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系統識別號 U0002-1706200715482200
中文論文名稱 炫耀性消費與國族感在產品選購上的干擾效果
英文論文名稱 The Moderating Effects of Conspicuous Consumption and Ethnocentrism on Purchasing
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士班
系所名稱(英) Department of International Trade
學年度 95
學期 2
出版年 96
研究生中文姓名 程郁茹
研究生英文姓名 Yu-Ru Cheng
學號 694480228
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
口試日期 2007-05-31
論文頁數 76頁
口試委員 指導教授-曾義明
委員-方文昌
委員-高義芳
中文關鍵字 產品來源國  國族感  炫耀性消費 
英文關鍵字 Country of origin  Ethnocentrism  Conspicuous consumption 
學科別分類 學科別社會科學商學
中文摘要 現今我們正生存在國際化的時代中,周圍充斥著來自不同國家的人事物,而消費市場上也充斥著各種品牌產品,都來自不同的國家,尤其是當消費者面對這樣琳瑯滿目的產品時,廠商除了瞭解消費者會透過哪些線索來選購產品之外,還有消費者對國內產品與國外產品的態度與傾向也是當今重要的課題。而國內的廠商在面對一個國際市場時,多強調本土化產品形象,運用消費者的國族感來激起其購買行為。台灣在高度經濟發展之下,不但是物質富裕的社會,其消費型態也進入了炫耀性消費行為的層次。因此本研究之目的在了解消費者的國族感與炫耀性消費對購買行為上的影響。

本研究以消費者國族感與炫耀性消費為干擾變數來探討其對購買行為之影響,並利用複迴歸分析方法來探討消費者國族感與炫耀性消費對國內外產品的知覺品質、知覺價值與購買意願之間關係的影響。研究結果發現:(1)台灣的消費者對國外知名品牌產品之評價優於國內品牌產品。(2)知覺品質與知覺價值會影響消費者的購買意願。(3)炫耀性消費中,社會地位的象徵會增強國外產品知覺品質與知覺價值對購買意願之間關係的影響。(4)國族感中,保守的社會經濟主義會減弱國外產品知覺品質與知覺價值對購買意願之間關係的影響。
英文摘要 We are living in a time of internationalization nowadays, which is rife with different matters that come from different nations. Nevertheless, there are lots of brand products in the market which all come from different countries. Above all, when consumers are faced with numerous products, the manufacturer not only realizes what clues consumers depend on purchasing products, but it’s also important to know how their tendency of domestic and foreign product is. When domestic enterprise encounter with international market, it’s note worthy that focusing on the product image of localization for using consumer ethnocentrism to evoke its purchasing behavior. There is no denying that Taiwan has developing in a highly advanced economy, it is not only a material wealthy society, but also has entered a conspicuous consumption level of behavior. The mainly purpose of this study is to understand the influence consumer Ethnocentrism and Conspicuous Consumption on purchasing.

This study takes consumer Ethnocentrism and Conspicuous Consumption as the moderate variables to analyze the moderating effects of Conspicuous Consumption and Ethnocentrism on purchasing. We apply Multiple Regression Analysis method to confer the influence of Perceived quality, Perceived value and Purchase intention between domestic and foreign products.

The results of this study indicate: (1) Taiwan consumers have preferable evaluation of quality and Perceive value for foreign well-known brand product than domestic brand product. (2) Purchase intention is significantly affected by Perceive quality and Perceive value. (3) Purchase intention is significantly positively affected by Perceive quality and Perceive value of foreign product when Social status demonstration, as a dimension of Conspicuous Consumption is used as moderator. (4) Purchase intention is significantly negatively affected by Perceive quality and Perceive value of foreign product when Socio-economic conservatism, as a dimension of Ethnocentrism is used as moderator.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………1

第一節 研究動機與背景………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………3
第三節 研究流程………………………………………………4

第二章文獻探討…………………………………………………5

第一節 知覺品值………………………………………………5
第二節 知覺價值………………………………………………7
第三節 產品來源國……………………………………………11
第四節 炫耀性消費……………………………………………15
第五節 國族感…………………………………………………20
第六節 研究架構與假說發展…………………………………23

第三章研究方法…………………………………………………33

第一節 研究設計………………………………………………33
第二節 統計分析方法…………………………………………40
第三節 樣本結構分析…………………………………………42

第四章 研究分析與結果………………………………………43

第一節 因素分析………………………………………………43
第二節 信度與效度分析………………………………………46
第三節 相關與迴歸分析………………………………………47

第五章結論與建議………………………………………………59

第一節 研究結論………………………………………………59
第二節 管理策略意涵…………………………………………61
第三節 研究限制………………………………………………63
第四節 未來研究建議…………………………………………63

參考文獻…………………………………………………………65
附錄………………………………………………………………72

表目錄

表3-1-1 變數衡量之操作性定義………………………………33
表3-1-2 2006年1~8月我國主要電信服務統計資料…………36
表3-1-3 問卷回收情況…………………………………………39
表3-3-1 受訪者之樣本結構分配表……………………………42
表4-1-1 因素分析結果…………………………………………44
表4-2-1 信度分析結果…………………………………………46
表4-3-1 相關分析結果…………………………………………48
表4-3-2 國內與國外產品品質評價之差異……………………49
表4-3-3 國內產品的樣本回歸模式分析表……………………51
表4-3-4 國外產品的樣本回歸模式分析表……………………52
表4-3-5 假說驗證彙整表………………………………………56

圖目錄

圖1-1 本研究之研究流程………………………………………4
圖2-2-1 交易效用理論…………………………………………8
圖 2-2-2 價格、品質、價值之因果相關模式………………10
圖2-6-1 觀念架構(一)………………………………………23
圖2-6-2 觀念架構(二)………………………………………24
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