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系統識別號 U0002-1608201415411800
中文論文名稱 基於雲端架構的電子圍籬主動式追踨定位系統
英文論文名稱 Electronic fences cloud-based architecture proactive tracking on positioning system
校院名稱 淡江大學
系所名稱(中) 資訊工程學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生中文姓名 林柏佑
研究生英文姓名 Po-Yu Lin
學號 701410184
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
第二語文別 英文
口試日期 2014-06-19
論文頁數 74頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔣璿東
委員-蔣璿東
委員-王鄭慈
委員-葛煥昭
中文關鍵字 定位追踨  全球定位系統(GPS)  雲端資料庫  電子圍籬  Android App 
英文關鍵字 Location tracking on  Global Positioning System(GPS)  Cloud Database  Virtual Fence  Android App 
學科別分類 學科別應用科學資訊工程
中文摘要 在社會結構急速老化,隨著社會人口結構老化,老人失智人口也明顯增加,照顧失智老人的社會成本,將成為下一個青壯年世代非常沉重的負擔。初期失智症狀時常被忽略等原因,一般大眾時常忽略輕度失智老人的照護問題,其中最令人擔心的就是老人家因遊走行為產生的迷路問題。另一方面,因社會的快速變遷,環境日趨複雜,加上社會結構及家庭型態的改變,家長對於兒童的照顧,經常因忙碌的生活產生輕忽,使得兒童的人身安全隱藏危機。目前市面上針對失智老人與孩童的追蹤設備雖然也已經逐漸普及,但在實用性上還是有所不足;而大部分的相關產品都只是定期的對系統伺服器進行位置更新,當親友發送追蹤要求時,系統即回覆被追蹤端上個時間點更新的資料。基於上述問題,本文提出主動更新流程,追蹤端可直接使用Push-Pull Operation直接對被追蹤端發出追蹤更新要求,要求被追蹤端進行定位並回傳給追蹤端,即時且正確的讓追蹤端取得被追蹤端的位置;為了輔助上述的主動更新流程,本文也提出以GPS、3G等定位訊號及基地台資訊做為偵測基礎,在被追蹤端提供電子圍籬偵測功能,透過具備時間參數的電子圍籬框架及失智老人與兒童日常所在地點的分析,通過上述兩種主要功能的實作,提出一個基於雲端平台建立的主動式通知追蹤系統,降低失智老人家與兒童迷路的危險,因本系統主要設計使用在老人與孩童追蹤應用中,因此在被追蹤端的相關設定的畫面,一切以簡易為主,在未來更規劃將所有設定都交由追蹤端進行,除了可以提高系統實用性,實際進行追蹤設備建置也可有效降低設備成本。
英文摘要 With the social structures of rapid aging and population aging, elderly dementia has also increased significantly. Social costs arising from caring for elderly with dementia are bound to heavily burden young adults. Because early symptoms of dementia are often ignored, the general public often overlooks issues related to care of elderly with mild dementia. The most worrying part is elders easily get lost due to their wandering behavior. On the other hand, due to rapid social changes and growing complexity of the environment, coupled with changes in social structure and family pattern, parents often ignore childcare as a result of their busy lifestyle. This in turn exposes children to a hidden safety crisis. Despite the gradual prevalence of elderly with dementia and children tracking devices, their practical uses are still inadequate. Most of related devices only periodically update locations through the system server. When a relative or friend sends a tracking request, the system will only reply with updates on the position of the time of the last tracked end. In view of this problem, automatic update processes were put forth in this stud to enable the tracked end to directly use Push-Pull-Operation to send a request to the tracked end for track updates, requesting the tracked end to position and send it to the tracking end. This will enable the tracking end to obtain real-time and correct position of the tracked end. In order to assist the above-mentioned in actively updating processes, GPS, 3G positioning signals, and base station information were proposed in this study to serve as a basis for detection. At the tracked end, virtual fence detection function is provided. Through the virtual fence framework with time parameters, the analysis of children’s usual whereabouts, and the practical application of the two above-mentioned functions, a cloud platform-based active notification and tracking system was put forward. It will reduce the risk of elderly with dementia and children getting lost. Since the system design application is mainly intended for elderly and children, track end setting frames are kept simple. In the future, all the settings will be done at the tracking end. In addition to enhancing the system practicality, the actual tracking device setup will also effectively reduce equipment costs.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 序論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 論文架構 7
第二章 文獻探討 8
第三章 研究方法 18
3.1 問題陳述 18
3.2 系統架構 20
3.2.1 雲端資料庫視覺化平台 22
3.2.2 Parse Push 24
第四章 系統功能 27
4.1 系統設定 28
4.1.1 綁定裝置 28
4.1.2 電子圍籬設定 30
4.2 主動要求更新裝置位置 32
4.3 電子圍籬偵測通知 34
第五章 系統介面 40
5.1 系統設定 41
5.1.1 綁定裝置 41
5.1.2 電子圍籬設定 45
5.2 主動要求更新裝置位置 47
5.3 電子圍籬偵測通知 49
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 50
6.1 結論 50
6.2 未來研究方向 51
參考文獻 52
附錄A 英文論文 55

圖目錄
圖1 一般被追蹤端定位APP會定時回傳定位資訊至系統伺服器 14
圖2 本文提出的主動更新定位資訊 19
圖3 系統架構 20
圖4 雲端資料庫視覺化平台介面 22
圖5 PUSH NOTIFICATION流程 25
圖6 PARSE PUSH 廣播介面 26
圖7 綁定裝置流程 29
圖8 電子圍籬設定流程 31
圖9 主動要求裝置更新定位流程圖 32
圖10 電子圍籬超出通知 35
圖11 電子圍籬偵測主流程 36
圖12 子流程A(完成訓練)的偵測與通知流程 37
圖13 應用程式登入畫面(「追蹤端」與「被追蹤端」) 41
圖14 「被追蹤端」發送綁定認證碼至「追蹤端」 42
圖15 「被追蹤端」開啟新增裝置頁面要求使用者輸入驗證碼 43
圖16 「追蹤端」顯示綁定成功 43
圖17 可於「追蹤端」進行「被追蹤端」的名稱及電子圍籬相關設定 44
圖18 「追蹤端」設定裝置管理頁面 45
圖19 電子圍籬設定名稱、範圍與時間區段之畫面 46
圖20 使用者可選擇欲更改的電子圍籬進行範圍即時間區段之更改 46
圖21 「追蹤端」使用者可主動要求「被追蹤端」設備進行定位更新 47
圖22 「追蹤端」收到「被追蹤端」設備的定位結果並呈現 48
圖23 「追蹤端」收到「被追蹤端」關閉定位功能的訊息 48
圖24 主動通知使用者「被追蹤端」於異常時間離開圍籬的異常現象 49
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