&post=4744.
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Additional Visited Websites:
Department of Policy Planning, “ Foreign Policy Guideline,” Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China, Taiwan, June 1, 2016. Accessed by Oct 16, 2017.
https://www.mofa.gov.tw/en/cp.aspx?n=B7411BDCD003C9EC.

The NSP is a Regional Economic and Trade Partnership between Taiwan and 10 ASEAN Countries, 6 South Asian Nations and Australia and New Zealand. The Initiative is Implemented Mainly to Make Taiwan Less Dependent on Mainland China and Improve Cooperation with Other Countries in the Asia Pacific Region.
Accessed by October 17, 2017.
https://www.elsevier.com/research-intelligence/campaigns/taiwan-new-southbound .

Embassy of the Republic of China (Taiwan), Majuro, Marshall Island.
https://www.taiwanembassy.org/mh_en/post/231.html.
See Compact of Free Association, Agreement between United States and the Marshall Islands. The second compact agreement amends first compact of June 25, 1983. It was signed in Majuro on April 30, 2003 and entered into force on May 1, 2004 and scheduled to be concluded in 2023.
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Trust Fund of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Fiscal Year 2016 Annual Report. https://www.doi.gov/sites/doi.gov/files/uploads/rmi_tf_fy16_annual_report_final_3.27.17_0.pdf

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The embassy of Republic of China, Taiwan donated a sum of $100,000 to the Marshall Islands Drought Relief. The money was given by then Ambassador George T.K Li to former minister of foreign affairs of the Marshall Islands, Philip Muller Accessed on October 25, 2017.
https://www.taiwanembassy.org/mh_en/post/243.html.

See Ministry of Foreign Affairs ROC (Taiwan) news on Taiwan’s provide aid to the drought relief in the Marshall Islands. Accessed October 25, 2017.

https://www.mofa.gov.tw/En/News_Content.aspx?n=1190C61E1C8A01A9&sms=1BC1E5C3DD8E7C26&s=6CEDC0366B8BA7A1.
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http://www.icdf.org.tw/ct.asp?xItem=2638&ctNode=30040&mp=2.

Lowy Institute for International Policy: China and Pacific Islands. Accessed May 9, 2018.
http://www.lowyinstitute.org/issues/china-pacific.

List of OECD member countries: Accessed May 19, 2018.
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Australia Centre on China in the World: ‘China matters in the South Pacific. February 27, 2015. Accessed May 20, 2018.
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Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, . Accessed June 3, 2018.
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Embassy of the Republic of the Marshall Islands to the United States in Washington D.C. Accessed Dec 9, 2016. http://www.rmiembassyus.org/index.php.

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs “International Cooperation and Development Report (2013)”, Republic of China, Taiwan, April 29, 2014. Accessed December 10, 2016.
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United Nation –Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Islands Developing States, (2017). Accessed 0ctober 11, 2017.
http://unohrlls.org/about-lldcs.













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