||This article discusses the development of railway station area of Hsinchu City, during the period of Japanese Occupation in 1895-1945.Always, we think that Japanese could control the development of city in Taiwan by method .However,is this hyperthesis true? The article tries to trace back the urban plan and the urban development of Hsinchu City. By researching the history of the railway station area of Hsinchu City, we could know how did the Japanese operate that the railway station area into a central area in Hsinchu City.
The article includes four times discussions. First, for the military security reason , the Japanese followed the space of the Chin Dynasty, occupying the buildings as their military buildings. The urban planners did not pay attention to the railway station area because they couldn’t see any possible of the railway station .It was just a station. In the second period of time, when the railroad being linked from Keelung to Kaohsiung, some of government-operated enterprises and folk stores established here, the railway station area. However, the urban planners even did not think here was important place. While in the last year of this period, they knew finally. In the third period, the government carried out many projects here. The urban planners planed exploiting East zone and the back area of railway station. In the forth of the period, the Japanese continued building in this area. In this area, grand buildings, rangy streets, broad blocks, lots of stores and companies were established. It’s very different from other zone. Many Japanese lived and worked here, they also brought a new life style. The back area of railway station filled of the government-operated housing, the park and farer place, there was industrial estate.
There are three conclusions. The first is that the Japanese urban planners did not have a great plan in the first time and did not make the following plans coming true gradually, but they learn when planning. Based on European model and try, the Japanese colonizers saw Taiwan as a experimental field to learn from . The second, the railway station area, it also became the Japanese life area when the times goes by, was full of new urban life style and new culture, and it let the Japanese won the superiority in the part of economy, life style and social status. The third, the Japanese urban planners used the way of urban renewal to maintain the center business district its supremacy.