||Since Mainland China was reformed and opened in 1979, regardless of the economic data in GDP growth rate or foreign exchange reserves ranked have significant results. However, under the spectacular growth figures, it represents the fact of widening gap between the richness and the poverty. Some studies show that the more serious division between the rich and the poor, the more instable community it would evolve. Concerning the government of Mainland China, it is leaded by Communist Party, which controls Mainland China severely. It is necessary to handle the situation and thus it gave birth to a welfare policy called"Minimum Living Security System" ("Minimum Security").
As for "Minimum Security ", it is the most basic welfare policy under the social assistance system in Mainland China. This system originated in 1993, introduced by Shanghai, where this policy has been implemented for 18 years so far. During this period, more than hundreds of millions of people are eligible for the aid in connection with this policy by the government. Although the number of people who meet the requirement to be granted is growing steadily every year, there is still room of improvement in implementation and supervision mechanism to “Minimum security”
In this study, it is based on the approach to comparative analysis and literature analysis. By collecting of relevant information, research, analysis of Minimum Security in Mainland China, I would like to make an attempt to understand the evolution of this welfare system so as to discover the problems and look forward to understanding the following settings topic by the course of study.
1.How to solve the issue of marginalized groups and welfare dependence raised by “Minimum Security”?
2.How to increase the financial sources of "Minimum Security", to make the system truly achieve to its expectant effect?
3."Minimum security" objected definition in scientific and "Minimum security" management optimization.
From this study, I draw four conclusions:
1.In the functional aspect, the social security must have the distribution function with consistency; in other words, the system would provide for all of people without considering the social scale of them.
2.Public policy could be operated by central and local government, as well as social organizations in planning and implementation stages.In addition, Implemental method choices must be implemented step by step and develop its incentives so that the policy could attract people's attention and cooperation.
3.In order to make the funds of "Minimum Security" abundant, it needs not only the central and local government financial input, but also the improvement on the social contribution system to give fully nonprofit organizations fundraising.
4.The "Minimum security" of the grassroots work to improve the implementation of "Satisfaction", and to establish a database to amend this policy in practice is not the place.
Keywords: Minimum Living Security System, Social Security System, Welfare Dependency, Marginalized groups